It is crucial to state that discourses are partial and positioned, and social difference is manifest in the diversity of discourses within particular cultural contexts. In this direction, the content of political propaganda is also very important in political election area. The more a political discourse is related to the general political culture of a society, the more the success percentage of that discourse will be. One important point in political-critical discourse analysis is that a successful political discourse is the one that moves toward the expected willingness and desires of a society. In Iran, for example, there are different cultural criteria that help a political discourse to be dominant in election campaigns, including: being management-oriented and program-oriented, having religious thoughts, fighting with immorality and corruption, bravery toward foreigners, willingness to stability and safeguarding the interests of the people, willingness to social and cultural freedoms, submitting effective strategies to have suitable interaction with others, simple-living and avoidance of luxury and so
Based on Brian McNair (1995), it means that “the wide variety of practices whereby political actors may seek to control, manipulate or influence media organizations in ways which correspond to their political objectives.” Embrace actions projected to maintain and sustain a positive relationship concerning the politicians and the media involved in the media management. For politicians, they need to fulfill the media organizations on what they wants such as news, information or entertainment and at the same time utilizing their influence over on how that something is interceded or presented to the
Political speeches are the crucial activity that links the different parts of society together and allow them to be as united entire. The core of political speech is the ability of the politician to use language and symbols that wake latent tendencies among the masses. Politics is a means for power in order to put certain political, economic and social concepts into practice. Language plays an essential role, for every political action is prepared, attended, influenced and played by language.so language and politics are closely interleaved. The main objective of political speech is to get the corresponding effect through persuasion.
Freedom of speech allows for all individual citizens, media platforms and political parties to voice opinions about the functioning of the political system publicly without the fear of punishment. Censorship should never be a concern within a democratic political culture and the safety of journalist and individuals with a strong influence on the political culture can never be jeopardized. Julius Malema, current leader of the Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF), made statements about media exclusion and threated journalist safety during recent interviews, which is concerning within a democratic political culture because Malema expresses an unconstitutional approach with regards to freedom of speech and basic human rights to safety. Malema threated the safety of journalists at future EFF political rallies, which violated the constitution Malema promised to uphold when becoming the official leader of the EFF, but more importantly the exclusion of media coverage at public EFF events would encourage censorship and destroy the democratic political culture of South Africa. Democracy within South Africa would lack legitimacy if debates about media censorship were to continue, because the dominant political culture is democratic and strongly believe in the freedom of
Chapter one: The History of The Public Opinion Introduction The public opinion is a set of attitudes and views of individuals concerned with particular controversial issues, including politics and government action. Its impact is not only limited to politics and elections, but also concerned with many other spheres, such as culture, literature, the arts, public relations and so on. The American public opinion has been a subject of inquiry since the rise of democratic states, in the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries because governments started to be well known, and democracies were expected to present and be responsible for their people. Before dealing with the American public opinion, one should know the nature of the notion and its
For example, the website “governmentvs.com” states many ideas about the people getting the right to speak out. It states “Majority rules, people’s rights, power of voting…” This sets a democracy to a form of government where it favors the people. The citizens have control and some power of what goes on in their own country. The article also states, “People have freedom and power of voting and choosing what they want.” The main idea about a democracy is having the people have rights to speak up in the government. This system favors and encourages the citizens to feel as if they are a part of the government.
Lieberman Election forms the backbone of our democracy. Our democratic setup confers on us, i.e. , the right to elect the representatives of the state . Besides, the elected people have the right to choose the head of the state. The welfare of the people in any country shall be ensured by the Governance.
This is because, choosing a leader means choosing someone who will be involved to take decisions. This normally considered as a right which should be universally respected. However, Americans have a special way including public election campaigns where people hear from candidates debates.
Democracy signifies participation of the people in the execution of their regime (Beramendi 2008). A democratic government is run by the people and its aim is public interest. Similarly, Backer and Raveloson (2008) explain democracy as a government which comes into power through general public, is practiced by the public and is there to work for the best interest of the public. Democracy can also be understood in opposition of other government systems; dictatorships, monarchies and aristocracies. In government systems, other than democracy, mostly, people have no or minute control over who will rule their state; contrarily, in democracy, people themself decide who will govern them or how their country will be run (Zimmermann 2012).
The major concern of this debate is the effectiveness and the future position of Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP). Political parties are essential to the process of democratic consolidation (Pridham, p. 2). A political party is a significant mean for corruption free representation and a proper functional system. Political party can be defined as