3. Explain what is liposuction and its risk. Liposuction is a surgical procedure intended to remove fat deposits and shape the body. Fat is removed from under the skin with the use of a vacuum-suction canula (a hollow pen-like instrument) or using an ultrasonic probe that emulsifies (breaks up into small pieces) the fat and then removes it with suction. Persons with localized fat may decide to have liposuction to remove fat from that area.
This can be caused if one eye is nearsighted (myopia) and the other is not, if one eye is farsighted (hyperopia) and the other is not, or astigmatism, which is the irregular curvature of the cornea, at a young age. This can also occur if one eye has more of a refractive error than the other has. Visual images in both eyes are degraded, resulting in abnormal visual
Veins transport blood to the heart and lungs at low pressure after receiving it from the capillaries. Valves inside the veins keep blood moving in one direction. The human body's arterial system branches out from one main artery, the dorsal aorta. Like veins, arteries have three layers: an outer layer of tissue, an inner layer of epithelial cells and a layer of muscle in between. Arteries deliver oxygenated blood to the capillaries, where the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place.
Mirror box therapy was developed specifically for patients with phantom limb syndrome. Treatment involves using an uncovered box with a mirror bisecting it. Two holes are cut out of the front on either side of the bisecting mirror. The patient places the intact limb into one hole of the box and the stump of the amputated limb into the other hole. A patient looking from the side of the intact limb will see that limb, along with a reflection of that limb in the mirror, giving the illusion of the presence of the amputated limb.
In other cases, some tests can be done in order to properly diagnose the cyst as a sebaceous cyst. One test performed to check the skin is a skin lesion biopsy. There are four subcategories of lesion biopsies 1) Shave biopsy 2) Punch biopsy 3) Excisional biopsy 4) Incisional biopsy A shave biopsy is performed via a razor blade tool that extracts the epidermal skin layers from the skin’s surface. A punch biopsy is performed by a circular razor punch tool that is used to cut a section of the skin in order to test the area for the possibility of being a sebaceous cyst. Excisional and incisional biopsies are extractions of the affected area by means of a surgical knife; however an incisional biopsy only removes part of the affected
Hydrocele, Adult A hydrocele is a collection of fluid in the loose pouch of skin that holds the testicles (scrotum). It usually affects just one testicle. CAUSES This condition may be caused by: An injury to the scrotum. An infection. A tumor or cancer of the testicle.
In order to check if a patient is suffering from hypertension or abnormal levels of blood pressure, there are four indirect and non-invasive methods to assess the patient. The methods are auscultation, oscillometric, through the wrist type method or through the finger cuff method. 2. Auscultation Method Auscultation method are often used in the clinics and hospitals by the doctors manually. This method requires the observer to listen to the Korotkoff sounds produced when the blood flow is constricted.
The pulmonary and systemic circuits carry blood to the organs in the body. The pulmonary circuit is on the right half of the heart. The pulmonary circuit carries blood to the lungs for gas exchange and returns it to the heart. It pumps oxygen poor blood into the pulmonary trunk, which immediately divides into the right and left pulmonary arteries. The pulmonary arteries transport blood to the air sacs of the lungs, where carbon dioxide is unloaded and oxygen is picked up.
In this method, ultrasound imaging is used to create picture of the retina. Sound waves with high frequency, more than 20,000 Hz, are sent through the eye and bounce back to the transducer which leads to a vibration of a piezo-electrical crystal in the transducer. Then, electrical impulses are generated and translated into an image of retina by the computer. The pros of this method is that if there is hemorrhage in vitreous humor the sound can pass through the blood and determine the condition of the retina. The limitations are meagre visualization of soft tissue and anatomic detail of orbit.
An important function of the dendrite is the integration of various input signals. Synapses are the gaps between the axons of transmitting neurons and the dendrites of receptor neurons. Electrochemical signals are carried across the gap by neurotransmitter molecules. These end up at the receptor proteins located in the ends of dendrites. There are various neurotransmitter chemicals.
Name: Horner 's syndrome Overview: The syndrome of Horner is a neuro-ophthalmological that develops after an interruption of nerve fibers nice ranging from the hypothalamus to eye. Possible damage to the central level that causes this syndrome is the lesion, compression or ischemia of the brain stem. Other conditions that determine the Horner syndrome is syringomyelia and some cancers marrow or brain (eg. neuroblastoma). Interruptions devices, however, can result from head and neck trauma, cervical lymphadenopathy, lung tumors Pancoast, aortic dissection or carotid artery and thoracic aortic aneurysm.
In order to be diagnosed with transverse myelitis they are tests that need to get done. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) creates a 3-D image of the soft tissues. It also helps to identify other cause of symptoms. Lumbar puncture (spinal tap) is used to draw a small amount of cerebrospinal fluid (Clinic, 2014). In patients with transverse myelitis the CSF will contain abnormal white blood cell which can later be examined to verify if it is cancer or an infection that causes the abnormality.
The neurons produce hormones that slide down the axons and end up in the posterior lobe. The posterior lobe is then responsible for storing the hormones made by the neurons of the hypothalamus. The hypothalamo-hypophyseal portal system is the specific way the hypothalamus communicates with the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland. This portal system consists of blood vessels that carry hormones of the hypothalamus to the anterior lobe. The anterior lobe then responds by making its own hormones.
3-CT It is radiological exam that uses x-ray tube to produce cross sectional images of the body by rotating around it and detecting the radiation coming out of it. This modality able to provide internal soft tissue details so it asses to reveal if any lymph node or organ are enlarged. CT are helpful in looking for any lymph in abdomen, pelvis, chest, head, and neck(2). and hepatosplenomegaly, or filling defects in the liver and spleen. CT is used for initial staging, assessing response to therapy , and for follow-up.
Some of the procedures that a can be preformed for the eyes are the fluorescein angiography, this is where intravenous injection of fluorescein or dye followed by a serial photographs of the retina through dilated pupils. Some of these procedures may sound complicated by I know that the visual field test is a common procedure for a patient that is getting an annual eye exam. What this procedure does is there is a measurement of the area within which objects are seen when the eyes are fixed, looking straight ahead without movement of the head. There are a limited amount of procedures that are listed for patients with eye problems, and only a select few tests that can all occur all of which are equally important. Same goes for the ears there are only a few clinical procedures and small tests that can be performed to make sure that a patient can hear clearly.