(8) Particularly, Caucasians are at the risk to develop MS, especially of northern European descent. MS tends to cluster slightly within families, Though clearly not inherited in a simple Mendelian pattern, as there is a 1 to 5% risk of developing MS if a parent or sibling has the disease, and at least a 25% concordance among monozygotic twins. (5) According to a PSN report, around 5% of the people in Pakistan are afflicted by this disease and every year around 400 new cases of MS are emerging.
The vast majority of patients with ALS have no prior family history of the disease. Around 75% of individuals develop limb-onset ALS, with initial involvement occurs in the upper and lower extremities. The other 25% develop bulbar-onset ALS, with initial involvement occurring in the bulbar muscles. The bulbar muscles are considered to be the muscles of the mouth and throat that are responsible for speech and swallowing. Bulbar-onset ALS is more common in middle-aged women with the prevalent beginning stage symptoms being difficulty swallowing, chewing and
3. Symptoms in Tuner syndrome can be seen even before birth. It can be seen through ultrasound screenings Turner syndrome fetuses often have fluid in the back of the neck, heart problems, and irregular kidneys. At infancy, common symptoms include puffy legs and hands, webbed neck, low ears and hairline. The most prevalent symptom is a short stature
Small blood vessels are particularly affect in muscular tissue and inflammation of cells surround blood vessels which can lead to degeneration of muscle fibers. This muscle disorder affects both children and adults in the same manner, children usually get symptoms from age five to fifth teen years old and in adults, from the age from late forties to early
In 1993 a group of scientists discovered the mutated gene responsible for the cause of Huntington’s Disease (Roos). Nearly one hundred years between these two different studies and we can see how much we have learned in just that small amount of time. Huntington’s Disease has been recognized as an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disease, the neurons in the brain become damaged and are unable to repair,
If the body does not receive enough oxygen with these heart problems the baby will be cyanotic, or have a blue coloring. Also babies with CHD can suffer from too little blood to travel to the body. These defects are a result of underdeveloped chambers of the heart or blockages in blood vessels that prevent the proper amount of blood from traveling to the body to meet its needs. Many kids who have congenital heart defects don 't need treatment and some do. Doctors repair congenital heart defects with catheter procedures or surgery.
Pneumonia is the swelling of the tissue in one or both lungs, usually brought on by a bacterial infection, but can be as a complication of viral infections which make the body weak and more susceptible to a secondary infection. The tiny air sacs (alveoli) become inflamed and fill up with fluid making it difficult to breath. Due to the fluid build up the symptoms are a cough, but you may also have a rapid heartbeat and fever, sweats and loss of appetite as your body fights the infection. You can also experience chest pain. Croup is a a condition that is commonly found in children.
About one in every 33 babies in the United States is born with a birth defect. A birth defect, according to Kids Health, part of the Nemours Foundation’s Center for Children’s Health Media, is defined as abnormalities of structure, function, or body metabolism that are present at birth. It’s said that birth defects are one of the leading causes of infant death in the first year of life. Birth defects can range from mild to severe. MedlinePlus, The National Institute of Health’s website says that babies with birth defects may need to have surgery or other medical treatments.
Persons with cystic echinococcosis often remain asymptomatic until hydatid cysts containing the larval parasites grow large enough to cause discomfort, pain, nausea, and vomiting. The cysts grow over the course of several years before reaching maturity and the rate at which symptoms appear typically depends on the location of the cyst. The cysts are mainly found in the liver and lungs but can also appear in the spleen, kidneys, heart, bone, and central nervous system, including the brain and eyes. Cyst rupture is most frequently caused by trauma and may cause mild to severe anaphylactic reactions, even death, as a result of the release of cystic fluid. Alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is characterized by parasitic tumors in the liver and may spread to other organs including the lungs and brain.
pertussis are very common to the symptoms of a cold and the flu like sneezing, sore throat, watery eyes, runny nose, mild fever, and cough, so people can get confused thinking it is just a cold until the symptoms become more intense (Konkel.) After one or two weeks the symptoms become more severe. Extreme fatigue occurs. Coughing may be intense, rapid, repeated to the point when the person has to make a greater effort to breathe. In infants can occur apnea, pause in the rhythm of his breath.
This Neural tube defect is not as common, but it is one of the most severe cases. Each year, about 1,000 babies are affected. Anencephaly can occur when the top portion of the spinal cord doesn’t close all the way. That baby that is born with this will have little to no brain matter. The baby may be missing some of its skull, and will have birth defects of the head and face.
In another article called “Muscular Dystrophy Life Expectancy” says “Duchenne muscular dystrophy is the most common childhood form of muscular dystrophy. This condition is associated with a short lifespan. In most of the cases, children will need a wheelchair as teenagers, and they usually die in their early 20s. However, some people may live up to 40 years.” After reading this article it is sad to say that not many people live a very long life with this disorder, but I read the comments below saying that they have Limb-girdle disease and they are still alive at the age of 73 years old. I suppose the type of muscular dystrophy you have and your body type will vary on how long that they may
There are more than thirty inherited muscular dystrophy that causes the muscles to wither, and weaken. Even though there are over thirty different types, Duchenne muscular dystrophy is the most severe form of muscular dystrophy. Around three years of age is when symptoms begin to show, and with continuous muscle impairment the children that have Duchenne muscular dystrophy are normally wheelchair bound in their early teens. Following that; when the child reaches their mid to late twenties they suffer from cardiac/respiratory failure leading to death. Duchenne muscular dystrophy is a form of muscular dystrophy that only affects boys.
Hirschsprung’s Disease is a congenital condition that affects the colon which is also known as the large intestine. It is a developmental disorder of the enteric nervous system that is characterized by the absence of ganglion cells in the last part of the colon. This disease occurs in 1 out of every 5,000 live births. It affects newborns, babies and toddlers because it can show late symptoms during a child’s toddler’s years. Many parents believe Hirschsprung is just a fancy word for constipation.
Introduction: Myelomeningocele , commonly known as Spina Bifida, is a birth defect in which the spinal cord does not develop properly due to incomplete closure of the neural tube at 28 days of gestation. The overlying bones and skin are incompletely formed and the underdeveloped area of the spinal cord is exposed on the surface of the back. It is the most common multicomplex birth defect affecting the central nervous system that results in permanent disability . With advances in treatment modalities, technologies and scientific breakthroughs, persons with spina bifida in the US are living well into adulthood. Myelomeningocele management includes life -long comprehensive neurologic, urologic, musculoskeletal , skin and habiliation management.