However, the minor populations of patients have severe infection of acne vulgaris. There are many factors which may lead to occurrence of acne vulgaris. The most important factor regarding appearance of acne vulgaris is known as genetic predisposition which is accompanied by deep hormonal changes. The prevalence of acne vulgaris in Dark skin/black people, the Mediterranean region people, the Caspian Sea region and the Persian Gulf region people is higher than other regions. Moreover, young boys (male teenagers) and adult women are the main target for acne vulgaris.
It is interesting to note that most of the factors associated with Fournier’s gangrene such as diabetes, colorectal and urogenital diseases, occur in later life. Some have proposed poor socioeconomic conditions and alcoholism as contributory factors. – Regarding social class, Fournier’s gangrene occurs in affluent as well as poor communities as evidenced by many case reports from affluent areas of the USA and Europe. RELEVANT ANATOMY : The complex anatomy of the male external genitalia helps in the initiation and progression of the disease process. It involves the superficial and deep fascial planes of the genitalia.
Clostridium difficile, also referred to as C. diff, is a bacterium that is known to cause mild to severe diarrhea and can lead to severe inflammation of the colon (Government of Canada, 2014). C. diff contains spores that are found in fecal matter. Through encountering a surface containing contaminants such as feces, puts a person at risk for the later development of diseases such as c. diff. This bacterium can also be spread through contact from healthcare workers that have not followed correct cleansing routines such as but not limited to hand washing. High dosages or extended usage of antibiotics can also increase the chances of developing C. diff (Government of Canada, 2014).
Common risk factors associated with arteriogenic dysfunction include diabetes mellitus , pelvic trauma , hypertension , nicotine and hyperlipidemia. Long distance cycling has been found to be a risk factor for vasculogenic and neurogenic erectile dysfunction. In some reports , diabetic men have been seen to have a greater incidence of fibrotic lesions of cavernous artery with intimal proliferation , calcification and luminal stenosis. Smoking tobacco or other forms of nicotine based products affects erectile function by retarding the arterial flow to the penis and also blocks relaxation of corporeal smooth muscle relaxation. This results in the prevention of normal venous occlusion.
OSA risk factors Anyone can have sleep apnea, from young children to individuals over 70. Typically, OSA is found more in men, but there are many risk factors that increase ones’ chances of having the sleep syndrome. Snoring, obesity, genetics, and medical abnormalities have shown potential for predicting the occurrence of OSA in all ages ranges. Snoring has been an unofficial critical marker of OSA because its presence signals a possible problem with air movement to and from the lungs. Snoring affects both the sufferers and their partners, who become almost responsible for ensuring the issue becomes addressed as a medical problem.
They occur when the bacterium known as Escherichia coli (E Coli) is present in the urinary tract. The introduction of the E Coli bacterium into the bladder is generally through the urethra. The bacterium travels up the urethra and causes the bladder to swell. The two infections result from the same bacterium, but they have different effects on the body. The symptoms, mode of treatment, the tests carried out and the affected areas differ for the two urinary tract infections.
• Strictures. • Trauma to the ureters or urethra. • Chronic infection causing renal damage. • Incontinence. Types of Urinary Diversion: o Cutaneous Urinary Diversion: It involves connecting the ureters to a part of the intestine that drains out in the abdominal wall.
A group of adjacent furuncles with subcutaneous involvement and multiple discharging sinuses is seen in a carbuncle. Causes Folliculitis is caused by introduction of a skin pathogen to a hair follicle causing damage due to invasion mainly by Staphylococcus species. Pseudomonas species are also known to be associated with skin infections. Folliculitis can be caused by bacteria, virus, fungus
The lower tract consists of the bladder, whereas the upper tract is the ureter, renal pelvis, and interstitium. Acute cystitis is bladder inflammation and is the usual site of UTIs. Bacteria, fungus, and parasites may cause infections, however, acute cystitis is typically caused by Escherichia coli (E. coli) or Staphylococcus
A Urinalysis can also be used to see if you are effected by the disease. So what exactly is rhabdomyolysis? It is an imbalance in the muscle that happens when the muscle tissue of an affected area breaks down quickly, which can release its toxins into your blood stream. This can be caused by a hard hit to a muscle, causing muscle injury, as well as from the use of certain narcotics and even severe dehydration (Cervellin 2010). As learned in the course muscles are composed of sarcolemma which is the membrane that is composed of many Na+, K+ and Na+, CA+ channels that when a muscle is injured , stop functioning
The adrenal glands are located on top of the kidney and consist of the adrenal cortex and the adrenal medulla. Each conducts a different function. The adrenal cortex is the outer portion of the adrenal gland and produces steroids such as aldosterone which reabsorbs sodium and releases potassium. The adrenal cortex is vital to sustain life. The adrenal medulla is the inner part of the adrenal gland and produces adrenaline hormones such as norepinephrine and epinephrine that are used in sudden stress
There was a high probability the bacterial infection could have been necrotizing fasciitis due to the overlapping signs and symptoms of both infections. Both of these bacterial infections can be caused by a Gram-positive bacteria called Clostridium perfringens and the portal of entry for this endospore is through breaks in the skin that will infect the tissue. Necrotizing fasciitis causes intense pain and swelling at the site of infection. Discoloration of the skin along with hot to the tough, fever, nausea, malaise and other flulike symptoms. Patients normally have extremely low blood pressure which results in confusion.