Clostridium difficile, also referred to as C. diff, is a bacterium that is known to cause mild to severe diarrhea and can lead to severe inflammation of the colon (Government of Canada, 2014). C. diff contains spores that are found in fecal matter. Through encountering a surface containing contaminants such as feces, puts a person at risk for the later development of diseases such as c. diff. This bacterium can also be spread through contact from healthcare workers that have not followed correct cleansing routines such as but not limited to hand washing. High dosages or extended usage of antibiotics can also increase the chances of developing C. diff (Government of Canada, 2014).
The absolute most normal causes include: • Inward breath or ingestion of micro-organisms that make bothering the sinuses and influence the invulnerable framework. • Bacterial development in the sinuses because of blockages and bodily fluid development. The cilia of the sinus layers are not ready to work appropriately because of bacterial action, and this causes swelling of the films. • At the point when allergens enter the aviation routes, they can aggravate the sinus films and prompt swelling and irritation. Some normal allergens incorporate dust, and dirt • Viral diseases can influence the cilia and cause an amassing of bodily fluid in the sinus depressions.
The bacterial toxins can damage milk secreting tissue and other such ducts and sometimes-permanent damage can occur. Mastitis can be caused by a number of different bacteria including Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus uberis, Escherichia coli and Enterobacter aerogenes. The most common bacteria causing mastitis in Ireland are Staphaureus, Strepuberis, and E. coli. Mastitis is a difficult problem because
There are many physical effects of TB such as heart disorders. In addition, tuberculosis affects the tissues that surround the heart. Also, joint damage is another serious effect of tuberculosis, and the patients with this effect have many problems in the hips and knees. Moreover, TB has a secondary effect that is related to the treatments. The TB treatments such as drugs stop the spread of TB germs, but the treatments have dangerous side effects, which are permanent.
One of the complications of mononucleosis is a ruptured spleen. A ruptured spleen will cause sharp sudden pain in the left side. It is important to seek medical attention immediately because there is a chance that the person will need surgery. Other complications are hepatitis, jaundice, and more rarely anemia, heart issues, swollen tonsils blocking breathing and nervous system complications. Mononucleosis can be a life threatening illness for individuals with impaired immune
Strep Throat is an infectious bacterial disease that is contagious and is caused by the inflammation and swelling in the lining of the mucus membranes in the back of the throat and the tonsils. The throat gets a burning sensation and a severe irritation, causing a sudden, severe sore throat. Strep throat generally affects the throat and tonsils and makes swallowing hard. Sometimes a sore throat is mistaken for strep throat. Sore throats are mostly caused by a viral infection and not the streptococcal bacteria.
The symptoms, mode of treatment, the tests carried out and the affected areas differ for the two urinary tract infections. Cystitis affects the bladder while pyelonephritis the bacterium travels and affects the kidneys. Pyelonephritis affects either one or the two kidneys and its symptoms are high body temperatures, vomiting, back and groin pain, nausea and the patients urinate regularly accompanied with excruciating pain (The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney disease 2012). The symptoms presented in Cystitis are a persistent urge to urinate, pain in the lower abdomen, a burning sensation when urinating, the presence of blood in the urine and cloudy
In all areas of healthcare, particularly in acute care settings, patients may be unable to care for their nutritional and/or hygienic needs properly. One area that is especially important to address is the perineal care of patients who are incapacitated, or otherwise unable to care for their hygienic needs independently. Normal bacterial flora can develop into an opportunistic infection if the bacteria reaches certain areas of the body. For example, a common cause of urinary tract infections (UTI) is due to Escherichia coli from the colon coming into contact with the urethra (Copstead & Banasik, 2013). If the patient is immunocompromised, elderly, sedentary, or otherwise compromised in their abilities to void, this can predispose the patient
Flood waters commonly contain high levels of bacteria. Small depressions filled with flood water provide an excellent breeding ground for bacteria. Whenever a well is inundated by flood waters or surface runoff, bacterial contamination is likely. Shallow wells and wells that do not have water-tight casings can be contaminated by bacteria infiltrating with the water through the soil near the well, especially in coarse-textured soils. Older water systems, especially, dug wells, spring-fed systems, and cistern-type systems are most vulnerable to bacterial contamination.
Necrotizing Fasciitis also known as flesh eating bacterial infection is a rapidly progressing fleshing eating disease which destroy muscle, fat and skin tissue. Flesh eating bacteria release toxin and destroy the surrounded tissue. This infection occurs in people with compromised immune system. The bacterias that caused this infection are Streptococcus pyogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, Vibrio vulnificus, Clostridium perfringens, Bacteroides fragilis, Aeromonas hydrophila. The infection usually begins locally by a trauma that allows the bacteria to enter the body.
A Urinalysis can also be used to see if you are effected by the disease. So what exactly is rhabdomyolysis? It is an imbalance in the muscle that happens when the muscle tissue of an affected area breaks down quickly, which can release its toxins into your blood stream. This can be caused by a hard hit to a muscle, causing muscle injury, as well as from the use of certain narcotics and even severe dehydration (Cervellin 2010). As learned in the course muscles are composed of sarcolemma which is the membrane that is composed of many Na+, K+ and Na+, CA+ channels that when a muscle is injured , stop functioning
Bile is handled improperly and thus begins to circulate in the bloodstream, causing the skin color to change to yellow. • Cirrhosis: A progressive chronic inflammation of the liver that typically results from severe chronic hepatitis or chronic alcoholism. • Ascites: Abnormal accumulation of fluid within the peritoneal cavity; is excessive, causes visible
The lower tract consists of the bladder, whereas the upper tract is the ureter, renal pelvis, and interstitium. Acute cystitis is bladder inflammation and is the usual site of UTIs. Bacteria, fungus, and parasites may cause infections, however, acute cystitis is typically caused by Escherichia coli (E. coli) or Staphylococcus