Children born into homelessness can be at higher risk for infectious disease, stunted growth rate, and anemia. These deficiencies can be caused by environmental factors and poor nutrition(Hart-Shegos 2). In the novel, the Tillerman children all struggle to be accepted in school because of their obvious differences, likely caused by the time they spent homeless. They have experienced great hardships that they could not control, for example, their delayed development. This can be explained by, “Studies of pregnant women in New York City welfare hotels have shown their babies are twice as likely to weigh less than five pounds at birth when compared to all pregnant women.
This type of family will greatly affect the behavior of the child because the parent’s (either mother or father) attention will be shifted to their new spouses and sometimes forget their children. This will give a big impact to the behavior of the child because he or she feels neglected or loneliness. But the major composition of a family that surely gives a big impact to the child is a broken family. The family can be broken in a variety of ways; Divorce, annulment, separation, desertion, and death mean that the family is structurally incomplete. When children are placed in institutions or in foster homes, family ties are broken.
“Today, more than 23 million American children live in a single-parent household (“State Divorce Laws”). Many children have watched their parents go through a divorce. It can be very hard experience for children to go through. Some researchers have suggested that not only the divorce itself, but the tensions between the parents have a harmful impact on children. Children who experience divorce are also more likely to have social or pathological problems as they grow up.
The foster care system is not always a good choice. Even with having good intentions there are many terrible experiences. Developmental issues continue to be a problem with children in foster care. As a foster child most intentions are to have the child adopted, yet in many cases they bounce from foster home to foster home. In the article, “Developmental Issues for Young Children in Foster Care” by the committee
Children who experienced conflict‐related trauma and met criteria for post‐traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), an anxiety disorder that develops after exposure to psychological trauma, were often associated with poor school achievement and memory impairments (Elbert and Schauer, 2009). Indirect effects of armed conflict, such as losing caregivers and support networks are also damaging to a child’s well‐being and healthy development (Betancourt and Khan, 2008). Conflict often destroys informal social networks for children and disrupts community structures, and children may be forced to be self‐ sufficient (UNICEF April 2009). Children physically disabled through armed conflict may have health and educational concerns that will decrease ability to thrive and live healthy lives (Miller,
Sadly even more children are abused than actually reported, “research has revealed alarming rates of abuse in foster care. One independent study after another has found abuse in one-quarter to one-third of foster homes, and the rate in group homes and institutions is even higher. And for reasons related to study methodology...even those figures almost certainly are underestimates” (Richard Wexler). According to Wexler a majority of figures addressing the number of children abused are put together by the child welfare agencies. Which means that to make their programs look better they have a tendency to overlook warning signs of abuse within a youth’s foster
The children’s rights website stated that, “On any given day, there are nearly 428,000 children in foster care in the United States.”() All of those children have to be reminded daily that the foster care system has a lot of problems in it. Most of these children are put in some of the most unbearable situations. The foster system has numerous problems that I think can and should be solved. This includes: children not having an education, foster parents and children not having a connection, children facing both sexual and physical abuse, financial problems, and children aging out of the system. There are many more problems with the foster care system but I think that these are the main problems that should be addressed and solved.
Restricting a child to one set of behaviors can psychologically damage them. Maria do Mar Pereira, a sociological researcher, found in a study that “constant effort to manage one’s everyday life in line with gender norms produces significant anxiety, insecurity, stress and low self-esteem for both boys and girls, and both for ‘popular’ young people and those who have lower status in school” (Forcing
These children tend to develop mental illnesses, awkward social skills, and they function very different than a child with a normal home setting. Many children loose contact with their parent after they are gone for many reasons. When a parent is
(Simms, et al). Once the foster parents feel that they can not control the child's emotional outbursts, or misbehaving, they become disconnected. “Other child welfare authors have documented the intrapsychic conflict that many foster care children experience as a result of traumatic separation from biological parents. This conflict is often manifest by expressed or observed feeling of guilt, rejection, abandonment and shame” (Gonzales). The foster parents begin to feel helpless, which can lead them to stop caring for the child, causing more emotional detachment for the
When a child is placed into foster care, many times they have trouble adjusting. This may be caused by developmental delay. In an article, by Brenda Harden, she states that, “Moreover, research demonstrates that children exposed to violent, dangerous, and/or highly unstable environments are more likely to experience developmental difficulties.1 Children exposed to violence within their homes experience the most deleterious outcomes. For example, children exposed to physical maltreatment often experience impairments in their physical health, cognitive development, academic achievement, interpersonal relationships, and mental health.” Most children are more likely to experience problems if it has to do with violence or abuse before they were taken away and placed into the system. Those are the children that have more severe problems which will most likely lead to long
Adolescents who lack a secure attachment relationship with their caregivers are at a greater risk for dysregulation of affect when experiencing trauma and the developing the symptoms of posttraumatic stress. Insecurely attached children and adolescents do not seek comfort in their caregivers so when exposed to trauma, their coping abilities are significantly hindered. When not able to seek protection and comfort in their caregivers, insecurely attached youth are more likely to be overwhelmed by stress; coping alone with limited resources may cause hyperarousal or disassociation (Perry, 2001). Likewise, an adolescent with a secure attachment can act as a layer of defense against the potential adverse effects of trauma (Finkelhor & Browne, 1984). A secure attachment also provides a safe a nurturing environment that enables the adolescent to process the traumatic events and become more equipped to return to a sense of safety and wellbeing- at least the same level experiences prior to the traumatic experience.