After the American Revolution, the Americans were finally able to break away from British rule. They knew they needed to create a government and with that, the Articles of Confederation were born. However, the Articles gave the states too much power and gave almost none to the federal government. The Founders scrapped the Articles and created a new document, the Constitution, which gave more power the federal government than the state governments. In spite of this, not everyone was happy about the new Constitution.
The new government, the Constitution, is now able to enforces taxes, which allowed money to come in and the government was able to pay off their debt. One other weakness of the articles was that it gave all power to only one house of representative from each state, the constitution try to solve this matter that creating three separate branches of power, the Legislative branch, Executive branch, and the Judiciary branch, allowing the power to be more divided. Representation was another problem in under the Articles of Confederation because a big state like Massachusetts and a small state like New Jersey both have the same amount of representatives, the Constitution made a compromise by forming two house in Congress the Senate, where each state get equal representation, and the House of Representatives, where each state is represented by the population of the state. The Constitution also fixed the problem of passing a law; under the Articles of Confederation, laws can only be passed if 9 out of 13 representatives agrees on the law because of this not much laws were passed, now under the Constitution only 51 percent of the votes to pass the law. From this readers can infer that the Constitution fixed many of the defects in the Articles
Even today this is something that we want to be true, but it may not always be. If the wealthy had all the power to create laws, then our country would have been run solely by wealth. If this were to be true, the idea of eugenics, mentioned in chapter three, could have easily been carried out in America with things such as the spread of birth control use and the sterilization of those seen as unfit to reproduce. Today it is easy to recognize that the idea of eugenics is something to stay away from, but at the time is was considered a normal science. Eugenics was something that had the capabilities of changing the world we live in today.
The Articles of Confederation was the first written constitution of the United States after it declared independence from Great Britain. The Articles created a weak central government because of the fear that too much centralized political power would jeopardize liberty. It stated that the new national government be a “perpetual union.” The Articles formed a loose confederation of sovereign states. The central government could make treaties and alliances, keep up armed forces, and coin money but lacked the ability to levy taxes and regulate commerce. Another weakness was that without a president to enforce the laws or interpret them, the major decisions required the approval of nine states rather than a simple majority.
This function of judicial review is not meant for specific cases but more importantly to guide the other two branches and we could say that thanks to this, the Supreme Court can actually modify laws to its preferences and interests. This is one of the main features that lead people to believe it is the most powerful branch of American government and even though it may sound extreme, we could very well say that the way the Supreme Court can declare something unconstitutional is unconstitutional
Many Americans who were not wealthy supported the Constitution was because they believed that the United States needed a new and stronger national government. They believed that this government could provide the stability and security against violent outrages. The foil of these people were the Antifederalist. The Antifederalists offered three objections: that the Congress had conspired under a “veil of mystery” to create a new form of government, that a strong national government would destroy states’ rights, and that the new system of government resembled and monarchy and that violated the principle of liberty that guided the American Revolution. They also pointed that the voters will not directly
The 24th amendment reads as followed “The Twenty-fourth Amendment of the United States Constitution prohibits both Congress and the states from conditioning the right to vote in federal elections on payment of a poll tax or other types of tax”. The Amendments that led up to the 24th were just as significant, but brought no real change. This was huge for the equal rights movement and gave African-Americans a real opportunity to vote and have a voice in politics to one day change the lives of them and their children to come. Poll taxes were a capital tax that applied equally to adults. They were a decent form of revenue for some governments until the mid-1800s.
The United States started with The Articles of Confederation and while it was the first official unionization for the country, there were many weaknesses in it; we were unable to function efficiently as a whole. A federal system would be more beneficial over a confederation because it would give all provinces the opportunity to send a representative for their area to represent their needs and there would be a balance in power so that no area is being favored over the
Democracy is a political system in which it restricts the government and enlarges the people, this also expands the power of the citizens. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the impact that the Bill of Rights has had on advancing democracy in the United States. The Bill of Rights is a collection of the first ten amendments of the U.S constitution that are used to protect our civil rights and liberties. According to Goldstein (1988) "Beginning with the words "Congress shall make no law ...," these amendments limited only the power of the federal (not the state) governments." But there are many cases that overthrow this believing.
"As Americans, we possess the right to freedoms that many other countries are unable to acquire. Being an American embodies the connotative definition of freedom and equality in the minds of those in third world countries. Many less fortunate countries suffer from tyranny because government officials have the right to violate privacy. With a violation of privacy comes a lack of free speech and expression coupled with conformed, fear stricken citizens. The founders of our land of the free implemented a measure to prevent dictatorships such as these that strip people of their individualism.