In Robert Putnam’s book Bowling Alone, published in 2000, technology and mass media both represent a trend and “counter-trend” to increasingly low levels of social capital. While the development of technology such as television and the decline of appointment viewing have resulted in the ever-increasing isolation of American society, and although Putnam argues that “the single most important consequence of the television revolution was to bring us home” we also can now observe that the development of the internet and its explosion of easier forms of communication deepen our ties with each other. The advent of contemporary telecommunications has created a new and renewed capability to make and maintain ties that while perhaps not entirely offsetting the impacts of television, are significant in and of themselves. In spite of this seemingly unclear struggle between technology and social capital, it is clear that Putnam viewed the advent of television as ultimately precipitating a rapid decline in social capital that calls into question the strength of American society at the end of the twentieth century. While this argument is empirically well supported in the book, Putnam in large part fails to spend sufficient
But recently gerrymandering has become more controversial because people feel that it has taken away their rights as a voter and it swings the votes to one side by a big percentage. Current cases are before the courts to decide if gerrymandering is legal. Some states have been discussing whether it should still be allowed during elections. “Many efforts are underway to remedy this political
In this article, Alex Mikulich describes entertainment as a function of the mass media where it is mostly used by the masses to “amuse them in present day hectic environment” (Mughal 1) but at the same time, shifting their minds away from what the American Dream originated as. Television notably helped define it as the “acquisition of material goods” (1). According to the article “How the American Dream Has Changed Over Time”, Americans dreamed of living ideal lives like those portrayed in shows such as “Leave It to Beaver” and “Father Knows Best”(“How the American Dream Has Changed Over Time”, 1). As time went on, televised lives were becoming increasingly extravagant and only influencing people 's beliefs
"Abolish the penny?" This is a question that has frolicked around the economic scene for decades. Advocates of abolishing the penny call upon claims supported by faulty evidence, for instance, "Two thirds of [pennies] immediately drop out of circulation" (Source C). This claim is fatally misleading as studies have been conducted to show that "the annual rate pennies dissappear from circulation is surprisingly similar to all other forms of coinage -- around 5.6 percent" (Source C). So why should we, as Americans, abolish something as symbolic to our national heritage as the penny, without proper reasoning?
It isn’t actually that frequent, about once a modern lifetime, but seems to have gotten more frequent the closer we get to now. In the last twenty years, we have had two times when the system has given a winner that wasn’t supported by the majority of voters, yet we didn’t have any in all of the 20th century. This could mean that it is getting more and more likely that the electoral college will have someone that the majority of voters didn’t vote for. All of this contributes to the idea that one vote is worthless, which is why the electoral college is antithetical to a democracy. Congressmen aren’t elected through a slate of people voted by citizens to vote for citizens, so why is the president?
Paul Waldman compares the campaigning process of a number of countries and looks at their respective policies concerning limits on contributions spending of a candidate’s campaign. For countries that have no limitations whatsoever, Waldman says “spending two or three million dollars to get a seat in the national legislature, the way American House candidates routinely do, would seem absurd.” In countries such as Sweden, Germany, or Australia, TV advertising which is the most expensive part of campaigns in the U.S., is banned. Also, campaigning is forbidden until a short period before the actual election. Perhaps these are several policies that can be brought to the U.S. Today. There is just under a year until the presidential election, yet candidates are well into their campaigns, sinking large chunks of money into advertising and traveling state to state.
Identical to Fahrenheit 451, the society today is in a great deal of trouble with technology overpowering books. In recent years, reading has drastically declined due to people wanting to watch TV instead. CBS News explains, “Only 47 percent of American adults read "literature" (poems, plays, narrative fiction) in 2002, a drop of 7 points from a decade earlier. Those reading any book at all in 2002 fell to 57 percent, down from 61 percent...The likely culprits, according to the report: television, movies and the Internet” (Shetty) . Similar to Fahrenheit 451, CBS News talks about the problem with technology replacing books.
One of the main problems in the sports industry in the rising cost of tickets. Over the last decade, the attendance at sports competitions has greatly decreased due to the cost of tickets. Stadium owners want to increase the price of tickets to increase their amount of revenue. On average for a family of four to attend a New York Knicks the total cost would be 608.78 dollars, and for
More than 45 million Americans are currently living in poverty – that may seem like much, but compared to what it has been previously, it is actually an active reduction. Without food stamps, one of the welfare programs, it is estimated that 8 million more Americans citizens would be affected by poverty. Hearing from the media almost constantly that the poverty rate has been reduced in America, and that the American citizens have gotten better conditions, I was once again looking forward to experiencing it in real life. Much to my annoyance, I was once again disappointed. The media always seems to promise the moon, but when you see it in real life, it is nothing like they have promised.
College this and college that, in today's world all we hear about are the people who go to college and how great it is even though so many people never go. So what are the reasons some people don't get the chance to attend college? Some scholars like Simone Pathe say “In fact, this is the second year enrollment has fallen by that much, bringing the two-year total to 930,000 fewer college students, bigger than any drop before the recession” (Pathe). Though there are scholars like Lindsay Cook saying “Between 1980 and 2012, the overall college enrollment rates increased from 26 percent to 41 percent” (Cook). Some of the reasons why people never get to attend college varies and is a wide array of things.