In the US alone, the Office of Response and Restoration of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) responds to over a hundred oil spills each year (NOAA). While spills happen on both land and water, ocean spills are much more difficult to contain and recover from. They happen easily, almost too easily, either caused by carelessness, accidents, or natural disasters, and their negative environmental impacts could take decades to recover from. It seems like as long as humans are still depending on oil, spills will continue to wreck havoc on marine life. Oil harms marine animals both physically and chemically.
It started on 20th April 2010 and continued for 87 days. It had a huge effect on the marine life and people who were living on coastlines. Due to release of 4.9 million barrels of oil in the sea, even today, the water of Gulf Mexico is contaminated. This has caused psychological, social, cultural and economic long-term and long lasting effects. More importantly, it was caused due to carelessness of government and BP oil owners as they could not manage the fire which led to this enormous disaster.
We all need clean water for domestic use, drinking and swimming. The main problem that accompanies the issue of polluted water is that people are exposed to infectious diseases such as water bone and diarrhea. The world health organization estimates that more than 3 million people die every year due to infectious diseases caused by drinking polluted water. The majority of people being affected are young people of age younger than 5 years (Miller, G.T.). Surface water pollution can be solved by trying to reduce the sources as much as possible and by also treating the water to remove the pollutants from the water.
Acid rain falls not only on the land but also on the lakes, rivers and streams, then make a disaster for the ecosystem for the species that live there. In Sweden acid rain made the lakes so acidic and was the reason behind the death of all the fishes there. The pH concentration will change if the lakes or the streams became acidic, and this will unfortunately cause problems for the fish species and its eggs also. At pHs that is lower than 5 the fish's egg can't be hatch and this will cause later a decline in the fish population and later it might be eliminated. If acid rain falls it will also affects the plants that some animals depends on as a source of food and this will also be a reason behind death of many animals populations (internet
A new research by Netherland University proves that four billion people lives in south Asia facing severe water scarcity at least a whole month of the year. The excess of consumption water increases the demand for water, which leads to the scarcity of water in various parts of the world. Reason behind the Imbalance: The rain water is wasted and it straight away mixes with the Sea water and becomes salty. Salination of water is due to the lack of water harvesting in the coastal areas of the country. This happens because of the mass consumption of water by the human beings the sea water fills the place of ground water so the ground water becomes salty.
What is water pollution and who cause water pollution? Water pollution It's a huge problems in earth, animals are the most effect when water is contaminated, but also water pollution affected humans health. Sometimes we don’t see but we are always contaminating water by throwing thrash and exposing chemicals on water. Humans are the reason why water pollution exist, but we can something about it to end water pollution. What is water pollution?
Solid waste, especially plastic items, can adversely affect beaches and beach water quality. Waste litters the shores, and it can kill marine life, and potentially putting human health at risk with pathogens (“Sources of Beach Water Pollution”, 2014). Plastic, rubber and foam materials can take hundreds of years to break down causing harm to the environment and animals are sometimes killed by the ingestion of these items that they have mistaken for food (“Pollution”, n.d.). Affected by waste, Avalon beach in Los Angeles County, California has been a repeat offender of beach water pollution, resulting to over 50 percent of its water samples exceeding the state pollution standards (Warner,
Every year thousands and thousands of people, especially children, fall prey to water-borne diseases, and nearly half of them die. Water pollution is a serious issue as not only is water the most precious natural resource, but all sources of water support life that is very necessary for the survival of the planet. Water pollution destroys life and ecology and such damage is irreparable. Those who are still not serious about water pollution must also remember that the pollutants present in water not only destroy the life in the rivers and oceans, but also affect our food chain. Many people have the wrong notion that since they are not disposing the pollutants in the water they are not to blame.
Most of these dyes are harmful and potentially carcinogenic and mutagenic to living organisms may lead to serious health problems and also have acute and chronic effects on aquatic life. Also cause aesthetic problem and can have a negative impact on public health. Their presence cause ecological and sanitary changes in the soil, hydric resources and atmosphere. Their exclusion from wastewaters is a major environmental problem.. ] Of the total amount of dyes that are produced annually, more than 50% of are azo dyes.
The project will cost 2.5 billion dollars, causing many businesses to fail. There will be a 2.2% increase in an electricity bill, making it even harder for the middle class Americans to afford the electricity. Also the environment and wildlife population has been decreasing rapidly along with birds and marine mammals. Puting wind turbines in the ocean will murder these animals. There is a very likely chance that there could be an oil spill from a pole put into the ground.