Essay On Roman Religion

1096 Words5 Pages
Roman society has revolved around religion since the first century. The religion in Rome prospered over time from Mythology to Christianity, which is still the main religion of Rome today. Alongside Judaism, Christianity is one of the most important religions not only in Rome, but around the whole world. Although the beliefs and rituals changed over time, Roman religion played an important role in the development of Rome’s society today. Polytheism is the worship of or belief in multiple gods or goddesses. Polytheists do not always worship all the gods equally, but they can be henotheists which means that they specialize in the worship of one particular god. There are two different types of Polytheism. These types include hard polytheism and soft polytheism. Hard…show more content…
Before Constantine there was hardly any Christian Roman architecture. The Catacombs of Rome are ancient catacombs, or underground cemeteries consisting of a gallery under the earth’s surface with places for tombs, as constructed by the ancient Romans. These catacombs were burials grounds for all people in Rome, but are most famous for christian burials. A sarcophagus is a coffin for inhumation burials, widely used throughout the Roman empire starting in the second century A.D. The most important gods to the Romans were the Greek gods from Mount Olympus. The gods names were changed by the romans from Grecian names to Roman names. The chief among the Roman gods was the sky god, Jupiter. Two other forces that belong to an early phase were Janus and Vesta, the powers of the door and hearth. Janus originally stood for the magic of the door of a private house or hut and later became a part of religion. Vesta is the virgin goddess of the hearth, home, and family in Roman religion. The greek god Mars was the god of war, and the father of Romulus, who named
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