It shows symptoms of loss of motor control, pain and paraesthesia. When there is an inflammation in the white matter or gray matter region of the spinal cord or connecting with brain results myelitis. In myelitis, paralysis and sensory loss can occur due to the damage caused in myelination of the axon. Anterior spinal artery syndrome is a condition that arouse when the blood carrying artery is interrupted. It is common syndrome with symptoms of loss of sensory and motor sensation due to injury.
In this type of kyphosis, several of the vertebrae are more triangular in shape for unknown reasons. The curved spine usually becomes noticeable during adolescence. Osteoporotic kyphosis. This type is caused by thinning and loss of bone density (osteoporosis), which results in small breaks (compression fractures) in the thoracic vertebrae that causes them to become wedge-shaped over time. What are the causes?
It is a case wherein the extensor tendon that crosses the distal interphalageal joint or DIP responsible for the straightening of the finger is damaged, causing the finger to be deformed. A flexion force applied on the tip of the extended finger pushes the DIP to flex. It usually happens on many athletes. This occurs when an object, for example a ball with a high velocity strikes the finger creating a huge impact to the bones and forcibly bends it. A worse thing can happen, when the force is greater it may pull away a bone along with the tendon.
A fractured bone is immobilized by applying opposing force at both ends of the injured area, using an equal amount of traction and counter traction. Weight provides the traction pull needed or the pull is achieved by positioning the individual’s body weight appropriately. Traction is a form of closed reduction and is sometimes used as an alternative to surgery. Since it restricts movement of the affected limb or body part, it may confine a person to bed rest for an extended period of time. A person may need open reduction if there is an open, severe, or comminuted fracture.
The episodes of numbness in the chin and lower lip and the sensations of prickling (pins and needles) at the right corner of her mouth are due to the alterations in the functions of somatic nervous system. Hypoesthesia is a state of loss or decreasing the capacity of sensation in general and skin in particular. The hypoesthesia is characterized by an insufficient response against the stimulus. Paresthesia is state where the individual felt a sensation of numbness or creeping. It usually occurs in the extremities of limbs and other parts of the body such as mandible or upper jaw.
iii. According to the Mayo Clinic’s article, Frontotemporal Dementia, says that it is normally misdiagnosed as a psychiatric problem and it states that this type of dementia normally occurs at a younger age than Alzheimer’s does and it is commonly between the ages of 40 and 45. B. Symptoms i. Many people who have FTD have changes in their behavior, become impulsive, and lose their ability to speak.
The periosteum initiates fracture healing, producing new bone rapidly. It is potent in filling bone defects in fracture lines. Upon injury, the strong periosteum can act as a hinge, which can make alignment worse. On the other hand, an intact periosteum that lies usually on the concave side () holds fracture parts in contact with each other and it may assist closed
The third group would involve a deep abrasion with loss of skin, subcutaneous cover and tendon substance. The fourth group involves a few features such as transepiphyseal plate fracture in children, hyperflexion injury with fracture of articulatng surface of less than half and hyperextension injury with fracture of articulating surface more than half along with early or late volar subluxation of the distal phalanx (Parvizi & Kim, 2010, p.286). Other signs and symptoms of mallet finger would be a pop or rip sensation felt in the affected finger during time of injury. Immediately after injury, pain can be felt when the injured finger is moved. The individual might also find passive movement of the finger possible but it is difficult to straighten the bent finger at the last joint with their own strength.
The long bone is that it allows movement , particularly in the limbs eg the femur (thigh bone) tibia and fibula (lower leg bones) humerus (upper arm bone), the radius and the ulna (lower arm). Metacarpals (hand bones) metersals (foot bone) and phalanges (finger and toe bone) Functions of the skeleton The skeleton is the framework of the body; it supports the softer tissue and provides point of attachment for most skeletal muscles. The skeleton provides mechanical protection for many of the body’s internal organs, redusing risk of injury to them. Skeletal bones are attached to the muscle contract they cause bone to move, packed with over 200 bones, skeletons protect, shape support and move our bodies as well as producing red blood cells in the bone
This can affect babies if their diaphragm does not develop properly during their foetal stage, but it can also affect adults. - Muscle hernia: these occurs when part of a muscle pushes through the abdomen. They can occur in leg muscles as a result of sport injuries. Hernia can occur in any part of the body, but they mostly develop in the areas of the body between the chest and hips. Some of the most common types are discussed
An incomplete injury at the cervical level will invariably cause central cord syndrome. The occurrence of central cord syndrome is much higher amongst people who sustain hyperextension injury with the presence of degenerative change in the cervical spine, much like Mr X. The characteristic weakness in the arms compared to the legs is due to the pattern of lamination of the spinothalamic and corticospinal tracts being more medial to the central canal. Anterior cord syndrome is characterised by loss of pain and temperature sensation, and motor function, below the level of the injury whilst touch and proprioception are preserved. This syndrome is caused by damage inflicted to the anterior aspect of the spinal cord or as a result of decreased vascular supply.
Fractures could include into back or neck pain also and this stage is when the compression of the spine will be caused, this could lead to loss of height and at this is the most noticeable stage where height will be lost and it is visible. The upper back can also develop a slight curving and this will be because of a stooped posture also known as kyphosis, both neck and back pain will start to develop which could also affect breathing as the extra pressure on the airway is
With this type, people can be partially paralyzed in the body parts that are below the spinal cord opening. This can mean that the person who has this can’t walk, or they might have bladder and bowel issues. Sometimes spina bifida can be treated with surgery before or after the child is
Spinal stenosis results from the narrowing of the spinal canal. All the more particularly, the nerve paths in the vertebrae narrows, in this manner blocking and compressing nerve roots. The condition may stem from abnormalities in the aging spine, or body mechanics. Symptoms may incorporate pain in the neck, shoulder, and arm, or lower back, pain activated by strolling or remaining for expanded periods that are lightened subsequent to sitting down, or flexing forward, muscle spasms or general shortcoming, numbness and tingling or temperature changes in the legs. To Diagnose Spinal Stenosis: The determination of spinal stenosis is based upon the patient 's history of symptoms, an imaging test, and an exhaustive physical examination.