The following is a summary of what was within some of those articles. Depression is a psychological disorder characterized by feelings of persistent sadness, hopelessness, and suicidal tendencies.1,2 There are several types of depression ranging from seasonal depression to postpartum depression (PPD), after birth depression.2 The term “postpartum depression” contains a number of different mood disorders that vary in their nature.3 These differences are essential when it comes to the displayed symptoms and applied treatment.3 PPD affects 10% to 15% of recent mothers. In some parts these percentages could rise up to 35%.3 However, most of the cases remain undiagnosed due to a number of factors
At present hyperemesis gravidarum is the third leading cause of hospitalisation due to dehydration, electrolyte imbalance and malnutrition17. Currently maternal mortality due to hyperemesis is rare. Wernicke’s encephalopathy secondary to thiamine deficiency is a rare complication of hyperemesis gravidarum. It leads to symptoms such as ataxia, ophthalmoplegia and mental confusion18. Some patients experience disorientation and inattentiveness.
Laboratory testing for known causes of brain calcifications came back negative; thus the patient was diagnosed with Fahr’s disease, a condition that was diagnosed in her younger sibling two years previously. As there is no cure for the condition, the patient received physiotherapy, speech and language therapy, and her diabetic control was optimised prior to discharge from hospital; she made mild improvement in her symptoms. Fahr’s disease is a condition characterised by an idiopathic bilateral basal ganglia calcification. It is a rare disease with prevelance believed to be less than one in a million; most often an autosomal dominant in nature. It can
October’s Lupus Awareness Month wear purple to bring awareness to the disease. Lupus is an autoimmune disease that could take years to diagnose because symptoms can disguise as other illnesses. The disease produces autoantibodies that attack healthy cells, including skin, joint, heart, lungs, kidneys, and brain. Lupus affects approximately 1.5 million Americans, mostly women. Pregnancy can trigger the disease due to women of childbearing years being more at risk of having Lupus.
October 2003, my family was stuck with tragedy. Chloe my little sister started to become ill, she started out with acute symptoms such as pyrexia, rash, hemiplegia, and arthralgia. After two trips to her Primary Care Physician they just continued to claim she had the flu. After a month of her symptoms developing and becoming worse a trip to Miner Medical Center was the only answer. Only being there for about an hour she was transported via life flight to Children’s Hospital in Pittsburg.
In the case study, the patient is diagnosed with depression when he goes to his GP nine months after his daughter’s death. Depression is a mood disorder, and according to the DSM-IV (1), a ‘major depressive episode’ is when an individual experiences at least two weeks of a depressed mood or anhedonia, with children and teenagers possibly experiencing irritability as opposed to sadness. In addition, at least four more symptoms must be present almost all day, every day, for a minimum of 2 weeks. Furthermore, the symptom(s) must be new or much worse than they had been before the depressive episode. The patient in the case study presents with insomnia, weight loss, feelings of guilt, exhaustion, frequently being tearful, and no longer enjoying
Susanna Kaysen has borderline personality disorder whereas she expresses erratic behaviors and intense shifts in mood that can last only a few hours at a time, she attempted suicide during a time of extreme depression/anger, feelings of emptiness, loneliness, and mistreatment. People who have borderline personality disorder are usually diagnosed in early adulthood after the age of 18. These individuals display instability in all types of relationships in their lives. The self-view, worth, and disturbed thoughts occur early
Participants also reported that key reasons given by participants for their psychiatric hospitalization were congruent with self-transcendence issues significant in later adulthood (e.g. physical health concerns, relationships with adult children, questions about life and death) (Reed, 1989). In the third study, Reed explored patterns of self-transcendence and mental health in 55 older adults (Reed, 1991). In this study, self-transcendence was measured through the newly developed Self-Transcendence Scale (STS). The score was correlated inversely with Langner Scale of Mental Health Symptomatology scores (Reed, 1991).
Rebleeding. Rebleeding is one of the most feared complications and is usually manifest as deterioration in neurological state. If rupture occurs during anaesthesia, the patient can develop dysrhythmias and brain swelling. If a ruptured aneurysm is not treated, there is a 40% chance of rebleeding in the first 28 days. Approximately 70% of patients who suffer a second bleed will die.
In 1992, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported an ectopic pregnancy rate of 19.8 per 1,000 pregnancies compared with a rate of 3.7 per 1,000 pregnancies in 1980. Lipscomb GH, et al (2000).Although early diagnosis and modern management techniques have contributed to a marked decline in mortality, ectopic pregnancy remains one of the leading causes of maternal morbidity and mortality as cited by Dorfman SF, Grimes DA, Cates W Jr, et al (2008).Undiagnosed ectopic pregnancy can result in rupture of the fallopian tube with intra-abdominal bleeding, leading to haemorrhagic shock and death. The most common manifestations of ruptured ectopic pregnancy are abdominal pain, light headedness, and vaginal bleeding, which collectively can be of moderate sensitivity but low specificity. The first essential branch point in the majority of guidelines for the management of ectopic pregnancy includes a sensitive qualitative urine β-subunit of human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) assay. A negative test result is used to exclude the diagnosis of pregnancy and thereby a possible ectopic gestation.
Most commonly, however, miscarriages occur within the first twelve weeks of pregnancy. "Miscarriage is the lay term used for pregnancy lost before 20 weeks ' gestation while the medical term for pregnancy loss before 20 weeks ' gestation is called abortion, regardless of whether the event is elective or spontaneous" (Evans, Evans, Brown, & Orshan, 2010). "While it is estimated that half of all fertilized eggs are spontaneously lost before a woman may know she is pregnant, approximately 15-20% of known pregnancies end in miscarriage (Miscarriage, 2010) with 80% of miscarriages typically occurring before the 12th week of pregnancy" (Gerber-Epstein et al., 2009) (Mcgee, 2013). Miscarriage is not a reported occurrence and consequently the prevalence is difficult to assess. Statistics estimate that approximately 10% to 15% of confirmed pregnancies result in miscarriage.
ADHD is generally diagnosed in the first 12 years of their lives, when symptoms are at their worst and many of them may occur in the first few years of life. Other causes include drinking or smoking during the mother’s pregnancy, exposure to toxic chemicals or substances such as lead, or extreme child abuse, neglect, and lack of social interaction. As shown above, some things can cause ADHD to develop early through genetics, or later on in life after certain environmental factors are experiences. It’s also theorized that food additives such as food coloring can cause ADHD, or at least amplify the disorder in patients with
The type of depression that mothers get it after birth can defined as postpartum depression (PPD). Postpartum depression is moderate to acute depression in a woman after she birth a baby. It may be occur shortly after birth or up to one year later. Most of the time,
Postpartum depression is something some mother 's get after having a baby. Postpartum needs to be more talked about to mother 's. There are many mother 's who go diagnosed with postpartum because they don 't know what it is. Postpartum can happen right after birth, although some mother 's don 't notice until around three weeks after the baby. This is a very common disease through out mother 's.
Premature babies are usually placed in the intensive care unit (ICU). (March of dimes) Respiratory distress syndrome is a very common disorder that almost all infants that are born before 28 weeks end up having. A premature infant may have issues breathing problems due to not fully developed lungs, so they are not able to provide them selfs with enough oxygen to breathe. If the infant 's lungs lack a substance called surfactant, what this does is doesn 't allows their lungs to expand. This is a disorder that rarely occurs with infants that serve a full term inside the womb.