The Renaissance was a period in European history that triggered a region wide development in the fine arts, intellectual studies and technology. With the expansion of understanding in the fields of science, philosophy and technology and the accumulation of wealth of many European nations, it led to them to expand their own fleets and finance exploration missions throughout the world. The Columbian Exchange was a by-product of the Age of Exploration and was the transfer of plants, animals and technology between the “Old World” and the “New World”. The Columbian Exchange involved the entire modern world. Irrevocably, the Columbian Exchange helped trigger the largest population boom in world history, it led to a boom in the overall economy and
They lacked organization, support, leadership, and left the British even more bitter towards them. Consequently, the British came up with a plan that only broke down the strength of the Indians even more. Britain promised the Indians a share in their government if the Indian soldiers helped fight their battles of seas against the Portuguese and some of the other European traders. However, more Indians were elected to the legislative council but the British made the struggle for independence even harder for the
The First Opium war (March 18, 1839 - August 29, 1842) arose because Foreign traders were illegally exporting opium to China. It was leading to widespread social and economic problems. The Chinese government were trying to suppress the opium trade so, in March 1839 the Chinese government confiscated and destroyed more than 1400 tons of opium in Canton. This was the beginning of the casualties of 69 British troops and approximately 18,000 Chinese soldiers. The disputes ended in 1842 when British troops captured Namking in August, resulting in the Treaty
Dalhousie also did not recognize the adopted son and the British Resident took possession of the territory. The Ruler of Jhansi died in 1853 and Dalhousie refused to recognize his adopted son and annexed the state. The Britishers treacherously attacked and annexed the Kingdom of Oudh and its 80,000 strong army was disbanded. These annexations gravely enraged the people and angered the soldiers of English East India Company. Most of the soldiers came from Oudh.
At the start of the 17th century, the first English people to settle in colonial America expected to establish a trade factory with the native peoples as previously done in Sierra Leone, Morocco and India. They expected to trade precious metals, fruits and anything else that could be traded. However, what they embarked upon was extremely rich soil that hinted off the abundance of agricultural wealth just waiting to be exploited. Nevertheless, this agricultural wealth also came with the requirement of an intensive work force. The work force that was supplied firstly with Indentured servants over the Native Americans, which later became the main instrument as to why the African slaves were used a few decades later.
The most devastating example of this was the way that Cholera was brought back to Britain from the Indian sub-continent with devastating results. The imperialists also had a habit of moving slaves and laborers around the world to tend the new plantations and factories. This would increase the danger of introducing disease to populations that had no natural resistance against
Many American’s are aware that the American Revolution started, because the British Government was taxing the colonies without giving them proper representation in parliament. However, what many American’s do not understand is that the colonial protestors had many more complaints about the British Government in the mid 1770s. Thomas Paine described the colonists view of the British best when he said, “The British were thieves, literally “highwaymen” who stole American rights and wealth as well.” The years following the Seven Years War brought drastic changes for the colonists as Great Britain started taking more control over the them and with each new tax they continued to fill with rage. The most convincing evidence the colonial protestors made against the bid for independence was that British government had become corrupt and the acts placed upon them and decisions made by the British government infringed upon their natural rights: rights to life, liberty, and property. Some of the decisions were the closing of the Boston port, having a standing army during a time of peace, trying the colonists via admiralty courts, and taxing them without giving them proper representation in Parliament.
Additionally, in order to boost Belgium's economy, the Belgium, King Leopold, sold rubber in the African congo and made profit (Hochschild). An example of this is, rubber was used in clothing, tires, boots and raincoats which caused the industrial world to rapidly thrive because these products were being sold. Eventually “between 1890 and 1904, (the) total Congo rubber earning increased ninety-six times over” (Hochschild). This is significant because as the price of the products inclined, Belgium's economy flourished. On the contrary, the most significant cause of European imperialism in China was the desire to trade for natural resources.
Haiti like many of these islands saw its slave population increase drastically in large part due to the climate in the West Indies, which allowed for the cultivation of sugar cane, a very valuable crop to European settlers. The French Monarchy seeing the success of the Haitian colony, wanted to expand sugar cultivation in the Lower Mississippi Valley. What resulted was the importation of 8,500 African enslaved people to the Lower Mississippi valley, turning the colony into a slave society (Franklin 61). Additionally, the French colony attempted to cultivate sugar in the same way already establish in its Haitian colony, however the climate of the Lower Mississippi Valley meant that sugar didn’t crow nearly as well in these conditions, forcing a shift from sugar growth to indigo and tobacco (Clark-Pujara 2/6/18). Ultimately, in almost all aspects, the development of the Lower Mississippi Valley was designed to mimic the society and crop seen
By the first half of the 19th century, the East India Company had brought major portions of India under its control. One hundred years after the Battle of Plassey, anger against the unjust and oppressive British Government took the form of a revolt that shook the very foundations of British rule in India. While British historians called it the Sepoy Mutiny, Indian historians named it the Revolt of 1857 or the First War of Indian Independence. The Revolt of 1857 had been preceded by a series of disturbances in different parts of the country from the late eighteenth century onwards. The Sanyasi Rebellion in North Bengal and the Chunar rebellion in Bihar and Bengal broke out in the late eighteenth century.