Half of parents favor later school start times for teens¨ also states, ¨Teenagers are chronically sleep-deprived and that can negatively impact their health and well-being.¨ If we simply switched the time school starts by an hour or so, teens would have a healthier mindset and wellbeing. This
⅖ of students who go to school who start at 8:00 or earlier only get 6 hours or sleep. And ⅔ of students who go to those schools only get 8 hours or sleep (sleepfoundation.org). Teens should get 9-10 hours of sleep per night so that they can do their very best during the day. If we had late start school, then students could do better in school and then that could affect their entire life. Why do schools start early if there are no benefits?
Having an early school start time can be a huge threat to teens. Not getting enough sleep can lead to sleep deprivation. Sleep deprivation is very dangerous to teens because they are at a critical stage of development. According to a 2006 survey from the National Sleep Foundation, about 87% of American high school students are chronically sleep deprived. Another study of nearly 28,000 high schoolers from the Journal of Youth and Adolescents, found that for each hour of sleep lost there is a 38% increased chance of feeling sad and/or hopeless.
“Research shows that teenagers’ body clocks are set to a schedule that is different from that of younger children or adults. This prevents adolescents from dropping off until 11 p.m.,” (Kalish), with a different sleeping schedule caused by the hormone melatonin, which causes tiredness, it would be beneficial to start school an hour later. If most high school students don’t fall asleep until 11 p.m. and get up at 6:30 a.m., then most students will only get seven and a half hours of sleep, or less if they have to get up earlier because they live further away and have a longer commute. Studies show that after nine hours of sleep adolescents
Accordingly, by asking students to remain in classes for an extra two hours a day, school systems are requesting more devotion from teenagers who cannot focus for lengthy periods of time due to their developing brains. To complete the matter further, the excision of Fridays from the school schedule would also cause teenagers to lose precious hours of sleep. According to the National Sleep Foundation, teenagers require around 8 to 10 hours of sleep in order to function at full capacity; otherwise, they will not be productive in school (National Sleep Foundation n.d.). How can overscheduled teenagers attend sports practice or club meetings, finish all of their homework, and perform any family or job obligations in such a short period of time? Assuming a student arrives home from school and immediately begins to accomplish his list of tasks, he would have only three hours to do so if he were aiming to obtain the recommended levels of sleep.
Later start times in schools allow students to get more sleep, making them more healthy, productive, and awake. First, sleep is a necessity due to the repairs the body undergoes, so lack of sleep can lead to complications healthwise. According to the Gale Encyclopedia of Public Health, “Teenagers require an average of 9.25 hours of sleep per night for brain development, health, and optimal performance” (Alic and Nienstedt 862-867). As mentioned previously, only one out of ten students get an adequate amount of sleep (Troxel). So, those who are not a part of this category run the risk of developing health problems, because they are not allocating enough time for brain development, which occurs during sleep.
Research has asked the question: “Does Homework Cause Stress In Children?” and research shown: “Unfortunately, the answer to this question is – yes. Middle and high schools continue the tough academic pressures. Larger class sizes, shorter break times and strong pressures to perform well on standardized tests all place students under large amounts of stress. Homework today which can on some days exceed 3 to 4 hours can negatively affect a child’s sleep cycle. Instead of getting 8 to 9 hours of sleep which is recommended, children end up getting 5 to 6 hours of sleep which in itself contributes to increase in stress.
The great effect of being over fatigue is the decrease in the grades of students. It is very hard for them to concentrate on lectures in the morning when they have used up all their energy at night making school works. As stated in an article by Carpenter (2001): “You can be giving the most stimulating, interesting lectures to sleep deprived kids early in the morning or right after lunch, when they’re at their sleepiest, and the overwhelming drive to sleep replaces any chance of alertness, cognition, memory or understanding”. For sleep deprived individuals, being able to sleep just for a few minutes is a big opportunity to regain back all the lost times to
The later the start time the better student can obtain knowledge. “The academy of sleep medicine recommend that teenagers aged 13 to 18 years should sleep 8 to 10 hours per day for good health. Adolescents who do not get enough sleep are more likely to be overweight and perform poorly in school”(2.CDC Features ). Also “delaying
Young people needs at least 7 to 8 hours of sleeping daily. If they didn’t give them brains that amount of time then memory and ability to focus and concentrate as well as higher cognitive functioning is severely affected. That means spending all night studying without take a rest and have enough time of sleep make them sitting themselves up for a poor performance. Study done by Kelly, W. and 2 different colleagues (2001), they conjointly found that sleep deprivation greatly affects a student’s ability to perform well in their categories. This is evident through the students’ GPA’s.
In a recent survey, over 76% of high school students said that they usually get seven hours of sleep a night. Considering workloads and school start times, a majority of the 76% claim that there is nothing they can do to acquire more sleep each night. Lack of sleep has become a problem for teenagers statewide, and it is completely out of their control. The majority of high schools in Michigan start classes before 8:00 a.m. Some people believe this is too early for students to start learning.
Most kids are absent or late usually because they sleep in. School starting later can improve a student’s attendance. In the first place, students will have a lower chance of sleeping in. One reason why is because a student usually sleeps for up to 9 and a half hours, and has a curfew at about 9 or 10. Most kids wake up at around 6:00 a.m, because most schools start at about 7:30 a.m,which does not give a child the amount of sleep he or she needs.