The age of a strike in the UAE is around ten to fifteen years earlier than the international average, this replicates the lack of consciousness in the society about the risk factors of cardiovascular diseases such as smoking. One of the few countries who have released smoke free laws is England. This law was released on July 1st, 2007 and it bans smokers from publicly smoking anywhere in the country. Professor Linda Bauld from the University of Stirling and the United Kingdom Centre for Tobacco Control Studies describes the outcome of the law as remarkably positive, and it showed a 71% decline in the second-hand smoking of children. Most children are very sensitive which is what leads their body to immediately react after inhaling second-hand smoke.
Quitting before the age of 35 lowers morbidity and mortality risk by over 90%, whilst cessation at any age brings benefits. After 10 years without smoking the risk of contracting lung cancer drops to half of someone who continues to smoke and after 15 years the risk of heart attack decreases to the same as someone who never smoked. Yet quitting remains difficult. 80% of those who quit without some form of aid fail within one month and only 3% succeed each year. Against this backdrop, a new form of nicotine delivery device is gaining traction.
The drinking age is saving lives, why would we change it? Drunk driving has decreased over the years and became less of a problem. “Laws making it illegal for someone under age 21 to purchase or possess alcohol have led to an 11 percent drop in alcohol-related traffic deaths among youth. From 1988 to 1995, alcohol-related traffic fatalities for youth ages 15 to 20 fell by 47 percent” (Degutis 3). Since the minimum legal drinking age was changed to 21, the results of drunk driving have lessen.
The RIS provides the overall analysis of appropriate options to address the health problems resulted by the tobacco products. Smoking is the biggest cause of preventable death and disease in New Zealand, with approximately 5000 deaths each year from smoking or exposure to second-hand smoking. The specific policy objective of this RIS is to prevent tobacco promotion in order to decrease the attractiveness of smoking, especially for young people, increase the effectiveness of health warning messages and improve population
Although many people assume that health issues can only affect smokers, that is completely false. Smoking has many of the same effects on nonsmokers as it does on nonsmokers. “In 2004, children accounted for 31% of the 600 000 premature deaths attributable to secondhand smoke.” (“Why Is Smoking an Issue”) “Secondhand smoke is known to cause cancer. It has more than 7,000 chemicals, including at least 70 that can cause cancer. SHS causes lung cancer – even in people who have never smoked.” (“Health Risks”) “In adults, second-hand smoke causes serious cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, including coronary heart disease and lung cancer.
There still have a chance to suffer the cancer from using the smokeless tobacco. The smokeless tobacco products have twenty-eight cancer-causing substances. And as time goes by, these substances will increase the risk of carcinoma of mouth and throat cancer. Every year, there are about 8,000 smokeless users died because of these diseases. Furthermore, only half of them live more than 5 years after they were diagnosed carcinoma of mouth and throat cancer.
“By 2015, tobacco is projected to be responsible for 10% of all deaths worldwide and is projected to kill 50% more people than HIV/AIDS.” – states International Journal of Mental Health. The nicotine alone inhaled in cigarette smoke has little effect in causing any damage, but addiction to nicotine causes continues to use, which is the direct or indirect cause. Nicotine addiction occurs when a smoker relies on the effects of smoking to improve their mood or to relieve withdrawal effects. Smoking is an extremely powerful form of drug delivery. With seconds inhaled is absorbed thought the lungs straight to brain.
With the use of underage drinking laws and tobacco taxation, the number of underage drinkers and smokers has dropped. In 1991, there were almost 33% underage drinkers; in 2011, the percentage fell to almost 25 (New York Times, 2014). Legalization of marijuana in Colorado has led to initiatives that combat the usage of marijuana in teens and it is starting to show some positive results in curbing underage abuse of marijuana. Marijuana falls in a similar category like alcohol and tobacco because these drugs are not represented as gateway drugs and marijuana can be added to the
The one-child policy forces the families to have just one child for the rest of their life and in this way, China had the ability to control its huge population. (Hays, 2008) When the policy first applied, it helped to decrease the population growth down to 1.3 million and the most changes in the birth rates were between 1970 and 1980 when the rate of birth dropped from 44 per 1000 to 18 per 1000 and it prevented around 300 million births. In addition, the policy was one of the reason of china’s economy growth and that increased the standard living in
Are you tired of your family or friends smoking cigarettes? Traditional cigarette smoking is responsible for over 480,000 deaths per year. Cigarettes are an unhealthy, tar producing product that needs to be replaced with something healthier. The FDA should advertise E-Cigarettes so that more traditional smokers can start using a healthier and safer method of smoking. In the article “E-Cigarettes: Good news, Bad news” by John Ross he states, “For people who are currently addicted to cigarettes, e-cigarettes provide a less dangerous nicotine source, without exposure to tar or most of the poisonous gases in cigarette smoke.
Scientists have already figured out lung cancer is caused by smoking, yet people continue to smoke. David Chan goes on to add that if the world stops smoking “that death rate will drop by 85 percent” (Chan 2). This statistic means if everyone quits smoking, death from lung cancer will drop exponentially. That is why prevention is a major key in solving the cancer
Recent reforms can curb the opioid epidemic. Yes, health care professionals have realized the complex problem and they now understand the problem and what needs to be done. According to CQ Researcher, “Experts see some progress in the fight against opioid painkiller abuse. After peaking in 2012, the number of prescriptions written for opioids declined 12 percent between 2013 and 2015, according to IMS Health, a market research company. Symphony Health Solutions, a data company that studies the pharmaceutical industry, found an 18 percent drop in that period.” One reason there is potential to curb the epidemic is a change in the way doctors think.
Does it address a demand or access issues? Increasing the minimum age of tobacco products will lead to reductions in both smoking prevalence and cigarette consumption among smokers, especially among adolescents and young adults. Access will be decreased to minors and 18-20 year olds who already smoke have to be forced to quit. In all likelihood, the majority of this population would attempt to purchase tobacco products illegally through retailer or black market channel (SB-151 Tobacco Products, n.d.). These access issues align with the goals of this legislation by decreasing accessibility to this target population.
INTRO: Air pollution is a worldwide human health risk that affects people of all social classes. The most polluted cities can be found in developed countries such as the United States, China, and the UK. Although air pollution can be the result of natural phenomena such as volcanoes and storms, much of today’s issues stem from anthropogenic i.e. human, causes. Houston, Texas is one of the largest cities in the United States and, unfortunately, the quality of their atmosphere reflects the city’s expansive area, many shipping ports, chemical plants, and high traffic.