Essay On Sangam Literature

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One of the major change revealed mostly by archaeology was the transition from the proto-historical to the historical over a large part of India .For example in the south the early megalithic culture representing a tribal age was succeed by the early historical culture which accommodates the elements of culture from the north India. The process of this transition is of course not preserved in any literary document, but even so various details of early historical culture in the three southern kingdoms Chola, Pandya and Chera –may be bought out from the Sangam literature. Variously dated possibly incorporating both pre-Christian and post-Christian materials- the Sangam anthropologies represent a culture which had transcended the tribal stage and had yet retained some of it.
Two other post – mauryan changes had similarly an earlier origin and in
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Economic development
The material culture of the period spanning from 200 BC and 300 AD shows remarkable development of agriculture and irrigation, diversification of crafts and spectacular growth of trade and increasing use of coins .These five hundred years are especially noted for the proliferation of urban centres in virtually over the entire subcontinent. The second urbanization reached its peak during this phase. The spread of the state society and urban development seem to have taken place simultaneously and in an interrelated manner.
The early foreign invasions
Among the external powers reaching the subcontinent through its north-western borderlands, the Bacterian Greek rulers- originally subservient to the Seleucid house in west Asia –were the earliest to invade India, coinciding almost with the eclipse of the Mauryan Empire in 187

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