First, in A Model of Christian Charity, John Winthrop wrote that Massachusetts had to be a perfect colony. He said, “We will be as a city upon a hill. The eyes of all people are upon us…”.(Doc. A). This meant that Massachusetts had to exemplify the perfect religious colony of Puritanism that will look up to at set a perfect example.
In the mid-1600s, the New England Puritans had a vision: they were to create the perfect Christian church and settlement, one that was made according to their interpretation of the original church Jesus had visualized. They were a very religious group and wanted to build a place of refuge for themselves. Unlike the colonist of the Chesapeake Bay colonies, they did not immigrate to make a fortune. The main reason the Puritans traveled to America was because they wanted to build a “City Upon a Hill”, since they were persecuted in England for their beliefs. From the 1630s to the 1660s, the Puritan’s beliefs greatly influenced the political, economical, and social development of the New England colonies.
Moreover, he uses pathos because the puritans basically based their society on faith, they reached their emotional level because the puritans god was a vengeful god and they feared him. He tries to convince puritans to be a good example, and desires other towns to look upon theirs as an idolatry Puritan community. He uses persuasive diction and figures of speech to reinforce his idea of a “city upon a hill”, which is having absolute unity and conformity in able for the colony to prosper. Finally, in Patrick Henry speech, “Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death!”
Puritans are Europeans who escaped religious persecution from the Church of England. The Puritans age likely varies from children to adults. However, it’s apparent that Winthrop is appealing more towards Puritan males to create their ideal utopia. Winthrop evokes God to entice the colonist to fruitfully colonize the land. He uses nationalism, religion, and imagery to entice the colonist into creating a bountiful colony.
The New Englanders took religion seriously, making unitary laws according to Puritan standards. John Winthrop, later chosen as the first Massachusetts Bay Colony governor, was seeking religious freedom. Wishing to inspire the colonists to dwell in brotherly unity, he summoned them together to remind them “that if we [colonists] shall deal falsely with our God in this work we have undertaken, and so cause Him to withdraw His present help from us, we shall be made a story and a by-word through the world.” On the other hand, those in the Chesapeake region came for the wealth that America promised. They were there to become prosperous or die trying.
In Arthur Miller’s The Crucible, the townsfolk of Salem, Massachusetts are used to illustrate the religious beliefs and morals derived from the heavily practiced Puritanism. Puritanism centralizes on the belief that God and His worshippers have formed a sacred covenant, therefore, Puritans must always serve God justly to ensure His protection. Authors throughout history have inscribed various accounts of Puritans upholding their covenants with God, which include: encouraging separation between the rich and the poor, establishing dominance over easy targets, and exiling or correcting sinners. John Winthrop delves celebrates into the accepted inequality between Puritans in A Model Of Christian Clarity, William Bradford considers the Native Americans solely as instruments of God in The History of Plymouth Plantation, and witchcraft accusations fly Cotton Mather’s description of the want to remove the devil from New England inin Cotton Mather’s The Wonders of the Invisible World.
One of the more successful utopian experiments, yet unable to survive on its own for very long, is the Massachusetts Bay Colony. This colony was also founded by Puritans seeking a better religious environment, but they believed they could reform the Anglican Church, rather than create a new church. The first governor of the colony, John Winthrop, said to the settlers, “we shall be as a City upon a Hill, the eyes of all people are upon us” and told the people that everything shall be held in common and all the people must do what God
The American Enlightenment brought much impact on colonial society in America on political ideas of colonists to receive independence from Great Britain. John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau had beliefs that individuals deserve freedom and human rights to life, liberty, and property. People deserve to have their own opinion, natural rights, and decisions. “The Enlightenment was a progress with the people in the Western world thought about themselves and the societies in which they lived.” (Schultz, p. 69, 2009)
Puritans believed that church members should be more involved in church matters, and Catholics gave the church hierarchy, which were Priests and the Pope, the majority of the power to make decisions for the church (“Pilgrims”). Puritan churches were very basic and simple compared to Catholic churches because they aspired to be as “pure” as possible (Lowance). To uphold the simplicity, they were also against the use of stained glass windows, stone altars, candles, statues and other images that were common in Catholic churches (“Pilgrims”). Along with the simplicity in the churches, Puritans also simplified the teachings by only enforcing two of the seven very strict sacraments that the Catholic church practices; baptism and the celebration of the Lord's Supper ( “Puritanism”). They refused to make the sign of the cross, or kneel during the service along with other Catholic protocols because they believed the Bible did not command them to do so, so they should not do so (“Puritanism”).
Shaffer 1 Aaron Shaffer Ms. Gillam English 1 24, March 2016 Religious beliefs of the Elizabethan Era This paper will introduce you into the religion and struggles of the Elizabethan Era. The main two religions in the Elizabethan Era is Catholic and Protestants. Catholics were more favored because it's the main religion in England at the time.
Jefferson is also once again seen as a contributor of this idea in his writing of the Declaration of Independence stating “all men are created equal.” Differences between the colonies and Europe on this idea were completely different in that the Kings and Monarchy used Christian doctorines to sustain their rule over their kingdoms. The third idea was that central government threatened polity and that a central government possessed too much power over man and many patriots rejected that notion and believed in a divided government unlike old European ways where there political theory was that god entitled political sovereignty to the Monarch’s rule. The fourth point that both deist and evangelicals believed was a cause of the revolution was the lack of virtue the English Government had shown.
Evidence shows that the Puritans had politically influenced their colonies with their religious values. In the New World, a group of Puritans established the Massachusetts Bay Colony. There, the Puritans would create a government that would revolve around their covenant with God. On the way to the New World, John Winthrop, governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, led a sermon, titled “A Model of Christian Charity”, about Puritan ideals (Winthrop). As well as determining Puritan ideals, the sermon urges colonists to unite as a “city on a hill” for others to look up to (Winthrop).
Religion influence the funding and development of New England Colonies because it was one of the main reasons why the people wanted to break away. The Church of England believed that everyone should praise God, but only on their terms. The people of the church believed that only certain people could interpret the word of God and this made a group of people angry. This group of people wanted to ‘purify’ the church, which is where they got the name the Puritans. Puritans believed all catholic based beliefs should be taken out of the church and that it was not required to worship God.
The Puritans in the 1600s had a very important influence in the development of the New England colonies through the 1660s their ideas, values; political, economic and social development would have a lasting effect on the region. The values of the Puritans were greatly rooted in the idea that man was evil and that God alone would save us. By creating this town upon the hill God will reward them for their efforts for trying to reform the Anglican Church. Politically the Puritans were a semi-theocracy that would only allow those who were part of the church to vote. Economically they brought a lasting effect based on their hard work ethic.
Freedom to Prosecute Religion Colonial America is often thought of as a safe haven from religious persecution. Future colonists had been persecuted for not accepting their countries ' religious doctrine and were willing to travel long distances in search of religious freedom. Religious freedom would still be far from grasp as Puritans would continue their homelands traditions of persecution for many more years. Puritans, unlike the Pilgrims (who sought to completely separate from the Church of England), wanted to purify the Church.