Epimysium known as tough tissue which protect outer layer of muscle. Inside the epimysium are fascicles or bundles of muscle fiber cells. The fascicles are surround by a layer of perimysium tissue which act as connective tissue. The individual muscle fiber is covered with endomysium
The pericardium- It has two layers. (i) An outer layer which contains a fibrous covering that wraps around the heart and holds it in place. (ii) An inner layer which has special fluid to lubricate the heart preventing friction from occurring.
INTRODUCTION Muscle tissue is one of the four primary tissue types consisting elongated muscle cells that are highly specialized for carrying out certain responsibilities. Muscles are responsible for movement of different parts of the body; posture; respiration; production of body heat; communication; constriction of organs and vessels and contraction of heart. General properties of muscles: Contractility is the ability of muscle to shorten forcefully although its shorten forcefully, it lengthens passively. Excitability is the capacity of muscle to respond to a stimulus. Often the stimulus is from the nerves that we consciously control.
How Skeletal and Muscular Systems Connect Together to Create Body Movement Skeletal muscles are attached to bones by tendons, which use the bones as levers to move the body and its parts. Skeletal muscle needs to pass over a joint to create movement. Muscle contraction pulls one bone towards another and thus moves the limb. Muscles never work alone, any movement results from the actions of several muscles.
The heart forces the ‘oxygenated’ blood through a range of connecting blood vessels specifically speaking arteries which travel around your body providing your cells with the necessary materials that the blood contains. As the blood reaches your cells the oxygen is released in order for the cells to function. The cells then give out waste materials which can include co2 and water. In order for your blood to receive these waste products they absorb it.
Describe the function of the heart, cardiac cycle and circulatory system Function of the heart The heart is a muscular organ that pumps and circulates blood throughout the body via a transport system of arteries and veins and capillaries. As the blood circulates throughout the body it supplies oxygen and nutrients to the tissues as well as removing carbon dioxide and harmful waste products (Tucker, 2015). The structure of arteries Arteries have thick muscular walls and a small lumen passage.
Human body consist of many different type of cells and the collection of them form the tissue. Tissue is a group of cells that is highly organized manner according to the specific function and structure which then make up organs and various part of body. (Slomianka, 2009)There are four types of tissues that make up the human body, which is epithelial tissue, connective tissue, muscle tissue and neural tissue. However, the tissue that gives support to the body and made up the bones is connective tissue. The functions of connective tissues are giving the structural framework of the human body, transport fluids and dissolve materials, protect important and delicate organs and store energy.
The long bone is that it allows movement , particularly in the limbs eg the femur (thigh bone) tibia and fibula (lower leg bones) humerus (upper arm bone), the radius and the ulna (lower arm). Metacarpals (hand bones) metersals (foot bone) and phalanges (finger and toe bone) Functions of the skeleton
NATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY In this assignment the author will describe the functions and structure of the main systems of the body and their interrelationship. 1. Explain the Function of the Heart and the structure of the Arteries, Capillaries and Veins: Function of the Heart: The heart is a muscular organ in humans which pumps blood through the bold vessels of the circulatory system.
Each conducts a different function. The adrenal cortex is the outer portion of the adrenal gland and produces steroids such as aldosterone which reabsorbs sodium and releases potassium. The adrenal cortex is vital to sustain life. The adrenal medulla is the inner part of the adrenal gland and produces adrenaline hormones such as norepinephrine and epinephrine that are used in sudden stress
How the cardiovascular system works? Image result for the cardiovascular system heart without labels The cardiovascular system consists of two circuits that blood travels through; pulmonary and systemic. Exercise has an impact on these systems, causing the heart to pump blood faster around the body, which allows you to exercise for longer.
The PNS contains somatic nervous system and the autonomic nervous system. The autonomic nervous system controls the function of internal organs like your heart, stomach, cardiac muscle, and your glands. The autonomic nervous system has an effect on the organs, muscles, and glands are all done voluntary. The autonomic nervous system can change the body temperture, send extra blood to a particular area, slow your heartbeat, and pull the stomach secretion. The somatic nervous system is made up of sensory organs and nerves that connects to the skin, also that connects to all the skeleton muscles.
The nervous system has many significant functions such as direction of your movements, focusing of the eyes, pain sensory, contraction of the muscles allowing your heart to pump sending blood and oxygen to all your vital organs and removing harmful toxins. Your brain is the control centre of the body. The most largest and complex part of the brain is the cerebrum, the centre of learning. This controls the way you use language, feel emotions and think. It is divided into two sides which are connected together by nerve bundles called the corpus callosum.