Essay On Self-Efficacy Theory

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Framework of the Study In determining the level of self-efficacy and academic performance of the respondents involved in the study, the following theories and concepts were considered in order to create the theoretical framework of the study as shown in Figure 1 below:

Fig.1. Theories on Motivation and Reverse Integration Program
Social Cognitive Theory. Bandura emphasizes how cognitive, behavioral and environmental factors interplay with the motivation and behavior of an individual ( Crothers, Hughes & Morine, 2008 ). According to Bandura, one factor is the majority or lead reason, but there are numerous factors that play a role in human behavior. Furthermore, the influencing factors are not equal in strength, nor do they all occur concurrently ( Wood & Bandura, 1989 ). This theory proposed that in goal attainment there are four processes involved. These four processes are self-observation, self-evaluation, self-reaction
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Bandura ( 1995 ) explained that self-efficacy is the belief in one’s capabilities to organize and execute the courses of action required to manage prospective situations. Self-efficacy is an important phase on human motivation and behavior. It influences action according to his/her self-belief. The basic principle of this theory is that performance and motivation are in part determined by how effective people believe they can be ( Bandura, 1982; as cited in Redmond, 2010). The judgments of levels of self-efficacy are generally measured through magnitude, strength and generality. Magnitude measures the difficulty level while strength refers to the conviction of an individual despite challenges. Meanwhile, the generality refers to the degree on which expectation is widespread across situations (Lunenburg, 2011). In this study, the level of self-efficacy of the students was being measured. The degree of self-efficacy on this study varies across the two types of self-efficacy mentioned by Dullard (2014). Here as

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