This was called as the Nagara style architecture. In central India, the Chandela rulers built a magnificent temple complex at Khajuraho. With the coming of the Muslim rulers, there developed a new architectural style in India- the Indo-Islamic architecture. The Indo-Islamic style was neither strictly Islamic nor strictly Hindu. The architecture of the medieval period can be divided into two main categories.
The first building analysed is the Mukteshvara temple was built between the years 950 and 975 in the sacred city of Bhubaneshwar. Bhubaneshwar is the artistic and religious capital of Orissa. Orissa has a great and valuable heritage of Indian temples in particular of northern-style temple architecture of which the Mukteshvara temple is an example. In this case the temple is dedicated to Siva. The second temple discussed is the Airavatesvara temple, which was built in the town of Darasuram in the 12th century.
Its construction was started in May 1671 by the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. It is situated in Lahore and is the second largest mosque in Pakistan. It is the fifth largest mosque in the world. It is Lahore’s major landmark and a great tourist attraction. It attracts a net total of more than 5, 00,000 tourists from all over the world.
The RM10 million cost temple was built to accommodate the growing numbers of devotees, especially during Thaipusam Celebrations. An architect from India, along with 19 temple builders and artisans, spent four years hand-sculpting the temple's designs on site. The outcome: a beautifully decorated prayer hall, and an intricate 7-storey main tower, almost identical to ancient temples in South India.Devotees and visitors need to climb over 500 steps to get to the temple, which makes the temple higher than the one in Batu Caves. Although this may sound like a daunting feat, the breathtaking view on top is worth the effort.Half way to the top, visitors will arrive at the old Lord Murugan temple, which was built in 1850. This is the former main venue for Thaipusam celebrations
Abode- Bhuloka Vaikuntam – the abode of Vishnu on earth. Type(vaidik) Form(Jagannath) 1. Auspicious time- Prathyusham puja — worship should start and finish before sunrise 2. Prathakala puja — worship should start after sunrise and finish before noon 3. Madhyahna puja — worship should start and finish at
In total it has 22 small domes which symbolize the 22 years of the construction of the Taj Mahal. Around the building is the large dome in the center is the Crown Palace. Surrounding the area there are four chhatris (dome-shaped pavilions which are commonly used in Indian architecture); and at the ends of the platform there are four minarets culminating in even smaller domes, these structures were built at an obtuse angle outward so that in case of an earthquake-- which are common in that region-- they do not fall on the main building. Geometry and symmetry are basic characteristics of Indian architecture and they are inserted into a unifying framework of the complex grounds of the Taj
The complex was Sinan's first important imperial assignment and eventually one of his most ambitious architectural works, even though it was designed early in his long career. Entrance of the mosque is a marble-paved colonnaded with an area equal to that of the mosque itself. The courtyard starts with a portico
The Taj Mahal, Shah Jahan's incredible showstopper, may contrast positively and Edwin Lutyens' royal residence in New Delhi, yet after the demise of Aurangzeb large portions of the Mughal landmarks disintegrated; it took an English emissary to protect some of them from desolation. The Mughals fizzled on the grounds that they made little, if any, push to drag India out of the Middle Ages. The Mughal realm, composes Abraham Eraly, "falled path behind Europe, behind even China, Japan and Persia. There was not really any energy in the economy, meager soul of big business among the general population. In farming, industry and exchange, Indian practices were old.
Architect Mr.Sabha says that he believes the growth of economy, increase in materialism and advanced technology in India mean, it will be very harder to build the iconic temple here now. Unfortunately, today it would be more complicated because India is moving forward just as same as United States moving forward. It is more commercial driven technology. Mr Sabha also says that “I think the more we become commercial and competitive and more materialistic, we lose some of qualities that built this building,” he added. He also added that this Lotus Temple is impossible to build in United States or Europe on that time.
One can take a walk around or a guided tour can be arranged by the ashram to explore the premises, and take a peek into the simple yet inspiring life of Mahatma Gandhi. Hridaykunj During his stay in Sabarmati, Gandhiji lived in a simple, small cottage, which is now called ‘Hridaykunj’. Visitors can find things and objects here that were used by Gandhiji, such as a writing desk and some of his letters, a khadi kurta and a yarn spun by him, etc. Gandhi Smarak Sangrahalay This is an important building which is a museum that was inaugurated by Jawaharlal Nehru in 1963. The places holds Gandhiji’s personal belongings that exhibit vivid and historic events of his life.