Utility of The Theory in Education. In terms of education, self-transcendence theory is in the writings of nursing theorists who are influential in nursing education (). These writings share a common view identifying self-transcendence as a foundational concept for the nursing field (Smith & Liehr, 2014). All levels of education may use the theory in courses to support the care of the aging (Smith & Liehr, 2014). The art of acting with older adults at community senior centers is designed to develop more positive attitudes in nursing students (Chen & Walsh, 2009; Walsh et al., 2008).
Occupational therapy has evolved over years to become a major career in healthcare. it starts in 1793, Phillipe Pinel started to practice moral treatment by using literature, music, and physical exercise as treatment for mental illness people. In 1917, The National Society for the Promotion of Occupational Therapy was established and inserted under the laws of the District of Columbia. The main goal of the Association as set forth in its Constitution “shall be to study and advance curative occupations for invalids and convalescents” (2). During the 1980’s and 1990’s occupational therapy began to concentrate on the person’s life they try to make the patients more independent.
Dialogical Self Theory As conceptualized in the work of Hermans, Kempen, and Van Loon (1992) the theory of the dialogical self, places emphasis on the positioning of an individual on the dimensions of time and space, and their relations between these positions: The I has the possibility to move, as in a space, from one position to the other in accordance with changes in situation and time. The I fluctuates among the different and even opposed positions. The I has the capacity to imaginatively endow each position with a voice so that dialogical relations between positions can be established (Hermans, Kempen, & Van Loon, 1992, p. 28). The implication of the understanding of Dialogical Self Theory (DST) as applied to Blaine, indicates that his transition from the military world to the civilian one has presented a multitude of challenges to his self-identity; viz., his “I”. As explained in the research of Grimell (2017), the military culture forces the individual into a position where they must redefine who it is they are.
What is reflection? Reflection is described as the process individuals use for self-development in their future career. The process of reflection has been used for many years in professional health fields such as midwifery and nursing (Lillyman. S & Merrix. P, 2012).
Data were analyzed using interpretative phenomenological analysis. Each case was analyzed and initial themes identiﬁed before moving on to the next case. Implication for Future Studies The current studies covered in this paper were preliminary examinations looking for the impact of Parkinson disease and the family unit. Previous research has investigated people’s experience of living PD in-depth but it tends to have focused either on the patient or caregiver; here we looked at the patients and their partners within the family unit. This study would be able to be use as a guideline for future studies done in this subject.
The majority of the exposure new nurses have to emergent situations happen during their experiences in the unit. Moreover, several orientation evaluations from previous orientees expressed the desire for education and training in high-risk situations. Early recognition, prompt intervention, and effective teamwork are essential skills for all nurses to minimize maternal morbidity and mortality. This plan focuses on educating new staff nurses about the physiology of PPH, risk factors, and current evidence for interventions which will improve patient outcomes through increased awareness and rapid response to
The theoretical framework gives a detailed reason to why the highlighted research ques-tion exists. Orem’s self-care deficit theory of nursing is the theoretical framework relat-ing to this research because the theory is further divided into three sub-theories in which requisite are line with the following: Individual stages of development and goals, Health conditions, Developmental states, Energy consumption and expenditure, Atmospheric conditions and also the theory gives room to investigate possible causes of malnutrition alongside nurse’s intervention by assessing the need for care, approaches and required interventions. According Orem in 2001, nursing can be viewed as part of the health sector that provides authorized care to individuals.
Self-Determined Theory Instead of bargaining between extrinsic and intrinsic motivation, Deci et al. (1999) expanded the focus by the argument of internalization process of shifting the extrinsic behaviour to intrinsic value. Self-Determined Theory (it is referred as SDT hereafter) suggested that a self-determined individual has motivation completely internalized. SDT defines intrinsic and extrinsic causes of motivation and their respective roles in social and cognitive development and in individual differences. Most importantly, SDT focuses on the degree to which individual’s sense of initiative is affected by social and cultural factors, in addition to his well-being and the quality of his performance.
In a service industry, like healthcare, experience of the patient plays a crucial role in rating and assessment of quality of services. Quality in healthcare may comprise of newer technology, newer and effective medication, and higher staff to patient ratios, affordability, efficiency and effectiveness of service delivery (Tam, 2005). In healthcare industry service quality has become an imperative (Ennis and Harrington, 2001) in providing
- Developing advancements that aid patients in recovery. - Developing standard that help reduce the numbers of disease in the community. - Promoting healthy lifestyles and preventing the onset of preventable diseases and illnesses. - Helping to instill techniques and treatments that increase the quality of life in patients with degenerative diseases, as well as easing the transition for those who are facing the end of life. Marita (2013), stated that nursing has a rich history of using research in practice, pioneered by Florence Nightingale.