Sparta was about fitness, survival, and war while Athens was about public speaking, debate, and music. As you may see, Sparta and Athens may seem like two whole different worlds, and it’s clear that they deemed each value of theirs’ important, but which city-state would go to great length to preserve that value? Sparta was more committed to their cultural value than Athens. Spartans valued military power. For instance, “Their whole lives were about military training even after 30 the Spartan boys were required to serve the military until they were 60” (Document 2).
The Roman government developed as it did because of the patricians, being put into a position of power due to their wealth, while the plebians and noncitizens could give close to no input on what could and could not happen in their republic. The patricians forced the idea upon the government that only their ideas and opinions mattered, which is how they were able to become so powerful in the Roman government. An example of this can be found in a speech from a Roman senator, in which he states, “let not the wary opinions of the common people deter you in what is best for Rome. It is we (the patricians) that have the power… we are the only ones truly qualified,” (Maganamus 1).
Pericles, a key political figure of 5th century Athens states, “Our constitution does not copy the laws of neighboring states; we are rather a pattern to others than imitators ourselves.” The Athenians had no desire to follow what appeared as mediocre government, the Athenians pushed for the best form they could find. Arete, for Athens, meant every person had a voice in politics. Politics embraces the reason of the mind as well as the emotion of the heart. Therefore, the very essence of a good human being would lie in being a politically active person.
America is very similar to Ancient Rome, but there are several differences. For example, the Roman Empire "fell" and America is still “standing”. Before ancient Rome “fell”, Rome started out as a small settlement of farmers on the Palatine hill. About one hundred years later, Rome became a republic. The Roman Empire started when Pax Romana or Roman peace began in 27 BCE under the rule of Augustus Caesar.
There are some exceptions. The Han dynasty had a positive attitude towards technology, and most of the Romans had negative opinions on the role of technology in the society. The only exceptions were Seneca, a philosopher who hoped to advance the mind, and Frontius, a water commissioner promoting his own technology. If I had documents that showed how the legal codes of Rome and the Han, I could better explain how the systems of administration in the two areas varied based on the way they treated low-class citizens and the way they treated technology. But solely using the documents provided, it can be reasonably argued that the Han Dynasty promoted technology, therefore creating a better environment for their low-class citizens.
It is wise to start with Roman law. Roman law is the legal system of ancient Rome, and the legal developments which occurred before the 7th century AD - when the Roman and Byzantine state adopted Greek as the language of the Empire. Laws before the Roman Empire were primarily based on centuries of customs which means that laws were not written. Roman law through its development carries more than a thousand years of jurisprudence. Roman legal history is framed by two codifications, the Twelve Tables and the Corpus Juris Civilis.
This is exactly what we do with Shakespeare’s work today and the ironic thing is that he didn’t plan it. This brings us back to the question, did Shakespeare mean for his work to relevant even today? Either way, if he did or didn’t plan for the actions of the plebeians to be applicable today, he accurately depicted it. Plebeians, often shortened to simply plebs or plebes, were the common people of the ancient Roman Empire. The article Plebeians from pbs.org terms plebeians as, “all free Roman citizens who were not members of the patrician, senatorial, or equestrian classes.”
Following the conquest, Alexander founded the prosperous city known as Alexandria-by-Egypt, which came to occupy a central role in the culture of the Ptolemaic Kingdom. Under the Greek rule, the ancient Egyptian society acquired a character of “split personality” that continued until the end of Roman rule. In this heterogeneous culture, traditional Egyptian culture and Hellenistic Greek culture existed side by side while enjoying a relative autonomy. With regards to iconography, the Egyptians continued to maintain their cultural identity through their artistic production even under the constraints of the Greek rule. Thus, in spite of the radical social transformations that took place as a consequence of Alexander the Great’s conquest, the ancient Egyptians were able to keep their cultural identity, which was already consolidated at this point.
The laws from the Mesopotamian civilization were diffused into the Hebrew civilization as the Exodus. Both Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilization also influenced the Greeks with the idea that the gods were in control of the fate of humans and the environment. In addition, the Greek idea of gods evolved, which was not identical to both Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilizations. Mesopotamia was colonized by the Sumerians, but was later
Brutus is a person in Julius Caesar that you would not expect to want power. His ways of trying to obtain power are less obvious than other characters. In Julius Caesar, Brutus is a friend of Caesar, but notices that Caesar is acting ambitious like that of a tyrant. Brutus realises that he, himself values the good of Rome more than Caesar. Brutus through the ways of realising danger, being leader, and persuasion tries to gain power in the great empire of Rome.
Ultimately, because the Greek states supported Philip in his quest to avenge Greece against the desecration of their temples, they also supported Alexander as he continued his father’s legacy. However, despite this, there were still a few rebellions that took place following Philip’s death, and Alexander’s rise to power. Diodorus tells us that, “At Athens too there was some movement towards resistance, but the Athenians were terrified at Alexander’s first approach and granted him even greater honours than had been granted to Philip”. This shows us that the Athenians were controlled by their fear of Alexander, and perhaps indicates how Alexander, as a leader, ruled -- by using fear to maintain the loyalty of the Greek
Early Romans wore very simple styles of jewelry that represented Greek culture, but as their empire grew and more countries were conquered, the wealth of the Romans grew. This meant that their jewelry became more intricate and colourful and that every conquered civilisation’s way of life influenced the type of jewelry they made. The Romans managed to collect different ideas from their many conquered nations. They adapted them for their use and the use of future generations after them.