To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee incorporates a sufficient number of racial concerns which took place long before the author's story rises and remained for a long time after. It is vital to mention that Lee in her novel exposes multiple layers of prejudice and in order to comprehensively understand them all, it is necessary for the reader to learn the complicated account of the past events related to the race relations in the South. Concretely, the cases of Jim Crow laws and Scottsboro trials. The main purpose of the essay is to provide an evidence concerning the influence of aforementioned examples on the plot development in To Kill a Mockingbird. To begin with, it is important to explain the nature of Jim Crow laws.
A black man winning a trial over a white man was unheard of. In To Kill a Mockingbird, Harper Lee illustrates the difficulties of being a black man on trial. Tom Robinson, a black man, is on trial for a crime that he did not commit. Atticus Finch, Tom’s lawyer and the father of Jem and Scout, attempts to overcome the barriers of racism and keep an innocent man from being found guilty. In her novel, To Kill a Mockingbird, Harper Lee uses the symbolic significance of the snowman and fire, the mad
In the article Scottsboro Boys and “To Kill a Mockingbird”: Two Trials for the Classroom it stated that, “The lessons of the infamous 1930s Scottsboro Boys case in which two young white women wrongfully accused nine African American youths of rape illustrate through fact what Harper Lee tried to instruct through her fiction.”This quote shows that black people were always accused from white people and the judge will always believe the white race. Also in the article “To Kill a Mockingbird”: Two Trials for the Classroom it stated that, “Both historical and fictional trials express the courage required to stand up for the Constitutional principle providing for equal justice to all under the law.” This quote shows that people should get equal rights to make them feel they are equal for
Although the novel, To Kill a Mockingbird, took place in the 1930s, it ties closely into the Civil Rights Movement. This novel displayed the obvious superiority whites had over blacks. It took place during a time when colored people faced discrimination, prejudice, and racism. When the book was published in the 1960s, it made whites furious, resulting in a lot of controversy. Harper Lee had a goal when writing, she wanted to show the relation between actual events that happened during the civil rights and incorporate it into her own novel to show how cruel colored people were treated, specifically when whites accused blacks of doing sinful acts.
Martin Luther King Jr exclaimed, “I have a dream that one day little black boys and girls will be holding hands with little white boys and girls.” In To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee, she uses the character of Scout as a narrator, to express the story of her father, Atticus Finch, who defended Tom Robinson in the small town of Maycomb, Alabama in the 1930s. During the course of the book, Scout and Jem, Scout’s brother, learn crucial lessons from her dad, such as understanding people’s point of view and innocence. Even though separation according to race is encountered in To Kill a Mockingbird, Harper Lee argues that race also shapes people’s language, their social relationships and social status, including their behavior between themselves. She wants to demonstrate that race also affects conduct between people. Harper Lee has depicted the separation between Caucasians and African-Americans in To Kill a Mockingbird by showcasing how White talk and African-American talk influences conduct between people of different races.
It portrays African American people as bystanders who do nothing and don’t speak up for themselves, which is something historically inaccurate. Not only were African Americans involved in Civil Rights, African Americans were the Civil Rights activists. To Kill a Mockingbird wrongfully ignores the brave and inspiring African American Civil Rights activists, such as Martin Luther King Jr. and Rosa Parks. The book almost “erases” history, and paints a false picture of the past by depicting a white savior. As Isaac Staney states in his article, “The Case Against To Kill a Mockingbird”, “...To Kill a Mockingbird gives no inkling of this mass protest and instead creates an indelible impression that the entire Black community existed in a complete state of paralysis.” The main metaphor of the book is that African Americans are similar to mockingbirds, but the way that Miss Maudie, Scout’s neighbor, describes mockingbirds paints African American people into something they’re not: “‘Mockingbirds don’t do one thing but make music for us to enjoy.
To Kill a Mockingbird has many themes that can affect and relate to any readers. Although the novel is around sixty years old, its important messages still impact readers today. The novel is based on the childhood memories of Harper Lee, the author, during the times of the Civil Rights. In To Kill a Mockingbird the main characters Scout, Jem, and Atticus are greatly affected by the racism going on around them and it shapes them to go against society 's norm, while also informing and inspiring all readers in a variety of ways. First, To Kill a Mockingbird is an informational novel, that could not had been so accurately written if the author, Harper Lee have not lived through those times herself.
In the novel To Kill a Mockingbird, Harper Lee describes a town in Alabama known as Maycomb. This town is where a trial is being held for a black man by the name of Tom Robinson who is accused of sexually assaulting a troubled young white women named Mayella Ewell. The trial results charge Robinson as guilty even though he was innocent beyond a reasonable doubt. Tom Robinson fell victim to the racist mindset of the white people of Maycomb. The novel To Kill a Mockingbird demonstrates how racial injustice has a lasting impact on an individual and his loved ones when Tom Robinson gets convicted of a heinous crime that he did not commit.
Racism in America Racism can be defined as a major problem in United States history, and can be dated back to the 1400’s. Racism can be viewed and defined in many ways, but most accurately is seen as the state of characterizing an individual based on his race, and or believing that one race is superior to another (Shah) . Racism is as big of a problem in the USA as anyone can think, starting way back to when the country had just began to form, when Europeans started settling into the 13 original colonies (Shah). Ever since then, it seems that the problem has only been on the rise, rather than the opposite. Racism has always been a major issue, although hundreds of years have passed since the birth of racism, the problem just seems to never go away.
‘To Kill a Mockingbird’, the classic novel by Harper Lee, is centered around the case of a black man being framed for raping a white woman. In the 1930s there was a similar case. The Scottsboro Boys were a group of nine black teenagers accused of raping two white woman on a train. Neither of these cases had any substantial evidence, but the men were still convicted based on the racial inequality of this time period. Although the Scottsboro case and the fictional Tom Robinson case are very similar, the one critical difference was the fate of each of the defendants as prompted by the community.