What if the destruction of language and the past can be used as tools to manipulate the minds of people? In the novel 1984, by George Orwell, this is exactly what is happening. Winston, who works in the ministry of truth in Oceania erases the past by rewriting it. It is a scary world in Oceania when even a movement on your face is enough to be vaporized. Winston must control his thoughts in order to stay alive.
It is what truly, physically manipulates the freedom and speech of people to be deemed fit to control the population, an obvious example of limiting the intellectual freedom and creativity among people. A pronounced example of censorship in 1984 are the acts of the Ministry of Truth and the use of so-called “Memory Holes” to free the public of Big Brother’s inconsistencies. This is done by using “Speak-Write” machines to change news articles and pictures of the past to prove current party reports legitimate and favorable. Such was the work of Winston, as his job was to find these old articles and mark out the inconsistencies, changing history for the needs of the Party. He believes that if people are able to verify a claim with an external source, even a lie can become truth, as Winston
“War is peace. Freedom is slavery. Ignorance is strength” (Orwell 17). The chilling dystopia presented in 1984 exemplifies the malicious nature of totalitarian governments in their pursuit of power and the various methods implemented to achieve control over the population. Using psychological manipulation and fear through war, falsehoods, and torture, Big Brother retains absolute control over one’s thoughts and actions, and thus strips the individual of humanity.
The Party brainwashes the citizens of this society by completely changing the history of the world to show themselves as the greatest thing in the world. The Party even goes as far as creating its own language, Newspeak, which is just a simpler version of the English language. The monitoring of citizens is nonstop through the use of the telescreens, television-like devices that watch your every move, and the Thought Police. The citizens must also be extremely cautious of what they say and even think because any negative statement, action, or thought concerning the Party or Big Brother will result in vaporization by the Thought Police if caught. The public is under constant reminder to “stay in line” due to the posters all over town reading “Big Brother is Watching You.” The destruction of language and the past are tools to whose use manipulates people into believing anything because it lowers the range of
However, such control can vanish if encountered with situations that are extraordinarily stressful. In the book Lord of the Flies by William Golding, we are able to see this type of behavior. This book proves how violent a group of boys can become when they are trapped on an island without any adult supervision. They will have to form an ordered society to maintain the democratic system they had back in England.
With diverse ethnicities, occupations, and ideologies, individuality is an innate part of humanity. Independent thought and reasoning is encouraged as means to a smarter and safer society. However, in the dystopian novel 1984 by George Orwell, the ruling government strives to alienate humanity’s individuality in an attempt to consolidate power. Orwell depicts an oppressive society ruled by the ruling class called the Party, where Winston, an individual, struggles against the totalitarian government. By the end of the novel, Winston is destroyed and the Party continues to dictate conformity among the masses.
The crux of all dystopian elements in 1984 is the political ideology practiced in Oceania called Ingsoc. Ingsoc is short for English Socialism and is called thus in the language of Oceania, Newspeak. Ingsoc as depicted in the novel is quite contrary to the political ideology of socialism; in fact it is quite the opposite. Ingsoc as propagated by the regime in Oceania is means of exercising totalitarianism and absolute power over the people. This paper attempts to trace the origins of Ingsoc and the impact it had on the lives of the citizens of Oceania.
The Party in 1984 Oceania has one main goal: keep the citizens under their complete control. The Party as a group is a massive force that will stop for nothing. Their altercation of the past and the spewing of propaganda tv’s keep the people believing the Party’s every word. The corruption has gone so far that they even drag on wars to make people have a strong sense of togetherness and nationalism. In the book 1984, the villainous qualities of the Party create the biggest impact on the story by causing hatred, converting minds, and creating a new Winston.
In response, Winston is trying to escape and fight the system. He is aware of the oppression of Big Brother and understand the dictatorship the community faces. The proposal of Big Brother is to strip away the human qualities, such as emotion, so that everyone is alike and easier to control. To contrast, Winston is able to tell the difference and able to detect the false ideas of tyranny and disobeys the rules. His first rebellion was writing his thoughts
The two control methods are related as they contribute to one purpose the totalitarian control over the people of Oceania. The people are physiologically manipulated as discussed by the mental control measures, and physically forced into loving Big Brother. This is one of the methods the government uses to control people’s minds, by placing fear into them. The fear in 1984 limits the people into even thinking of challenging the government. The emotional trauma the people suffer is the fear they have when the government catches them not abiding to the laws.