As a result of State succession, Latvia and Estonia hold a number of 262,802 and 88,076 stateless people respectively. Similarly, other former soviet republics have thousands of stateless persons in their territories. Lastly, in the Middle East and North Africa, Syrian Arab Republic (160,000) and Kuwait (93,000) are among the states with relatively high numbers of stateless populations. This is the result either of the arbitrary deprivation of nationality from minority groups by a State’s act, as is the case in Syria, or discriminatory nationality laws which do not allow women to pass on their nationality to their
The statelessness issue is usually comes as a result of legal or political issue. Unfortunately, it has a highly negative impact especially on children, women, old people, and ethnically diverse people. Therefore, it has serious negative humanitarian effects for those who have no state, for example, they do not have any legal protection or any right to political participation, rather thanextreme poverty, inadequate and poor access to healthcare and education, highly travel restrictions, complexity to own property, sexual and physical harassment or violence, and poor employment prospects. States have the sovereign right to decide the processes and conditions for acquirement and suspension of citizenship, however statelessness and disputed nationalities can
1. Do you know that according to the US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), there are over 600,000 homeless people in the United States of America on any given night? 2. More than one-third of the homeless people in the United States spend their nights in the cars or under the bridges and some of them just live unsheltered. 3.
“-Three out of every 1,000 people worldwide are in forced labour today. -18.7 million (90 %) are exploited in the private economy, by individuals or enterprises. Of these, 4.5 million (22 per cent) are victims of forced sexual exploitation and 14.2 million (68 per cent) are victims of forced labour exploitation in economic activities, such as agriculture, construction, domestic work or manufacturing. -2.2 million (10%) are in state-imposed forms of forced labour, for example in prisons, or in work imposed by the state military or by rebel armed forces. -5.5 million (26 %) are below 18 years.
This was something that I found surprising because of the historical events leading up to the ratification of the Declaration. The Jews and Armenians had no way of protecting themselves; countries that were invaded had no way of protecting themselves; people who were ruled by tyrants had no way of protecting themselves. Should the people be allowed to defend themselves from the rule of tyrannical governments, genocide/persecution, and domestic or foreign threats? I feel that this is a massive weakness because if the Declaration of Human Rights was established to give human rights, then why did it not allow the people to have the right to protect themselves. Overall, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights has its strengths and weaknesses, however, one cannot deny its historical significance of creating a common standard of universal human rights.
A stateless person is a person who is not considered as a national by any state under the operation of its law. Nationality determines the political status of the individual, especially with reference to allegiance . Nationality arises either by birth or by naturalisation. Universal Declaration of Human rights under Article 15 determines the “right to nationality”. Citizenship is a status of a person recognised under the custom of a law of a state that bestows on that particular person.
The International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights (ICESC) and International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) place the right in their first article. It reads, “All Peoples have the right of self-determination. By virtue of that right, they freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development.” Moreover, the International Court of Justice has confirmed the right of people to self-determination by considering it as an “erga omnes”, i.e., an obligation owed by all states to all community as a whole. In addition in 1992, the United Nations passed a declaration on the rights of persons belonging to national or ethnic, religious and linguistic
First, an omission of any of abovementioned criteria could mean impunity for certain human rights violations. Secondly, it contains some kind of a challenge to the concept of the state sovereignty. In general, the sovereignty is understood as supremacy of the state power within its territory and independence out of it. However, the accuracy of such formulation is quite relative (Lukashuk,
Introduction ‘statelessness is indeed a broad human rights issue, even as it retains a distinct technical dimension’ said Guy Goodwin-Gill. Statelessness which is continuing to be a world wide sphere has effect over ten million unfortunate people which can be found around every country in the world not only one specific location. Stateless people reside in everywhere but most of them live in Asia. As in publish researches show some examples of stateless people that some are the Kenyan Nubians living in Africa, some are hill tribes living in the north of Thailand, some are indigenous group in India, some are Dominicans of Haitian descent living in the Caribbean. Most of stateless people are likely to live in one place because of movement restriction
Rising levels of childlessness are contributing to falling birth rates and strengthening prospects of prolonged population decline in many industrialized countries. Developing countries with higher fertility rates have a different scenario; in addition fertility issues, infertility and childlessness has a deep cultural dimension. Being childless has a wide range of consequences in many developing countries; in terms of social stigma, familial violence, and psychological or economic disadvantages. This study focuses on childlessness of Bangladesh, a South Asian country, where population is one of the major problem but fertility rates decline in the last few decades sharply. Evidence from recent DHS survey indicates that distribution of childlessness