Throughout this entire week, I have come to learn that memories are reconstructed when we remember them; however, this doesn’t make them fake, they are indeed real in my opinion. This is also my opinion on repressed memories. Repressed memories are real. Therapies in which therapist continue to suggest there’s “something else” (Loftus) are the reason why people doubt the authenticity of repressed memories. In the video False Memories, the study showing how subjectable people are to formulating false memories is astonishing and it proves just how easy it is to create fake memories. I believe that suggestibility is the main cause behind constructed/fake memories: Paul McHugh made it very clear in Can Trama Hid in the Back of the Mind?” to remind people that certain types of therapies (hypnosis and drugs) can make a person more susceptible. “Some contemporary therapists have been known to tell
Memories are a curious thing. They make us who we are. Without them we aren’t us. They are engrain in who we are as human beings.Memories can be a great source of joy and love. They can make us smile they can also make us cry. We often share our most precious memories with our relatives and friends, but sometimes memories especially our childhood memories can become tricky to recall .We remember things a certain way and another person that was also part of the memory can remember things differently. A traumatic event can cause our brains to change the way we remember events. That one the main in Kingston story “China Men”. I believe that Kingston wants her audience to try to understand how can a traumatic event like domestic abuse can affect a person's memories.
Remembering something that never happened can be dangerous. False memories are seen as a touchy subject in the psychology field. They tend to happen in therapy sessions with a professional and usually include memories where one was abused as a child. They can tear families apart and cause great harm to people. It is very hard to prove a false memory as false and there is no absolute certainness that it can be proven. Why do these memories happen? There is no straight answer on what causes these false memories, but in recent studies, there have been determining factors found as to what might affect a false memory being created. Some of these determining factors include; suggestibility, arousal, and mere exposure, (Bernstein &
Going to the article again and to our book, I do agree with points expressing that how repressed memories can also be false memories that are just making monsters by the active imagination. There are some cases of repressed memories that lead to false accusations and might destroy someone’s reputation and ruin their
A humans memory contains all that they have learnt and all they have experienced. Memories allow moments of today and yesterday last tomorrow and forever. It may seem that memories are a reliable source of information for a large majority of individuals but what would they think if their memories were actually wrong? To realize the memories that have been held in their minds for so long are inaccurate would cause great confusion and denial, which is the exact effect it has on them. Several people truly believe the reason why such a significant amount of others along with themselves have false memories is The Mandela Effect. The Mandela Effect is a conspiracy theory which focuses on parallel universes not only existing but also intertwining
I believe that Remembering is a good thing it can help build you up or tear you down but it’s all in how you let it affect you. People have been through the worst of the worst like from Elie Weisel a quote from nights saying when we arrived and were walking of the cattle cars I went to the left with my father to the right my sister and my mother and at that moment I knew I would never see their faces ever again”, and that right there that moment defines Elie that hard and painful time made him strong and able to tell his story and inspire. And from Interment a girl say’s “it was a branding of her own indignation”, that goes to show that the Japanese when they were put in train cars and taken away from their home, it really goes along with the
An increasingly conspicuous phenomenon is the Mandela Effect. It relates directly to confabulation, which is defined as a disturbance in memory, without the consciences’ intention to deceive. This means that someone can remember something to be a certain way and be very intent in it’s truth, but in reality the memory is incorrect. For example, the majority of society remembers the popular children book series being titled ‘Berenstein Bears’. If you look back at the books, they are actually titled ‘Berenstain Bears’, which many people don’t recall it ever being called. While our brains do make errors, the Mandela Effect addresses a large group of people all having identical memories but they are incorrect. This causes a confusion in society. So many people remember something the same way, but it is not the truth. Because of this problem, reality seems to be distorted and the accuracy of our brains is in question. The Mandela Effect makes it impossible for us to trust our societal brain.
After watch the video “The Fiction of Memory” by Elizabeth Loftus, I realize that false memory can be affect on everyone. In my personal experience; sometime I went to the place that I never been there before, but I will believe that is place I have been when I was child.
