As the expectations for children entering kindergarten rise, so should a child’s preparation for the concepts that they will be expected to know. More and more parents are making the decision to enroll their children into some type of preschool to help prepare them for kindergarten, and more and more of these students are succeeding in their early school years and even their later life. In fact, 61% of parents say that their children are enrolled in preschool, which has risen by 6% in just one year (Early Childhood Education Zone)! Kids that do not receive the opportunity to attend pre-kindergarten classes are not getting the chance to succeed at their full potential. Studies show that kids that do not attend pre-K are 60% more likely to
Type of Play Play is very important in the child’s growth and development (Myers 2012). The type of play that is found in early childhood are things that use their hands, and minds. Using games/toys helps kids interact with other kids to create a social environment and comfort. Play also helps children learn in many ways (Myers 2012). You usually find kids playing with blocks, building things, and games that use their imagination (Guyton
[Parke and Locke, 2002] Friends and peers also have a big influence on children. They observe each other and learn from each other. Each child differs in social and emotional development also. Children who go to crèches are more capable of making friends and feel more comfortable playing with other children. Also introducing play dates at an early age is very effective as children become used to other children and it is a very beneficial way of introducing children to friends and peers.
Children who engage in play activities with their parents jump right into games when they start school and show more independent behavior in those situations. Having their parents show an interest in their activities develops a strong sense of self in the child. Bottom line parents really need to accompa children in every phase of their development without having to berintervensi too much of a good child in decision-making as well as in small businesses that kids do in trying to pass through a phase of their
(18) Corsini and Auerbach (1996) refer play as a vehicle for learning that enables a child to grow cognitively, socially, physically and emotionally. It is more than simply 'a child's work', as within the context of play the child learns about interrelationships and is afforded the means to become an effective participant. (19) Mclane et al. (1996) examined the attitude of teachers, administrators and college educators towards play and how play is facilitated among children at early childhood. The findings suggested that early childhood professionals held a range of perspectives on play reflecting differences in knowledge, values, beliefs and practices, which were rooted in their differences in personal, cultural and educational experiences.
Lacan (97), in his dialectical reversals, explains that hoe Freud thought about the case influenced how Dora perceived her place n relationships. Hence, how the teacher thinks about a particular case influences how the child perceives their relationships. Here is an example of silent interpretation; a grade school teacher may note that one of the children in their class has been particularly vigilant in seeking approval from the teacher. The child not only participates in activities within the classroom, but also in others organizational tasks such as planning recess activities. The teacher has also noticed that the child inadvertently calls her ‘mum’.
Groups also are the perfect environment to practice social skills building and allow children to build a social network. Another benefit of group counseling is that children learn to cope with their disabilities and the limitation that accompany it. There has also been a push within the school to integrate students with disabilities into the general population, hence it’s necessary to help them become adjusted to their environment. Adolescence is a critical time within children social lives, according to Givon and Court (2003). It is suggested that the earlier intervention will become well- adjusted and socially competent individuals.
Therefore, social competence may be referred to as how well children get along with peers and adults and establish successful relationships. The terms social competence and emotional competence are often related because social interactions usually involve emotion, and children’s ability to be emotionally competent determines how successful they are during their social interactions and relationships. Thus, the development of social/ emotional competence requires skills that promote emotion recognition and regulation, empathy for others, problem solving, and positive social interactions. Children need opportunities to engage in social interactions as a means to practice and perfect their social strategies. The first non-family relationships with same age peers typically occur during the preschool year.
Research has shown that the increase in academics during the early childhood years has been on the rise for years. Shepard and Smith (1988) argued that “formalized activities that occur to early deprive children of time to learn from play”(p. 137). School is becoming nothing more than a factory, where students pump out worksheets at their desks. Children are not able to socialize with each other, so children are lacking the social skills that they would gain through play in early childhood.
By providing self-development by providing safe, colorful, intriguing toys and materials to foster curiosity.At each stage of early development, infant, toddler, and preschool children look around and try to make sense of their social and physical environments. They learn more about their expanding community and finally come to see themselves as tiny citizens. The evolution of each child’s social understandings about the world begins with self and family, expanding to the child care and educational setting. In developing these social inquiries, teachers first focus on what children know and are able to do. Then they help children scaffold additional learning to elaborate their understandings of the world around them.