Essay On Substantive Criminal Law

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The main object of criminal law is to protect society against offenders and law-breakers. To fulfil this object law holds out threats of penalties to prospective lawbreakers and also make the actual offenders suffer the prescribed punishments for their crimes. Criminal law consists of both the substantive criminal law and the procedural criminal law. Substantive criminal law gives the definition of offences and also prescribes punishments for the same, while the procedural law prescribes the procedure to administer the substantive law. The principal statues which deals with administration of criminal justice in our country are criminal procedure code i.e. Crpc and Indian penal code i.e. Ipc and Indian evidence act,1872. In earlier days there was no criminal law in the present sense. Every man was prone to be attacked in his person or property by any one. The person attacked either succumbed or over-powered his opponent. "A tooth for a tooth, an eye for an eye, a life for a life" was the forerunner of criminal justice. As time advanced, the injured person agreed to accept compensation, instead of taking revenge from his adversary. Subsequently, a sliding scale came into existence for satisfying ordinary offences. Such a system gave…show more content…
Firstly the investigation and evidence processes involved in criminal justice system in our country are addressed and then Its flaws are discussed further. At the outset of this chapter the researcher would like to state that after a detailed discussion over the problems certain measures are suggested which could be used to curb the problems and side by side would result in a fair and expeditious
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