Essay On Secondary Socialization

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d) Socialization is the lifetime process by which human behavior is shaped through knowledge in social institutes (e.g.: family, which is a crucial factor in primary socialization). Through socialization, individual learns the values, norms (formal and informal rules), and principles of a given society. In seeing nature of the self, it is essential to include a still more important social scientific issues- the extent to which human beings are being formed by biological inheritance (i.e., genetic determinism), or through socialization (i.e. cultural determinism), the issue called nature-nurture argument. Another way to put this is the difference between instinct and learned behavior, where instinct is inherited, and learned behavior developed through socialization. Sociologists does not really consider instinctive behavior, therefore, most…show more content…
In the secondary stage, the individual learns by himself or herself more values and norms which are to be applied for the individual to fitting in. This includes learning how to organize and conduct oneself in formal contexts (backgrounds) and how to behave towards people who have different degrees of status and power. One of the crucial agents of secondary socialization is school. Trade unions and professional associations, also secondary socialization agents, can affect an individual’s behavior when an individual approves to conform to the beliefs, aims and regulations of the organization. Therefore indirectly, the individual agrees a socializing influence on his or her conduct. In both primary and secondary groups, the mass media (e.g. radio, television, the cinema) also plays a dynamic part in socializing individuals. For example during primary socialization, by watching certain cartoons, a child (although indirectly) can already be socialized of his or her gender roles, such as patriarchal ideology (e.g.

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