In December 1863 Lincoln announced his Reconstruction Plan and decided that any state who seceded could be readmitted to the Union, but only if they accepted Presidential Decisions about slavery and took an oath of loyalty towards the Constitution. He also declared that once one tenth of voters had taken an oath, the state could elect new representatives to the Congress and begin a new government. The Plan was rejected by the Congress. After Lincoln 's death Vice-President Johnson became the President and was in charge of completing reconstruction. Johnson declared in December 1865 that every state whom agreed with the Thirteenth Amendment against slavery could join the Union.
A first effect of the Civil war were the new Amendments made in favor of African Americans. The first was the thirteenth Amendment. The emancipation proclamation that Lincoln had put in place only banned slavery out of his jurisdiction. After the Civil war however, the thirteenth Amendment abolished slavery and involuntary servitude -involuntary slavery- in U.S, except for a crime punishment. It was passed by the Senate on April 8, 1864, then by the House on January 31, 1865.
1. “How did Lincoln and Johnson each approach reconstruction?” Johnson did not have Lincoln’s moral sense and political judgement when it came to reconstruction. “As wartime president, Lincoln had offered amnesty to all but high-ranking Confederates” (464). Lincoln had proposed that when ten percent of a rebellious states voters had sworn loyalty (taken an oath), then the state would be restored to the Union as long as it had approved the thirteenth amendment to abolish slavery. Confederate states rejected Lincoln's offer, however Congress then proposed the Wade-Davis Bill, which Henretta refers to as a tougher substitute to Lincoln’s Ten Percent Plan.
During the Civil War each side had some advantages and disadvantages. Before the Civil War there was the election of 1860, President Lincoln was elected president. The south knew that Lincoln wanted to abolish slavery, so the south seceded from the union. Then there was the attack on Fort Sumter, and the war began. “The war that ensued started at Fort Sumter, South Carolina, on April 12, 1861, and lasted four years”(Confederate.., pg1).
The Emancipation Proclamation was issued by Abraham Lincoln on September 1862. It was to free all slaves in places where there was still a rebellion against the Union. In 1864, the amendment to abolish slavery was approved by the United States Senate but was declined in the House of Representative. In the election of 1864, Lincoln was elected again with the majority of Republicans in both houses. The amendment was sent again to the new congress.
The emancipation proclamation was one of the most earth-shattering events for slaves in America. President Abraham Lincoln began a long road to success to abolish slavery in the United States. The Emancipation Proclamation signed on January 1, 1862, did not free all slaves but only applied to the slaves that were in the South and placed not occupied by the federal military forces. The Border States such as Maryland, Kentucky, Delaware, and Missouri have not included Emancipation Proclamation. The order of the president was based on the constitutional authority of the president since the Congress did not pass the law (Carnahan, 2007).
Secede means to leave or withdraw from the union. During the mid 1850s the south wanted to secede from the union. Southern states wanted to secede from the union because President Lincoln was elected, Uncle Tom’s Cabin was published, and because slavery was the basis of their community. First the south wanted to leave the union because President Lincoln was elected. In document 5 it says “Free Speech, Free Homes, Free Territory”.
In 1827, Texas required that one tenth of any slaves inherited to be freed but also allowed slaves to be sold. Slavery led up to the Civil war many years after the Missouri Compromise and nearly split up the nation. President Abraham Lincoln announced his Emancipation Proclamation, which freed slaves, in 1863. Fortunately, slavery ended in 1865 with the ratification of the 13th
Roosevelt. The executive order that it enforced was executive order 8802 which prohibited discrimination within the defense industry. This order was created in response to outrage by African American leaders at the fact that African Americans, who were fighting, like anybody else, were forced into segregated units and still faced discrimination upon returning home. The defense industry refused to cooperate with the FEPC up until 1943 when FDR had the budget of the committee increased and replaced part time staff with full time staff around the country. The committee succeeded in allowing African Americans to assist in the war effort, but was dissolved in 1946 by a mostly southern led congress.
Before the Civil War Officially began Lincoln was elected president of the United States. Lincoln stated his belief that secession was both wrong and unconstitutional (Hart). Lincoln opposed slavery and in his campaigns he had said he would abolish slavery in the western territories. The south didn’t like that Lincoln was trying to prevent the growth of slavery and that meant they couldn’t buy slaves in the territories. The Civil War helped to end
During the Civil War, the Emancipation Proclamation was issued by Abraham Lincoln; it declared that “All person’s held as slaves within the rebellious states henceforward shall be free”, but blacks still felt that they were being treated unfairly. Slaves responded to the Emancipation Proclamation by leaving their overseers and dividing the land and implements among themselves. When opportunity came, two-hundred thousand blacks joined the Union army, Historian James McPheron says: “Without their help, the North could not have won the war as soon as it did, and perhaps it could not have won at all” (194), but when blacks were in the Union army and the northern cities during the war, it gave hints of how limited the emancipation would be. Black