Hip fracture Hip fractures are responsible for the most serious consequences of osteoporosis. In the United States, more than 250,000 hip fractures annually are attributable to osteoporosis. A 50-year-old white woman is estimated to have a 17.5% lifetime risk of fracture of the proximal femur. The incidence of hip fractures increases each decade from the sixth through the ninth for both women and men for all populations. The highest incidence is found among men and women ages 80 or older b. Vertebral fracture Between 35% and 50% of all women over 50 had at least one vertebral fracture.
200 million women worldwide are estimated to have osteoporosis where 1 in 3 women over age 50 will experience osteoporotic fractures. Almost 75% of hip, spine and distal forearm fractures occur among 65 years old or over. Prevalence of osteoporosis stated by IOF is about 25% of hip fracture occur in men and the range of mortality is about 25% in the first 12 months after hip fracture.
This deformity can be caused by a variety of problems, including: • Osteoporosis. This bone-thinning disorder can result in crushed vertebrae (compression fractures). Osteoporosis is most common in older adults, particularly women, and in people who have taken high doses of corticosteroids for long periods of time. • Disk degeneration. Soft, circular disks act as cushions between spinal vertebrae.
As Marya Hornbacher states: “We think of bulimia and anorexia as either a bizarre psychosis, or as a quirky little habit, a phase, or as a thing that women just do. We forget that it is a violent act, that it bespeaks a profound level of anger toward and fear of the self” (Hornbacher 123). Eating disorders are a form addiction, and must be treated as such. Treatment such as counseling, hospitalizations, and medications such as antidepressants and antipsychotics are still used today. However, the media has taken great lengths to change their usage of body types, such as discontinuing the use of photoshop to correct stretch marks or fat rolls in models.
Definition of Osteoporosis: Osteoporosis is a medical condition in which the bones become brittle and fragile from loss of tissue, usually as a result of hormonal changes, or deficiency of calcium or vitamin D. Osteoporosis is a cause of important morbidity and mortality in postmenopausal women as well as men. In both men and women, increasing age and low bone mineral density (BMD) are the 2 most important independent risk factors. Bone density is at its utmost in our early 20s. But as we age, we can lose bone mass from a variety of factors. Osteoporosis or its early warning sign, osteopenia.
Osteoporosis is one of the major public health issues, worldwide including Malaysia. As the average life expectancy of the world’s population increases, so does the proportion of the population suffering from osteoporosis. According to Kinsella and Wan (2008), from 2010 to 2040, the world population ≥65 years of age will double from about 506 million in 2008 to 1.3 billion by 2040, accounting for 14% of the world’s total population; those aged 80 or older is projected to double from 2010 until 2050. Osteoporosis will affect the overall health, social interaction and productivity of a person’s life as the fractures occur can lead to disability. Women who fell more often after their fracture reported decreased social participation independent of their physical function (Miller et al, 2009).
This is one example of the many social and peer pressures in life, which can cause people to question their own judgment of right and wrong, or even change their opinions. Eating disorders are classified as a range of psychological disorders that are abnormal. There are many types of eating disorders that affect people and their families. Society is lead to believe that women are the only ones affected by eating disorders, but in reality, men are affected as well. Eating disorders are about physical problems, as well as,
The rate of anorexia, bulimia and other eating disorders has risen in the last few decades in correlation with the impact and availability of the media. The influence of reality TV shows like “Toddlers and Tiaras” has increased the nation’s obsession with our
Thus, they compare themselves to the models in fashion magazines or on television; this, in turn, can lead to body shame and is might put women at risk for the development of eating disorders and depression. Their desire to be thin can cause a very serious disease-anorexia. Doctors define anorexia as an emotional disorder characterized by an obsessive desire to lose weight by refusing to eat. It is not about food, it is more an emotional issue. “A new study shows that people with eating disorders do not react to sweet flavors the way healthy people do, however, leading evidence to the hypothesis that brain differences predispose people toward bulimia and anorexia.” As it was mentioned before, anorexia it is not about food and weight, eating disorders are much more complicated than that.
Body issues are incredibly common among adults, but we would never think that children would be experiencing what we think about at an older age. In America, by age 10 80% of girls have been on a diet. For men and boys, from anorexia nervosa to binge eating and bulimia, eating disorders affect 10 million men and boys, or about ⅓ of sufferers. But we can stop these issues before they become even more harmful. One of the main topics that we’ll be covering will be what kinds of food and snacks you can give your child that will help with their image.