The Arduous Struggle Against Communism The Cold War was not the stereotypical war, instead, it involved many different strategies and approaches to try and resolve a conflict between two great powers. Although the United States and Soviets had fought together during World War II, they soon entered a time of pressure between the two, better known as the Cold War. The textbook explains the policy of containment as a way of fighting communism with the use of the military, military aid, and economic aid(Ayers,et al 819). The three presidents that were in office during the Cold War preferred using different aspects of the policy and each president’s mistakes helped influence the next president 's choices. Before the Cold War, Truman had been the one to make the final decision to use the first nuclear bomb and he saw the devastation it had brought with it.
While Truman, Eisenhower, and Kennedy all had the same same Cold War intention of ending communism, their ways of achieving their goal were different.The Cold War was an angry dispute between the United States and the Soviet Union about whether we should spread or contain communism (Ayres 817). According to Edward Ayres in American Anthem: Reconstruction to the Present all three Presidents used some form of Economic Aid, how we help other countries financially; Military Aid, how we help other countries’ militaries; and finally, Military Use, how we utilise our military (Ayres 817).
The United States envisioned to avoid soviet expansion, but democratic idealism instead. The United States gave military aid to prevent soviet expansion. Each thought that their own language, views, and ideologies were the only valuable and worthy visions. Initially, the United States mistrusted the Soviet Union after World War I for taking Russia out of the war, opposed of a communist driven state, and did not trust the soviets as an ally of Nazi Germany. Soviets distrusted Americans because of the delayed attack on Germany.
Countries act in ways that will best promote their power . In our current world, the best way to promote one’s own power is by aligning themselves with the hegemon, which is usually seen as the United States. One example of this would be the way the western world attempts to limit the rising power of Russia through economic sanctions. Ultimately, the Democratic Peace Theory does not explain why democracies go to war since it ignores that the potential for power and differing ideologies determine every regime type, including democracies, thus war is a possibility whenever ideologies are radically different and power can be gained through
The March Revolution, a nationalist movement, began mainly because of the want for a constitution. Prussia’s leader, Frederick William IV, was afraid of giving them a constitution because he was weak. He was a bad leader since Prussia’s success was only because of the work of administrators in the government, and they were the ones favoring a constitution. The March Revolution had some success because in response to the revolts, Frederick William IV allowed a Prussian assembly to be created. The ones elected wanted to unite with Germany to challenge Russia.
The treaty has reasonable requests of both sides and favorites neither side. The treaty is called the “most comprehensive nuclear arms limitations agreement ever negotiated.”(The Record of Jimmy Carter, 5) This statement is indeed true however, it was a treaty negotiated not put into practice. The treaty would have had great contribution to the Soviet Afghan War and significantly dull the Soviet force. The Carter Administration did not ratify the treaty and the treaty itself did not directly impact the war. This true statement without contextualization can give this piece of the Carter doctrine much more merit in a discussion of its contributions to the Soviet Afghanistan War of
The competition between United States and the Soviet Union was so fierce. No one state wants their country defeat. That is why they strengthen their security and always have a look and compare to others. Despite the name is security dilemma, but it doesn’t mean that the dilemma only turn up in military field. The security dilemma also affects and turns up in politic fields.
The democratic countries did not want Communism to spread to their countries and threaten their democracy. NATO, was made to defend countries from the Soviet Union taking over their nation, and the Truman Doctrine, the United States would help other countries affected by the Soviet Union spreading Communism, were created to stop Communism, which also caused the Soviet Union to also be afraid. The Soviet Union is not advanced as the United States, since, “The technology of war had changed, and Stalin’s simple response was to want the USSR to stay abreast of the transformation… In foreign policy, he felt nervous about the USA’s ambitions” (Service 301). The Soviet Union is worried about what the United States are capable of and what they want, which is to stop Communism. USSR taking over Eastern Europe and spreading Communism allows them to get resources from the European countries and protect themselves from the Western front.
And, third the defense of the Soviet Union and how they simply were protecting themselves through security and influence. The United States and the Soviet Union following World War II gained World power in two vastly different ways. The United States through capitalism gained economic strength which separated them from most of the countries across the globe. The two major developments at this time which added to the growth of the United States as a World power was: first, the science and technological sources towards the military. Besides from the development of the atomic bomb, the United States had superior weaponry and strategy at this time.
The spread of communist ideals was the main cause of The Cold War; the political and economical differences between the Soviet Union and the United States of America created high tension between such countries. As a capitalist country, United States wanted to promote democracy and free markets, while communist USSR wanted to make sure that the communist ideals spread all over the world. After World War II ended, the Soviets created a sphere of influence in which they established communist governments in several other countries. This angered and worried a lot the United States so they created the Containment policy and formed NATO to try to stop the spread of Communism. In return, the USSR formed the Warsaw Pact to formalize military relations with its allies and spread communism in third-world countries.