Nowadays, human technology has been improved a lot than before, For example, the medical technology progress, environmental health improvement, and food production increase. These make the people of China become healthier and their average ages lie between 70-75 years old. Owning to the better nutrition, sanitation, health care, education and economic wellbeing - the death rates have been decreased than before, this caused the unbalance population in
In fact, the Chinese population continues to grow steadily and this could change the social and cultural trends. Another important point is the education; in fact China emphasize on the literacy rate that in China was over 90% (huebler.blogspot.ch, 2008). China is known to be a country where the population prefers to receive implicit messages and not to make any idea. For those wishing to open a business in China, the key to success is the relationship with the private relationships with various stakeholders. Another problem in China is corruption.
In the last three decades, China has been transformed into the second largest economy in the world, in terms of GDP or gross domestic product in 2010; along with that it has also become the highest consumer of energy in 2009. As per the report by Chen et al. (2013) the total energy consumption of China reached to 2.43 billion tonnes of oil equivalent in 2012. According to the same report, the energy consumption of per-capita GDP has risen by 1.4 times higher than the world average. Every growth comes with a price and in China; the population has paid with the ill effect of pollution on the health of the people in China.
All environmentalists agree that China is getting by on a tiny amount of water and that percentage of water is decreasing (The Economist). “In 1970, China had 50,000 rivers and now those rivers have had water extracted from them due to agriculture and industry” (The Economist). China needs to be more concerned with the environment and not only the urbanization of the
1. Introduction In 2015, China's economic growth rate slowed down, but the per capita disposable income of the whole country increased by 7.4% in real terms, and the GDP grew by 6.9% in the same period. At the same time, in the distribution of income aspect, there are still many problems and challenges, which is mainly shown on the proportion of household income in the national income distribution, big income gap between industries and income gap is even larger between different group of workers. The Report on China's population and labour (2016) notes that China's gender wage gap is widening. According to the Survey on the status of women in China, the average female wage in China's urban employment in 1990 was about 77.5 percent of male wages,
It is estimated by demographers that the ratio of population aged 65 and over to those aged 15-64 will arrive at a peak of 34.1% in 2042 (Liang, Tu& Chen,1986). Thus one major negative effect is that in the 2050s, a shrinking number of workers may not be able to satisfy the great demand of the elderly group (Fuchs, 1998), which at the same time will intangibly add to the young generation’s burden, both physically and mentally. Moreover, population aging may further result in a shortage of young employees, which will in turn have a negative impact on the improvement of productivity. Last but not least, increasing size of the elderly group can also challenge the old social security system. For example, the financial burdens of pensions and health care for the government will be heavier (Song& CHU,
The total import and export volume of China increased from $206 billion to $17607 billion. The massive changes are happing to a short time just after 2000, the rising of China takes China to the “Gilded Age”. In conclusion, both China and America concentrated on the development of the economic development and ignored the inequalities of society, economic and political and just make the countries into an ostensible and flashy prosperity and full of greedy and corruption in the government for a long time. But now they make great improvements to change it and become better
China is the most populous country in the world and also a country of numerous farmers. China’s agriculture feeds a population of 1.37 billion of whose 48.8% of the population lives at the rural region. In the current situation, the rural population is 44.39% as per in the China (total % of the population). Land resources are scare: with 22% of the world’s population, china has only 8% of the world’s farmland about 0.1 hectares per capital. The portion of agriculture in China’s GDP dropped from 28.1% in 1978 to 11.8% in 2005.
Beijing 's 20 million residents generate about 18,000 tons a day, most of which goes to landfills. With household trash volume rising at least 5 percent annually, according to the city, authorities are building new incinerators, though that 's caused concern about further dirtying the capital 's already smoggy skies. According to china’s oldest NGO ”Friends of Nature” more than 90 percent of the packaging is not at all needed, and even when the trashes can be recycled, the process uses energy and can contribute to water and air pollution. China is rapidly transforming from a rural nation to an urban one. China being one of the top developing countries is selling fancier things made of plastic which have created vast new business opportunities, but the environmental costs are also on the rise.
According to government standards, the number of poor people in China accounted for over 82 million people by the end of 2013. But according to international standards, there are still over 200 million people suffer from poverty China. Poverty is one factor in china. Poverty encompasses various dimensions which includes lack of access to basic services, insecurity in daily life, disempowerment as human agency, and the inability to speak out with dignity. Furthermore, lack of education limits the women from getting better earning opportunities, making them even more vulnerable to exploitation.