Prison overcrowding causes destruction within prison walls, with tensions rising and separation within inmates prisons do not seem to be fulfilling their purpose of finding inmates the right help. The U.S also has an issue of spending more money on the incarceration of citizens than the education of their citizens. $70 billion a year is a lot more than this country needs to be spending on corrections, with the grand amount of money issues this country faces there are plenty of other debts to pay. It is time to reconstruct the prison system and find a better solution to this country’s never ending problem. Mass incarceration is hurting the U.S and if we do not fix the issues on the past they will continue to ruin
With 105 prisons being public and 14 being private sector there have been long discussions and decisions being made to make numerous public sector run prisons, private. The quality of service provided by private prisons is being faced with criticism that quality is being reduced to improve efficiency. Michel Gove has to make sure he is being efficient with his finances to run public prisons as he is facing 40% budget cuts. This table shows how the private and public prisons budgets have been split over the past 5 years: The public sector figures for 2015/16 exclude budgets that will be added over the course of the year which includes the prison industries, contractors’, escorts and learning and skills. 2016 will be the first full year with the prisons and offender management system going through the new reformed system with a new budget of £3,230.414m programmes resource expenditure and a further £8.000m capital expenditure and a new focus of stabilisation of the system including finances and public value (Ministry of Justice, 2015) Justice Minister Jeremy Wright gave a statement to The Telegraph (2013) on private prisons that states: ”The cost of running our prisons is too high and must be reduced.
Many people believe that the crime rates increased during the Great Depression. James V. Bennett, the director of the Federal Bureau of Prisons, states that institutions like Alcatraz were necessary to control the security issues of gangster era criminals. According to Donna Raaphorst, author of Alcatraz- the History of an Island Prison, Raaphorst states, “Bennett and Homer Cummings agreed Alcatraz would alleviate the stress in the rest of the system. Confining the escape artists and the real troublemakers on the Island would result in less regimentation and a freer atmosphere in the other prisons and in American societies” (139). Bennett also claims that existing federal prisons were overcrowded due to the
The main idea that Marc Mauer was discussing during his lecture was about the American prison system needs to be fix. America has the largest prisoner population in a develop country. The main issue is that people of color has a greater chance to be in jail because the environment they were raised in. Some people of higher class have the income to help them not receive any sentences while a person of color may have a greater chance to go to jail due to the lack of access of resources. People who are send to jail they receive a harsh prison sentence because some places have a three strike system.
Other factors that lead to an increase in prison population were the Justice Model, the “war on drugs”, “three strikes and you’re out” laws, and get tough legislation. These factors led to an inflation in the prison population, and an increase in the amount of parole violators put back in prison. 2. Today’s inmates do not have the same characteristics or backgrounds. Today’s inmate population is comprised of 93% male and 7% female.
Once outlawed in the beginning of the 20th Century Vickers (1991), private corporations have made a come back with possessing and operating prisons for profit. Privatization is a controversial issue that can be dated all the way back to the days of the civil war. The corrections industry analyzes its re-appearance today amidst globalization and the most impressive growth of prisons in all of modern history, painting an analyzable portrait of what few are calling the "prison industrial complex." Whenever a state wanted to build a new prison, they traditionally would ask the voters to approve the cost through a bond issue. But, voters throughout the country began to say no.
One theory that can explain the topic of Mass Incarceration is that people are being sent to jail more and more for a longer period of time. Also, there is an obvious and high rate imprisonment within the community of color. For many years we have been told that the number one reason for increasing rates of incarceration is due to the war on drugs but in recent years we are learning through statistics that it not just drugs. Legislating has passed many new and tougher sentencing laws over the past 35 years. To explain prison growth, in state prisons 90 percent of prisoners only about 17 percent of incarcerated are due to drug offenses.
This is ensuing to prisoners being sent to prisons that are a long way from their homes, henceforth upsetting the visits, one example of unofficial actors. According to Rebekah Stratton (2004), in 2011, Governor Jerry Brown introduced a plan that helped California prisons, reduction the prison population, by relocating prisoners with non-violent charges to county jails and probation center. Official actors, The New York State Department of Corrections and Community Supervision such fellow Governor of California, Jerry Brown policy in order to tackle this overcrowding problem, the current policy are not effective, cause each year, “a large number of people wind up in prison without being prosecuted for a long periods of time” (Aborn & Cannon, 2013). In the event that the person can 't afford the cost of bail, the person may invest months in detention while his or her case is pending. As agreed by Aborn & Cannon (2013), “10 to 40 percent of the entire incarcerated population is behind bars without a conviction in most countries in the Americas”.
The Impact of Privatization on Prison Quality Crime policies adopted in the US since the 1980s as well as federal and state budget constraints have facilitated a crisis in the nation’s prisons. Campaigns like The War on Drugs, harsher sentencing policies, and the adoption of mandatory minimum sentences have resulted in overcrowding of the country’s prison system. The need for managing the rapid growth in prison population has driven the government to look for efficient alternatives to provide correctional services without increasing public spending, including the privatization of penitentiaries. Proponents of privatized prisons have long claimed that the private sector could operate prisons more efficiently. Subsequently, the US Government
Introduction Incarceration is a growing problem in the United States. Overall, the prison capacity has increased due to the frequency of custodial punishment, longer sentences, and high recidivism rates, which leaves approximately 60% of the prisons at maximum capacity (Ginn, 2012). This environment presents challenges for security as well as for prison healthcare practitioners. Since security is the major concern in these prison facilities, healthcare is a subsequent interest. However, if competent healthcare is not available to inmates, they don’t have the luxury to find another source to treat their health concerns.