What is more, postcolonialism involves a serious neglect of the role of global capitalism in perpetuating global inequalities in the present and accordingly serves the cultural requirements of global capitalism. Others strongly believe that postcolonialism is an “alibi” to and for the neo-colonialists (Farred 2001: 231). This is due to the fact that it is politically complicit with the dominant capitalist and neo-colonial regimes of knowledge. Such attacks typically assert that the institutional location of postcolonial theory in the Western academy necessarily and automatically precludes it from being able to
It was first used by historians after World War II as “post-colonial state” referring to post-independence period. That’s to say in its original usage, the prefix “post” in post-colonial indicated its chronological meaning. Yet, from the late 1970s its scope has been broadened and moving beyond the limited discursive meaning of postcolonialism, referring to the chronological period of post-independence, literary critics used it to problematize the social, cultural, political and economic consequences of colonization on colonized countries. For instance, Ania Loomba defines postcolonialism as a theory about “… the complex forms in which subjectivities are experienced and collectivities mobilized; … and about the ethnographic translation of cultures” (Loomba et al., 13-14). In Postcolonialism- An Historical Introduction (2001), Robert Young proposes that “postcolonial theory is always concerned with the positive and the negative effects of the mixing of peoples and cultures” (Young 69).
Postcolonial literature has been popular for its larger part of the theorist (“Postcolonialism” 225). “ Racial discrimination is a theme that runs throughout postcolonial discourse, as white Europeans consistently emphasized their superiority over darker skinned people,” (“Postcolonialism” 231). Race, language and identity is a main part of Postcolonial. The Postcolonialism was after the countries gained its independence from Great Britain (“Postcolonialism” 225). Cultural difference were one of the main reasons of postcolonial, the separation between two or more ethnic groups.
The third source thinks greatly of the idea of colonialism as he believes that he is relieving the Aboriginals, and saving them from their problem. There are various views of how people perceive colonial to be, whether it is positive, or negative. It all depends on which side you had come from, and what you have
The appropriation of postcolonial and at times decolonial rhetoric in relation to the postsocialist countries in the increasingly unipolar (in spite of all multipolar proclamations) world, has gone quite unevenly. In postsocialist Eastern Europe it was faster, more successful, and less censored because the liberating rhetoric logically shifted from the old dependence on Russia and the USSR to a critique of the new dependence on Western Europe and the US without touching the interests of the new national elites. Therefore the postcolonial discourse was not only harmless but even somewhat useful for the new independent states. The postsocialist intellectuals started to write on the subalternization and peripheralization of Eastern and Central
The term “Postcolonial literature’’ now replaces the traditional category of “Commonwealth literature’’ or “Third World literature.’’ There are several discourses of Postcolonial writings like: immigration, migration, feminization, marginalization, and dehumanization of native, quest for identity, pre-historic and post-historic evidences. This is an era of “globalizing spread’’ (Meenakshi Mukherjee 3). Postcolonialism is a vast project of decolonization of mind and spirit. Including all these terms only one word will be enough to say that is Diaspora. Diaspora is the prominent issue of the Postcolonial literature.
The Arab American literature relates to postcolonial literature. Postcolonial theory is a path for the poets to express their thoughts and emotions about their conquered countries openly. The main subjects the postcolonial theory focuses on are representation, migration, and resistance. In addition, postcolonial writing is a piece of literature that gives the exploited people voice to speak about their suffering and needs. C. L Innes has applied the postcolonial studies on literary texts written by colonized people.
Postcolonial studies is defined as “the critical analysis of the history, culture, literature and modes of discourse that are specific to the former colonies of England and other imperial powers of Europe” (M.H.Abrams, 236). Though Postcolonialism implies ‘after colonialism’ hegemony or domination and exploitation etc., never ends for it began with the days of Adam and Eve. As language, literature and culture are inseparable; Postcolonial studies has been gaining prominence since 1970’s, focusing mainly on the ‘Third World countries’. ‘Postcolonialism’ has acquired various interpretations. The postcolonial writer has to expand the consciousness of his people and retrieve the past glory of his country.
The colonial takes into himself the colonizing image and merges it with his Africanism or Indianism and becomes something new and different—a hybrid creature that subverts the colonial project. As he puts it in one essay, ‘I have tried . . . to rename the postmodern from the position of the postcolonial.