Implicitly he was proposing a revolutionary new theory of the human psyche itself. Freud is the founding father of psychoanalysis, a method for treating mental illness and also a theory which explains human behavior. In 1900 to 1905 develop a topographical model of the mind, and the theory of psychosexual develoment and of the Oedipus complex. Freud in 1923 developed a more structural model of the mind comprising the entities id, ego and superego (what Freud called “the psychic apparatus”). These are not physical areas within the brain, but rather hypothetical conceptualizations of important mental functions.
What Freud sought was the analysis of the dream to be a ‘process’ where the dream comes into awareness and ‘dream-work’ can take place. He identified four main aspects to this work. Using these aspects in the analysis process is how the unconscious’ hidden wishes and desires become considered, controlled and begin to make sense in the conscious being. Freud calls the structure of transformations condensation, displacement, representation and secondary revision. These transformations express the manifest and latent content (dream-work), which is organised by method of symbolisation (Freud,
Originally from Austria, Sigmund Freud was a trained neurologist who was particularly interested in the human psyche. Over many years, Freud developed a theory to explain human behavior, what we refer to now as “Freudian Psychology.” First, he divided the mind into three levels, and used the analogy of an iceberg to help others understand it. On the surface, Freud identified the Conscious. It is here that most of our decision making and ideas are processed. However, in Freud’s model, this consisted of the “tip of the iceberg” which barely resided above the water.
He was among the first to work extensively with dreams and to use it in therapeutic sessions. According to Freud, “the interpretation of dreams is the royal road to knowledge of the unconscious activities of the mind”. He believed that dreams
179,188). Put quite concisely, Freud explains that the idea of God is nothing short of an illusion – even a form of neurosis. Delving into the psychology behind
This has an effect to resolve basic conflict as a way of expressing situations that bring satisfaction without bringing guilt or punishment. Freud believed that all thoughts, emotions and actions have causes .In his view no behaviour is accidental and that causes of behaviour lie in unsatisfied drives and unconscious wishes .He likened personality to an iceberg buried under the sea showing a small part above the surface of the water. The small part represents the conscious mind immediately below the subconscious mind and the larger submerged part represents the unconscious mind .The conscious represent what is visible and clear while the preconscious consists of inaccessible thoughts or ideas which can be temporarily forgotten but at times have the possibility of easy retrieval when required .It consists of memories which are not conscious at the moment but can easily be brought into consciousness. The preconscious mind is the vast storehouse of easily accessible memories. The contents of the preconscious were at one point conscious and can be returned to consciousness if need be.
In contrast to my familiarity with Adler ideas was vague. Sigmund Freud faced countless neuroses of his own personality, like phobia of travel, addiction and countless anxieties (Gilman, 1993). He assumed the origin of psychopathology is in unconscious conflicts developed in childhood. Surprisingly he admitted his own. After both lecture and readings I was able to think about whether Freud hypothesised tripartite
Sigmund Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory of Personality explains the development of personality based on the interaction between Structural Modal agencies, namely id, ego and superego. The hedonistic id is the innate and primitive component present since birth, consisting instinctual drives: Eros, which is the life instinct as well as Thanatos which is the death instinct. Id operates on the pleasure-principle, demanding immediate gratification to avoid pain elicited when demands are not satisfied, regardless of the consequences. However, instant gratification may be impossible at times, hence inducing psychological tension. To minimize the arising tension, id engages in the primary process of forming mental images of desired objects, including
Sigmund Freud is seen as the father of psychology. He was also the one who came up with the theory about defense mechanisms. He means that people develops defense mechanisms against anxiety. It is a way to distort reality and exclude feelings from awareness, just not to feel anxious. Those mechanisms are functions carried out by the ego.
These urges he believed were predominantly aggressive and sexual. Defense Mechanisms • Stemming of his theories of the unconscious mind Freud develops yet another theory. He employs that having to deal with the challenges of life on a day to day basis, our subconscious is at constant warfare between the realities of society/social order which is symbolized by superego and our biological needs and desires represented by id. • Freud proposes that with a high degree of these conflicting demand when are often left feeling anxious, threatened, and overwhelmed and in order to deal with these conflicts, ego indulges in a range of defense mechanisms. Defense mechanisms work subconsciously to assist an individual in getting rids of undesired feelings and/or make things feel better.