The Space Race (1950-1960s), was an event that has influenced many generations of human race. In the Second half of the twentieth century, the world’s leading power, the United States of America and the Union of Socialist Republics (USSR) were engaged in a global competition, also known as the cold war, where they were trying to influence “non aligned” nations to take a side in the war. Military, political, scientific and diplomatic effort would affect the balance of power in the world, the loser will fall and will lost the ability to control his sphere of influence. Both nations went to the moon, however only the USA made it back to the Earth. The Space Race has revolutionized the world, people 's societal views , and helped humanity in several
While historians have mixed opinions on the impact of the Space Race and Arms Race on the Cold War, it is undeniable that their legacy still impacts modern life. The US and the USSR were the main to participants in the Arms Race that followed WWII. The US began the Arms Race already equipped with the technology to form atomic bombs, like they had demonstrated in WWII. However, they were surprised with how quickly the USSR caught up to them when they tested their first atomic bomb in 1949. Both sides were fearful that they would be caught in a “missiles gap,” meaning that they had less missiles or warheads than the other side.
It put the USA’s and the USSR’s space/rocket development programs up against each other to put the first man in space and then onto the moon. The Space Race had its roots in the Arms Race and the Nuclear Rocket Program. As more and more money was piled into the Race it finally bore fruit for the Soviets on October 4, 1957, “a Soviet R-7 intercontinental ballistic missile launched Sputnik, the world’s first artificial satellite and the first man-made object to be placed into the Earth’s orbit” (The Space Race). The Americans put their own up the following year, Explorer 1, in the next 12 years’ great steps would be made in the field of Rocket propulsion systems and man would go into space, finally culminating with Neal Armstrong landing on the Moon in 1969. All these steps in Space exploration would never have been possible if the USA and USSR had not been continuously trying to improve on their own rocket systems in order to get ahead of each other in the Cold War.
All of this took place near Aramil in the Soviet Union. The objective behind, what you call a successful mission, was to intercept America’s U-2 spy aircraft, basically messing up their mission. An American U-2 spy plane is shot down while conducting espionage over the Soviet Union. The incident derailed an important summit meeting between President Dwight D. Eisenhower and Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev that was scheduled for later that month. The U-2 Incident is very significant, not just to the cold war, but to the United States of America because Nikita Khruschev wanted to wreck relations between the two countries, Eisenhower was president at the time, and Khruschev announced that he would no longer deal with the United States of America until Eisenhower was out of
(History in Hiroshima) The meeting between them is very marked by the recriminations and the great suspicions between the Americans and the Soviets. The large Russian armies that were occupying most of Eastern Europe. “Truman and many of his advisers hoped that the United States atomic monopoly might offer diplomatic leverage with the Soviets.”(WWII Part 4) In this way, the explosion of the atomic bomb in Japan can be seen as the first of many shots of the Cold War. (The Hiroshima Bombing) If all US officials really believed that they could use their great atomic monopoly to gain more diplomatic advantage, they had very little time to put their plan into action and do it successfully. In 1949, the Soviets had developed their own atomic bomb and began the nuclear arms
To further the illustration, the Soviet Union learned Eisenhower was beginning to stockpile weapons leading the development of the Soviet Union own H-Bomb. Next Soviets launched the first intercontinental ballistic missile, and the United States countered by deploying intermediate range missiles in allying European countries. Each country raising the stakes, nudging the other to retaliation in weapon advancements. 2. Describe how differing ideologies led to increased Cold War
The United States stayed in the war the entire time with South Korea. Yet the spread of Communism was slowing down on its own in Korea, so there was no need to be involved in the Korean War. This is evidenced in the book The 2nd Infantry Division Vol. III, which notes that “Chinese Communists that were helping in the North slowed down.” When Truman heard about the Chinese involvement and the slowing of the communist moment through his generals, he was ecstatic. Communism was finally starting to come close to an end on its own, so there was no need for the United States to be involved to stop it, but the United States went to war
Lee states: “ (...) the pact was not necessary for Russia.” Laqueur, an American historian, argue that “it should not be assumed that without the pact Germany would have attacked Russia.” During 1939 Stalin focused on the Balkan States. In the end of 1939, Stalin launched about 20 Soviet divisions against 15 Finish. However, the Soviets experienced humiliating casualties before they were actually successful in taking the land in the beginning of 1940. From 1940 and the first half of 1941, the relationship between the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany was becoming evidently worse. Hitler, expressed his view on the Winter War (the attack launched against the Finish) and regarded it “entirely unnecessary”.
The defeat of Soviet Union left the USA as a single hegemony of the world, making it the only super power country with no rival to be fight against for the title. It can be understood why there is no more direct conflict between the great powers. Although there was no direct war between the USA and the Soviet Union, “proxy wars” have been happening since then. Proxy war is a conflict which happen because it is incited by major powers without them actually engaged in it. In this case, either the USA and the Soviet Union assist their allies on fighting the
Most debate and controversies surrounding space exploration could be seen becoming most prevalent after the cold war when the Soviet Union collapsed. As both the U.S and Russia's past rivalry were left behind, the incentive for space exploration dwindled and eventually became more about a "cheaper" and "faster" way to provide results. The result from a "cheaper" and "faster" method has made a post-cold war generation question the mere importance of space exploration. Matters that include poverty, war, disease, or politics have become more prevalent in the 21st century. People today raise many arguments including the mere cost of just funding space programs, let alone send a shuttle to space.