Lumbar Disc Prolapse - Understanding the disorder! Description: Lumbar disc prolapse is a spinal condition that can cause lower back pain and tingling in the lower body. Learn more on Spine and Neuro Surgery Hospital India. Lumbar Disc Prolapse Overview: A lumbar disc prolapse, also known as slipped disc or herniated disc, is a condition where a fragment of the soft central disc material squeezes out due to pressure through a tear in the annulus (disc capsule). A prolapsed fragment may compress an adjacent nerve root or the multiple roots to cause the neurological symptoms.
4.2. TMDs related to Disc Derangements A disc derangement is defined as a displaced disc relative to the condyle and eminence of the temporal bone (5,9,12). Displacement of the disc affects the functional joint movement, can cause movement limitation and gives problems with functional jaw activities such as chewing, mouth opening, yawning, talking, smiling, singing and brushing teeth (92). Many etiologic factors have been suggested to explain disc derangements (93-99). Direct or indirect trauma to the jaw may cause stretching, tearing, or rupture of the disc, lateral ligament, or capsule.
Introduction: Piriformis syndrome (PS) is a neuromuscular condition with a special combination of several characteristic manifestations mainly highlighted by gluteal pain(1). Others may involve pain in the lower back area down to buttocks, paraesthesia, numbness and limitations to some weight-bearing activities like walking for long periods, standing and sitting to some degrees(1-5). Other symptoms may also include: the sciatic notch tenderness, swelling, sexual dysfunctions and splayfoot with a dominant external rotation in supine lying indicating tightness of the muscle(6). In general, four primary manifestations had the highest tendency to be found as was reported by a recent systematic review. These include: posterior buttock pain, increased sciatica symptoms with sitting, tenderness over the greater sciatic notch and positive results of Piriformis muscle tension tests
Writing to Learn Assignment #4 Phantom Pain Phantom pain is the phenomenon of pain or discomfort derived from one’s amputated limb. This phantom pain illusion is a common sensation felt in about 50-80 percent of amputees. It is often described as being in a distorted position and exhibits a burning or similarly uncomfortable sensation. Even if the sensation isn’t described as painful, patients still report feeling an itch or a twitch where their limb would have been or that their “phantom limb” feels shorter. The most commonly believed theory explaining this phantom limb illusion and the resulting pain is “irritation in the severed nerve endings”.
This will cause pinching between the shoulder blade and the arm bone when you try to move your shoulders. Shoulder impingements can arise as a result of the repetitive use of the shoulders or when you fall. Like the name suggests, a rotator cuff tear arises when a tendon or a rotator cuff muscle actually tears. These tears can either be a minor one or very sever, depending on the affected tissue and the thickness and depth of the tear. Just like shoulder impingements, tears are caused by the wearing down of the muscles of rotator cuffs overtime, or by acute traumas.
While a muscle strain doesn’t sound like a serious injury, the resulting lower back pain can be surprisingly severe and is the cause of many emergency room visits each year. There are two common types of lower back strain: A muscle strain happens when the muscle is over-stretched or torn, resulting in damage to the muscle fibers (also called a pulled muscle). A lumbar sprain happens when ligaments are stretched too far or torn. Ligaments are very tough, fibrous connecting tissues that connect bones together. A lumba support should preserve natural spinal alignment, even in upright postures.
Symptoms may range from a localized, limited form (ocular myasthenia), which affects the eye muscles, to a generalized, severe form, which affects many muscles, including those involved in breathing. Eye symptoms may manifest as drooping of the eyelids, blurred vision, or double vision. Other symptoms of myasthenia gravis include waddling or unstable gait, changes in facial expression, difficulty swallowing, impaired speech, shortness of breath, and weakness of the arms, hands, legs, and neck. When to See a Doctor Consult your doctor immediately if you experience difficulty
Neck pain is commonly associated with dull aching. Sometimes pain in the neck is worsened with movement of the neck or turning the head. Other symptoms associated with some forms of neck pain include numbness, tingling, tenderness, sharp shooting pain, fullness, difficulty swallowing, pulsations, swishing sounds in the head, dizziness or lightheadedness, and lymph node (gland) swelling. Neck pain can also be associated with a headache, facial pain, shoulder pain, and arm numbness or tingling (upper extremity paresthesias). These associated symptoms are often a result of nerves becoming pinched in the neck.
Bucket handle tear is made when the edge of the medial meniscus is torn and moved from its position. The most common symptoms are pain, swelling and locked knee. The displaced fragment comes in between the knee joint and prevents the knee from straightening, it is referred as Locked knee. In swing phase the knee reaches flexion of 60 degrees maximum and during this due to torn fragment gets stuck in middle of joint and patient is unable to complete his swing phase because of severe pain. As the knee is constantly in hyper extension it creates the over activity of rectus femoris muscle and keeps the hip in extension too.
Muscle spasm and stiffness will very often accompany neck pain. Sometimes the muscle spasm and stiffness are your body's attempt to splint the area and limit range of motion, in an effort to protect the more vulnerable structures. In other cases, muscle spasm and stiffness may be the result of stress or muscle strain. In either case, the muscle spasm and stiffness tend to trigger even more pain and inflammation, resulting in a negative feedback loop which can be difficult to interrupt. Other symptoms may be present, including pain which radiates into the shoulder, arm, upper back and/or scapula (shoulder blade.)
A psychosocial evaluation is really an evaluation for patients who have degenerative lumbar disk disease and require surgery for degenerative disk disease. Obviously, there is a significant amount of psychological overlay in these patients. Patient has dynamic instability. He has radiculopathy. He has failed conservative treatment.