We get most concise understanding of what we read after reading. Why reading is important? Reading isn’t just about going from the beginning to the end of a written passage.rather we read to get the knowledge, to gain new vocabulary, to improve our understanding and also to spend leisure time. T Elements of reading Comprehension Reading comprehension has two elements that complete the process. Vocabulary konwledge.
Scanning requires quick eye movements by the reader, in which the eye hovers along the page searching for a specific piece of information. This process is used when only a specific piece of information is needed by the reader. It is not recommended to use this process when the reader requires complete understanding of the material. 4) Skimming According to Abby Marks Beale (2007), skimming is very helpful while reading long reports and articles, especially those which have to be read in a rush. The reader can read the first line of a paragraph, known as a topic sentence, through which he is able to get an idea of the whole paragraph.
Reading is useful for language acquisition. By reading students can enrich their new vocabulary. It also gives positive effect for their spelling, grammar and punctuation. Another advantage is reading text provides good models for English writing. Students can learn how they construct sentences, paragraphs, and whole text.
Reading is the act or skill of reading and Strategy is a plan of action made to reach a goal. Reading strategy is a decisive, intellectual action that an individual acquires when they are reading to help build and preserve meaning. There are two reading strategies that are used mostly in schools, colleges and technical institutions and are taught in communication and study skills course which is extensive reading and intensive reading. Extensive reading is the widening of knowledge of a pointed topic through large quantity reading. It is commonly used for knowing the country and the world as a whole which increases knowledge and widens our perspective though general understanding and pleasure.
Reading involves garnering knowledge, information and meaning from any literary text. Readers are encouraged to be active in constructing meaning while reading text. Thus, after reading has taken place, readers should have a clear understanding of what has been written and they will then be able to transfer information they need. However, many students still have challenges with comprehension; especially when they have to comprehend words, sentences or an entire text. If people do not understand what they read, it becomes a frustrating, pointless exercise in word calling.
2.2.5 The Nature of Reading Reading is described as the ability to make meaning from a written discourse. When one reads a written discourse, s/he considers the words are composed of graphemes, phonemes, and morphemes; sentences have syntactic composition, propositions, and stylistic features. In addition, deep comprehension of the sentences needs the construction of referents of nouns, a discourse focus, presuppositions, and plausible inferences. Reading without paying particular attentions to GLs may also be rather useful, but not totally. In short, the reader needs a lot of skills and a good deal of knowledge to recognize what is new information and what is already known in the text.
Processes involve decoding, working memory, inference-making, and comprehension monitoring. In contrast, knowledge factors include word meanings and domain knowledge related to the content of what is being read. These factors provide a framework for thinking about current trends in reading comprehension instructional research. Much of the research over the past several years has focused on the teaching of specific comprehension strategies that reflect those used by good readers (Pressley, 2000) and this continues to be an important focus for researchers. However, there is renewed interest in other aspects of reading comprehension.
These are the skills we must have in order enrich our minds with the different information, facts, ideas, concepts, formulas, etc… Able readers who are physiologically sufficient, cognitively sound and possessed the basic reading skills are also able to enhance their thinking skills. While we are reading our brain also perform its function to process all the information we are about to absorb, our brains in that case performs a very crucial role in the information process and knowledge acquisition. In that way reading can have a great impact to the development of our critical thinking skills. Reading is important to develop the mind. It enables us to understand the society where we belong, the history of our ancestors, the culture we have in the past, the formulas in solving equations, the meaning of a literary piece, the updates in the global world, the local issues we are facing right now and so
When readers are reading books, it require them to think and imagine about different details in the book such as characters and plot which helps them to improve their thinking process. Books tell the whole story which obliges readers to focus on what they are reading for long periods. It will improve their concentration, thinking abilities. Besides, when the reader gets used to commenting on the plot of a book with others, he can realize the power of reading more deeply. And in a way it can let their brain work fast and efficiently when they are in trouble or emergency .
There is various foundation knowledge presenting different definitions of reading and reading comprehension, types of reading, and reading strategies. Based on the related research studies, the researcher would list out some most distinguished ones and wish to pave the ways for further analyses in this paper. 2.1.1. Definition of reading and reading comprehension Definition of reading In the daily life, it takes everyone much time to read books, newspapers, novels or stories because they find them interesting and useful. When reading, they analyze the text, find its meaning, and give out meaningful conclusion.