Referring back to prompt chapter four, I talked about the unconscious, past experiences, and memories. When it comes to memories, I believe that we as humans would remember them for reasons; happiness, traumatic, sadness, or simply because we have to. Repressed memories is easily defined as memories that have been locked or put away. Now, how does one know if those repressed memories are negative or positive memories? I personally think that it could be both depending on the scenarios and circumstances; thus I have theorized some scenarios. For example, an adult who was abused as a child would want to forget about it and repress it. That would be a negative memory. As for positive, if a man who has grown up a normal person and have had a decent life, he would be satisfied. However, what if his family all dies in car accident? He decides repress by all good and bad memories because he simply does not want to remember any of it because it will bring him emotional pain. In conclusion, I believe that memories in general are real, and theorized about negative and positive
In Gittins, Paterson, and Sharpe (2006) study they tested how traumatic situations effect the way they remember things. The participants of the study were shown a video of what happened after a car accident. The video showed many hurt victims and at the end a dead body with a mangled face. The participants had a task of writing everything they remembered about the video. Then they filled out a Depression Anxiety Stress Scales, which assess the participants lever of stress, anxiety and depression. For the Memory measure section, the participants were given a questionnaire that were structured in the form of a cross-examination style questions. The study showed that when the participant frequently recalled the event both lead to an increase in accuracy and a likelihood of developing false memories. And avoidance of the event had lead to a decrease in memory. This research suggests that some PTSD symptoms can help memory recall and others can prevent it (Gittins, Paterson, and Sharpe, 2006, p. 25). PTSD is not proven to help memories, yet it is not proven to harm it. It can be something that interferes with memories, in some cases it can lead to misidentification of suspects involved in traumatic
Although on the surface, the element of memory in the study of psychology may seem basic and rudimentary, the depths of memory are essentially, untapped. To truly understand the depths of memory, one must understand the storage of memory, the recollection of memory, and the processes of sharing memories. In order to obtain a better understanding of the subject matter, the examination of the independent documentary, Stories We Tell, was applied. Memory is also conceptualized into types, stages, and processes. These principles were measured in the lucrative and thorough examination of a childhood memory. In order to ensure the reliability and validity of the memory, the use of self-recollection, the use of recording, and the use of sharing with
Even if the victim may not recall everything that occurred, they may still experience triggers. According to Matsakis, “Even if trauma survivors suffer from an amnesia, they still are able to react to triggers consciously or unconsciously. Present day sights, smells, actions, feelings, and people involved in an incident can recreate the event” (Matsakis 114). Present day occurrences can recreate a very realistic reenactment of the traumatic event. Although I hadn’t been driving an actual car, motions of the vehicle itself made me feel as though I was back in the rolling golf cart once more. Even if triggers weren’t even a part of the incident itself, they can still occur. In order to identify what these triggers are, many therapists suggest making what’s known as a trigger chart. Writing down feelings, sights, smells, and emotions experienced while viewing different items made it easier to pinpoint my triggers, and cope with stress (1).
One famous case of amnesia supporting Squire's view is patient H.M. (Scoville & Milner, 1957), who had parts of his left and right temporal lobe, hippocampus, amygdala and surrounding areas of both removed. He developed severe anterograde amnesia, the inability to learn new information, resulting in an almost completely absent short-term memory storage. He also had moderate retrograde amnesia, unable to remember information between 3 to 11 years prior to his surgery, but with other long-term memories unaffected. Explaining this, Squire argued that memories are consolidated in the hippocampus, easily disrupted by trauma during this. They become less dependent on the hippocampus with time, eventually being stored in the neocortex (Alvarez &
Looking on the Internet I came upon article that put a whole new light regarding repressed memories. Scholars like Sigmund Freud believed that repress memories have a detrimental effect on individuals’ lives. Sigmund Freud assumption of repressed memories can have a negative influence on behavior and mental health, but this article, from Time Magazine, discusses the benefits of repressed memories (Sifferlin, A, 2014).
This report is about improving students’ memory. The aim to research on this topic is to help students to improve their memory and be have better prepared for exam.