On Monday, October, 12, 2015 I had the opportunity to attend a RTI (Response-to -Intervention) meeting with my cooperating general education teacher. The Response-to-Intervention model consists of the use of tiered instructional processes. Although the assessment components of RTI are crucial to the process, it is the instruction that takes place that truly affects the changes teachers hope to see in students who are identified as being on some level of risk for not meeting academic standards. Tiered instruction represents a approach where the instruction delivered to students varies is related to the severity and type of the student's difficulties. The meeting included all of the second grade educators and the assistant principal.
Progress is closely monitored to assess both the learning rate and level of performance of individual students. Collaborative Educational decisions about the intensity and duration of interventions are based on frequent monitoring of individual student response to instruction. The RTI approach can identify an at-risk child and assist a teacher in developing an educational plan based on that student’s weaknesses and strengths. (http://www.rtinetwork.org)
In a Mastery-Based learning class, students take time with their tasks then move forward when they have mastered that one assignment. Educator Jon Bergman states, “In a mastery learning environment, students are expected to learn certain objectives, or competencies, and then they progress when they learn the competency.” (Amerischools 2017). Since the students would be moving on to the next assignment after they have learned it, that would allow them to go at a pace that suits the speed of their learning. Similarly, HSC, an academy that uses the Mastery-Based learning model, claims that,“Students proceed from one assignment to the next, from one unit to the next, from one course to the next, or from one grade to the next when they have mastered the skills and content introduced in their classes.” In order to move on to the next topics, the student must show complete comprehension of the material they are learning. This idea would prevent gaps in the students’ learning since there would have to be some type of evidence of the students knowledge about the objectives.
Benchmarks are “check points on where students should be at a particular point in time” (Arends, 2009, p. 107). This is where diversity plays a huge role because the student’s academic levels are on opposite ends of the spectrum and this can affect finishing rates. “Rules, procedures, and downtime activities are needed for students who finish early and have time on their hands. These include high-interest activities such as making available special reading material or educational games that students can complete on their own” (Arends, 2009, p. 427). It’s vital to a child’s learning experience that we as teachers watch what is going on at these stations.
A classroom environment is demanding upon students due to the diverse personalities interacting with one another according to an established set of rules. This chapter explains the specific regions of the brain that interpret and react to emotional stimulus. In the preadolescent years, students are engaged in an inner conflict with their emotional systems for control of their behavior. The ability of the teacher to control emotion within the classroom directs the students’ attention, thus driving learning. Specific Researched Strategy to Use Description: The book gave many suggestions to use to manage social misbehavior in the classroom.
Therefore, talking with the student(s) will open the door to a self-monitoring system he/she might understand. It will take a lot of effort and patience to help students with learning disabilities to learn how to set goals, and self-monitor themselves but it will allow the student to become more involved with his/her progress and setting goals. For instance, a chart could be designed to show daily tasks for the week, due dates and final grades. A student folder is set up for the student: The student(s) review and completes the chart each day and returns the chart to their student folder. At the end of the week the student could take the chart results home to share with the parent/guardians.
The author explains that multiple means of data collection must be used to identify students. Additionally, assessments tools used by educators must be reliable and valid. Furthermore, educators need to frequently gather data on students who are considered at risk several times per year in the areas of reading and math. The author further explains that a team of educators should identify evidence-based instructional strategies the general education teacher should apply before making a special education referral for services. Finally, the author states that data should be collected to determine if the student is responding to
The NMPED (2014) defines the response to intervention (RTI) as: “an organizational framework by which schools assess student needs, strategically allocate resources, and design and deliver instruction to all students within the school. An RTI framework addresses student achievement and positive behavior for all students by the use of appropriate, research-based instruction and/or interventions. Student progress is monitored over time and then that data is used to guide instructional decisions and behavioral strategies” (Public Education Department - State of New Mexico. (n.d.)). RTI is a new approach to identify a learning disability.
t is very important for the practitioner to prepare the child for any transition. With a child that is moving school they need to be sensitive to the child’s concerns and should try to answer all the child’s questions honestly. There are many ways that the practitioner can prepare the child for a transition, for example they can: arrange visits to the new setting use ‘circle time’ to address issues and concerns empathize with the children, try to see things from a child’s point of view to ensure that all information is passed on to the child’s ‘new’ teacher to create effective links with other practitioners, in case follow up support is needed. With starting and moving through day care it is important that the child is involved and is introduced to the setting and the people that work there. With the transitioning period it is important the child has a transition morning sometimes with the parent present, to get use to the setting, introduce themselves to other children and get a general feel of the place.
Walking up and down the aisles, I watched students struggle with grade level material which also meant I certainly had a lot to teach that year. Watching my new students struggle on grade levels assessments motivated me to pursue literacy education at a graduate level. My interest in literacy education ultimately derives from my goal to teach highly effective instruction to students while considering their diverse
Section 1 Response to Intervention (RTI) is a 3-tiered approach used to “filter” students who are not meeting the academic levels as their peers. Watson better explains this strategy by saying; “response to intervention is a multi-tiered system integrating assessment and intervention to maximize student achievement for struggling learners at increasing levels of intensity” (Watson and Bellon-Harn, 237). A RTI approach involves implementation from the child’s teachers, general and special education, and speech-language pathologists (SLP). The purpose of RTI is finding a problem before the child fails. This is important because the earlier the disorder is found, the sooner therapy can begin, hopefully, resulting in a more successful intervention.
The achievement gap is reflected on each STARR tested area. Targeting the distance from the goal to gap of student groups that have had achievement gaps would be a planning process which would include the use of performance data. Tutorials are an essential form of ensuring that students have the chance to rebuild their foundation of learning the content. The primary focus would be on one student with a mentor to challenge and inspire students to connect with success. All implementations of the vision would be located in a school setting.
Students may exhibit increased difficulties with focusing, memory, learning new information, and/or an increase in irritability or impulsivity. Districts should have policies and procedures in place related to transitioning students back to school and for making accommodations for missed tests and assignments.