Studies show that social support is a critical factor in the recovery of sexual abuse survivors (Tyler, 2002), and it can buffer the development of PTSD, especially when it enhances self-esteem (Hyman, Gold & Cott, 2003). Mason et al. (2009) examined the relationship between social support and the risk of sexual assault re-victimization. Re-victimized survivors received less emotional support and more blame than survivors who were not re-victimized, highlighting the importance of social support to recovery and the role of social support as a protective factor against future assaults. Furthermore, two prospective studies have shown that positive social support predicts lower subsequent PTSD avoidance symptoms (Dalgleish et al.
Given these findings, the authors believe that more effort is needed to educate athletes, coaches, and injury treatment professionals about the beneficial effects of mental skills, and how they could be incorporated into rehabilitation programs. Sport psychology professionals can play a significant role in education and treatment of athletes. Practical ways in which mental techniques can be integrated into rehabilitation should be examined and tested in the field. Additionally, since athletic trainers and physiotherapists are in a unique position to teach mental skills to athletes during injury rehabilitation, it becomes even more imperative that these professionals receive training on the basic principles of sport psychology and how best to implement mental skills to injured athletes. (Arvinen-Barrow, 2015) According to Potgieter (2006), there are several guidelines for practicing imagery: believe in the process, practice regularly, seek a relaxed and quiet atmosphere, use all the senses, maintain a real life tempo, imagine a specific venue, imagine from an internal and external perspective, be realistic and positive, imagine with purpose and know when to use imagery.
He will assist and implement realistic action steps for his clients. Some individuals are trapped in a crisis situation and do not know how to overcome it. To help clients pass through their current crisis, a Crisis Interventionist guides them through their intense feelings by providing an attachment in reality and provides support. It is important for a Crisis Interventionist to engage in active listening and avoid asking “why” questions as these may imply blaming or accusing a client. Crisis interventionist may conduct assessments or refer clients to a medical doctor or psychiatrist if he feels that their symptoms are treatable and may need medical assistance.
The TC (therapeutic community) model also allows everyone to work together to help each other. It allows members of the centre to develop a strong bond with each other that will be necessary for them to recovery from substance abuse. Not only will they aid and
Scientists found out that natural disasters affect human performance. They showed that after an earthquake, people started to get more depressed, stressed and anxious, causing the traffic fatalities to increase a lot, leading to more deaths in that area. Also, the Pompeii volcano in the year 79 that left more than 25,000 people buried in ashes. That natural disaster almost destroyed all the population in Italy, but somewhere able to survive and escape. "Scientists estimate that more than 260,000 people have died in the past 300 years from volcanic eruptions and their aftermath” (Natural Disasters & Weather).
We must ask, why is it important to provide a patient with psychosocial support? As doctors, is our responsibility solely to the biological needs of the patient, or does our responsibility extend further than this? Substantial evidence has demonstrated that psychosocial factors affect the onset and course of almost all chronic illnesses. Psychological, behavioural and social factors interact with disease processes in the development and course of physical disorders, and they also have a substantial effect on consultations and treatment-compliance. Therefore, in treating a disease, we cannot deny the importance of also providing a patient with psychosocial support.
Psychological needs of the patient and their families are met. For example, caregivers cope better as they know how to care correctly for the patient. They can contribute meaningfully to their loved ones in the last days of their lives, instead of unable to help and feeling hopeless day by day. This can aid them psychologically because they are in control of the situation and feel empowered. This change allows the caregiver to be receptive about the patient’s condition and cope better with death.
A natural disaster causes damage to infrastructure and the environment and destroy the homes of many people including families. A man-made disaster can also cause damage to infrastructure and the environment. However, leadership and guidance is provided in humanitarian assistance for disaster relief. There are times when providing humanitarian assistance becomes increasingly difficult. Until help arrives the refugees will have to survive on their
In the last 25 years, natural disasters have affected about 217 million people every year, and about 300 million people in places around the world experience daily violence and political strife. The immediate and longer-term effects of these disruptions on large populations constitute humanitarian crises. In recent decades, public health interventions in the humanitarian response have made gains in the equity and quality of emergency assistance. With these crisis on the rise, emergency management is more important than ever. A natural disaster or an outbreak of war or violence can turn lives upside down in an instant, killing or driving millions of people from their homes and devastating communities.
Other studies have been conducted studying one variable like floods or fire focusing mostly on communities living in the informal settlements. These studies have concluded that in the event of any disaster the communities especially the poor communities suffer the greatest impact, most therefore strategies like intensive training should be done so that they (communities) are empowered to prevent disasters before they occur. “……..Disasters have inflicted a huge cost on human, materials and physical resources, and degradation to the environment. Furthermore, disasters have negative physical impacts (which include casualties and property damage) and social impacts (which include psycho-social, socio-demographic, socioeconomic, and socio-political). A study review of literature has revealed that the development of disaster risk management strategies ought to be undertaken before the event strikes.