The major objectives of this research were to examine the association between students’ thinking styles and the preferred learning environments constructed by teacher interpersonal behavior. Furthermore, this study aimed to examine the relationship between teachers’ thinking styles and the preferred learning environments constructed by teacher interpersonal behavior, investigate the effect of teachers’ interpersonal behavior on students’ thinking styles in learning, and study the contributions of students’ thinking styles to learning achievement. This study found that students’ and teachers’ thinking styles could predict the preferred learning environments constructed by teacher interpersonal behavior, the learning activities provided the opportunities to train students in the use of their teachers’ preferred thinking styles, students’ thinking styles and learning achievement were related. Furthermore, the results of this study showed that students ' thinking styles changed in all classes of experimental groups, with teachers ' teaching in teaching being the main factor
In accordance with Piaget’s theory, the learner interacts with objects and events available in the physical and social environment and therefore comprehends the objects or events using the process of assimilation, accommodation and equilibration. The learners, therefore, construct their own conceptualizations and use them to generate solutions to problems. This theory also suggests that humans create and construct knowledge as they try to bring meaning to their experiences. In the differentiated classroom, teachers should facilitate the learning process by organizing learning activities and using variety of aid material according to the level of students’ cognitive structure to enable them to construct knowledge through their
In the view to analyse the classroom interaction, it is important to identify the two ways interaction between the teachers and their students in the teaching and learning process. Based on the conceptual framework, the Classroom Discourse Analysis is constructed by using framework of teaching and pedagogical discourse which provides two insights; teachers’ practices and students’ practices. From the framework of teaching proposed by Danielson (2014), two domains will be selected to analyse the class talks. Firstly, creating an environment of respect and rapport will be discussed under the classroom environment domain. According to Danielson (2014), it is essential for teachers to establish a good relationship with their students.
Based on the assumptions of socio-constructivist theories of learning, educators attempted to re-conceptualize teaching as a profession (Murray, 1996), which might be facilitated via reflective teaching learning practices. According to these theories, teaching has to start in student teachers’ reflective learning practices at the teacher education (Ostorga, 2006). Learning at the teacher education, moreover, is promoted when teacher candidates are provided with multiple learning opportunities to apply what they have learnt in meaningful contexts (Edward et al, 2002; Merrill, 2002) through the applications and integrations of classroom knowledge with actual teaching practices. This has to be initiated and accomplished through exercising reflective
Pedagogy is important because it demonstrate how the teaching and learning occurs. Students must build up their own understandings through teachers’ and their own considered learning experiences. Teacher’s subject matter knowledge and pedagogical knowledge are vital to good teaching and student understanding (Buchmann, 1982, 1983; Tobin & Garnett, 1988). In Shulman's theoretical framework, teachers need to master two types of knowledge: content and knowledge of the curricular development. Teacher must integrate teaching strategies that will help students to assimilate knowledge such as supportive classroom environment, recognition of difference and connectedness to the wider world.
The process involves four major steps: attention, retention, reproduction, and motivation. In a classroom setting, students with externalizing behaviour observe their peers’ habits and can model those habits to reflect theirs. They also examine the effect of Observational Learning Theory and imply that social interaction as advocated by educational philosophers Piaget and Vygotsky assist students with externalizing behaviours not only learn from their peers but also, they can learn through interaction in the learning environment. They further suggest when students with externalizing behavior are given the opportunity to teach their fellow students they may acquire a sense of belonging, responsibility, and pride. Vygosky’s Zone of Proximal Development using principles of the guided learning theory asserts that students learn
Modeling, Coaching and Scaffolding are three major roles for facilitators to support students in constructivist learning environments. A constructivist classroom environment provides opportunities for students to question the material being presented and explore various topics as their interests. The aim is to produce a democratic classroom environment that provides meaningful learning experiences for autonomous learners. In a constructivist classroom, the teacher and the student share responsibility and decision making and demonstrate mutual respect. Teachers should be explaining, modeling, and using guided practice in the classroom.
(Ritualo, 2000). This work would serve educators, particularly in assessing students, Supervisors and Curriculum Planners to find understanding the outcome of assessment (traditional and authentic) on science appreciative and learning conclusions of scholars. Classroom assessment practices are based on teacher beliefs, training, knowledge and skills in educational assessment. Understanding teachers’ classroom assessment practices remains pivotal for informed educational decisions that can be made about students’ learning outcomes. The results of this study may provide valuable insights for understanding teachers’ classroom assessment practices and needs for teachers in and other parts of the world.
Situation Analysis Education is an illumination, fundamental, and an ability to meet life’s situation – a character building process, enhancing one's personality and making a person rational, capable, responsive and intelligent. Moreover, it empowers the various abilities, skills, competencies; and thus paves way for enhancing the quality of life. With these, a teacher has to face innumerable challenges and plays different roles in his/her institution (Mehta, 2013). However, education is a conversation where students and their teachers pose problems and solve problems together. It broadens the student’s view of reality that affects a change in the way that both students and their teachers perceive the world.
Qualitative data was collected through interviews, focus groups, student work, and a teacher research journal. After analyzing the data, it was revealed that multi-sensory education can lead to student motivation as well as provide an opportunity to use technology and make connections to the outside world. The findings of the study indicated that multi-sensory education can also help teachers to access students' needs and aid in fostering a positive classroom environment. Finally, using a teaching approach that targets the senses promotes the development of a student-centered classroom, and can encourage students, who may have been silent within traditional classroom to emerge and have a voice within the multi-sensory classroom. Teaching through multi-sensory approach has many implications for new teachers, such as this teacher researcher, who are seeking ways to actively and meaningfully engage students within the