During the Archaic age of Greece, Athens and Sparta were the two most powerful city states. This period was the golden age of Greece, as it experienced expansive amounts of wealth and power. Athens and Sparta were deemed opposites, Athens being the “good guys” and Sparta being the “bad guys”. However, this idea is incorrect. Athens established the Delian League with their “allies” in order to “fight against the Persians” but this alliance was just a pawn in the Athenian chess game.
The Polis was governed by a kingship, a council of elders and a somewhat democratic assembly in which every citizen of Sparta had a specific duty, from birth, throughout based on obedience, which was to be devoted entirely to the collective Polis. This unique system set Sparta apart from the rest of Ancient Greece. It has been remarked that many admired the militaristic and highly regimented Spartan system. Aristotle, Plutarch and Xenophon seem to idolize Sparta in their writings fostering the “Spartan mirage.” However, as noted in class, while many admired the Spartan system there were not many other Polis’ willing to implement similar Lycurgian
What rules governed the selection of public office holders? In Sparta, native Spartan boys who were healthy by birth survived and became soldiers (Brand, n.d.). The Periokoi who were in Laconia and were dominated by Sparta by 750 BCE were not Spartan citizens nor slaves, but they were inferior to Spartans (Brand, n.d.). The Helots were the largest class of people living in Spartan and became slaves (Brand, n.d.). They were governed by
Since it is a one man territory, he has the power to make and break laws all by himself. He has control over almost everything that involves his state and people. Hiero himself is aware of this issue and knows that he is the most powerful and wealthiest man of that state, but he reasons this by saying, unlike private men, a tyrant’s expenses are much larger than those of private men. “Now for the tyrant a multiplicity of possessions is less adequate for his necessary expenditures than for the private man” (Ch.4, 9). Hiero goes on to say that tyrants need all these money to guard their lives and assure their safety.
It is possible that Helen could reunite with the Trojans and regrow the Trojan army and community. The few Trojans remaining give Helen an opportunity to have a group to roam with, and a strong place to live in. As the Trojans built Troy, which was a strong and well-defended city that had stood for centuries and required a 10 year war to break through many can see that the architectural talent of the Trojans is far superior to many other groups (Sutcliff). With the right amount of materials, which could be acquired from the gods that the Trojans are backed by, the Trojans could restart on the building of a new city for their members and new members to stay in. Similar to Troy, Helen could have a new home to reside in rather than facing punishments in Greece.
They were always in a war against each other. The two influential city-states were the Athens and Sparta. The Spartans had the strongest army. They started recruiting boys at the age of 7 to train and join the army; they weren’t released until they were 21 years of age. Although there army was strong the women had lots of freedom.
In today’s terms the Hoplite was a standard infantry unit. They were the ones that used the Phalanx formation with the shields and spears in hand. Hoplites were also trained in solo combat and with their sword they had the ability to kill an enemy in close combat. It is uncommon for people to think of hoplites as anything but soldiers but in reality they were also citizens of the city state. This is shown by the quote from Ronald T. Ridley’s book, ‘The Hoplite as citizen: Athenian military institutions in their social context’, which says “We have forgotten to ask what it was like to be an ordinary – or wealthy and important – citizen called upon to serve the phalanx.” The hoplite was formed due to the alliances that the city states were forming with each other.
Ruled by Ptolemy I Soter in 323 BC, he turned Egypt as part of the Hellenistic kingdoms. The rapid growth and influence of the Ptolemaic Kingdom mainly came from eagerness of Ptolemy I to further strengthen his own position as ruler. Housing the capital of Alexandria within the kingdom, Egypt became the most important learning center as libraries were constructed and Greek influence was nurtured into the part of the Egyptian culture. Egyptians with status and class, like Ptolemy I who had been recorded to have donated talents for the arts, were seen by the native Greeks as very skillful and educated. However, the political hierarchy within Egypt remained true to the traditional authoritative power of the Pharaohs.
Athens obtained the right to participate in public life and made decisions affecting the community because they were the backbone of Greece 's democracy. Athens was the great teacher to all of Greece. They were able to build Greece into a marvelous country. Money flowed through Athens and they were able to use it to create monuments, places of learning and other great buildings. They also had in their army their unstoppable triremes, ships used to ram other ships.
Mythologies have a plenty of gods who control the world. According to the Greek Mythology, gods live in Olympus, looking human down there. People expect the gods would be good at everything and have a lot of humanity. However, in the myth of ancient Greek, the gods are just like humans in some aspects. They envy because of love, fight for power, and even betray their spouses.
Athens organized a group of Greek city states into the Delian League and eventually lead and dominated all of the city states in the League. Athens’s military prowess allowed them to look down on the other members of the League and treat them as members of an empire instead of equals. This caused some to view them with hostility which sparked the conflicts between Athens and Sparta that lead to the Peloponnesian War. The direct democracy of Athens wasn’t actually as inclusive and steady as the statement at Pericles 's funeral state, “Our Constitution is called a democracy because power is in the hands not of a minority but of the whole people (Doc C).” In fact, of the 450,000 citizens of Athens in 430 BC, only about 40,000 people had the power to vote. This group of people only included white male citizens, meaning that slaves, foreign born residents, women and some men who hadn’t obtained citizenship couldn’t vote (Doc D).
Sparta had the superior land army but Athens had the better navy. However, in (insert date), something close to a miracle occurred. The long and bitter rivalry between these city-states ceased for a time and became united. What caused this change? The arrival and threat of a huge empire called Persia.
Athens and Sparta are individually a single unit, but they have differences that set them apart. Athens has numerous social classes in it’s government, they are known for their strong navy, they have democratic values, and Athens has a bigger population than Sparta. Sparta only has three social classes, they are known for their strong army, which consists of the best and most feared fighters on land, and they have militaristic values.There is a debate on which polis is superior, Athens or Sparta. Athens and Sparta are both well-developed societies, however, Sparta stands out as the superior polis because Spartan women have more rights, education was distributed equally among boys and girls in Sparta, and Sparta had a strong and united culture.
The women, of course, had limited rights and were not looked as equal to men. There were also powerful kings in the various cities that commanded large armies and fought with each other. The ancient Sumerians were known to be very creative. They are recognized as very clever inventors who created countless things to make their life simpler and comfortable. It is said that they invented the sail for boats and the wheels
City-states are cities that are their own states. They were divided up by the high plateaus which separated the different city-states. Most Greeks were proud of their city-states and each city-state had their own form of government, army, laws, and money. It was very hard to cross these mountains and nobody usually ever tried crossing the mountains because they were very hard to get over and it would take a long time. Even though Greeks were separated into these different city-states, Greeks still had many things in