Essay On Standard Precautions

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Importance of the Standard Precautions in Infection Prevention and Control in the Healthcare Setting:
In a healthcare environment both patients, visitors and healthcare staff are at risk of getting any type of infection. ‘Standard precautions’ are clinically based work practices published by the center of disease control in 1996 and updated in 2007 that prevent the spread of infectious diseases in healthcare settings such as hospitals, nursing homes and any other health care setting. The precautions are based on the principle that all bodily fluids, excretions, secretions, non intact skin, blood and mucous membranes may contain infectious agents that are transmissible. At a minimum level, they are the basic level of infection control precautions to
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These standard precautions require health assistant workers to implement (but not limited to) in the healthcare workplace good hand hygiene practise, the use of personal protective clothing, appropriate management of spillages of blood and body fluids, laundry, waste, sharps, and needle stick injuries, decontamination of the environment and reusable medical equipment, hygiene and cough etiquette.
The main reason behind the implementation of the Standard Precautions is to break the chain of infection with a particular emphasis on, the mode of transmission, portal of entry and susceptible host sections of the chain. The chain of infection is how an infectious disease passes from one person to another. The infectious agent can include bacteria, prions, viruses, fungi etc. The reservoir is where the agent lives and grows. The portal of exit is how the agent enters the body. The means of transmission is how the agent goes from one person to another.
A susceptible host is a non infected person who can get infected by the agent. If at least one of these chains is broken successfully it will prevent sickness and illness spreading in a healthcare
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