The endocrine system is such an important system to the body because it functions the bodies use of hormones. The body uses many different hormones and the endocrine system regulates these. When the glands of the endocrine system secrete the hormones, the hormones are put into the bloodstream to be sent to the different parts of the body. The glands that comprise the endocrine system are the hypothalamus, the pituitary gland, and the pineal gland which are all located in the brain, the thyroid, parathyroid, and thymus which are located in the throat, the adrenals and pancreas which are located in the body’s midsection, and the ovaries (female) and testes (male) which are located in the pelvic region. The system is so important because it regulates the body’s metabolism, growth and sexual development, digestion, heart rate, and many of the other body functions regulated by hormones. The first three glands are all located in the brain. The hypothalamus gland connects the endocrine system to the nervous system and also regulates when …show more content…
The adrenals are known for making the hormone adrenaline but also, they make the corticosteroids which affect your metabolism and sexual function. The pancreas is part of the the digestive system and the endocrine system. It makes the hormones insulin and glucagon. These help ensure you have the right amount of sugar in your bloodstream and your cells. If you don 't make any insulin, which is the case for people with type one diabetes, your blood sugar levels can get dangerously high and if the body makes some insulin but not enough, that is type two diabetes. The ovaries are found only in women. They make the hormones estrogen and progesterone which help develop breasts at puberty, regulate the menstrual cycle, and support a pregnancy. The last gland in the endocrine system are the testes. The testes play a large role in making testosterone and also in making
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The hypothalamus communicates to each lobe differently. The hypothalamo-hypophyseal tract system is the specific way the hypothalamus communicates with the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland. It is a nervous system connection with direct connecting neurons. The neurons are located in the hypothalamus and then axons extend down to the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland. The neurons produce hormones that slide down the axons and end up in the posterior lobe.
According to the research by American Cancer Society, 1 out of 4 people are diagnosed as pituitary tumor without knowing it, because most of the tumors are benign and small, they seldom cause serious health problems. Based on the two-week research on the topic of pituitary tumor, which is a type of brain cancer, this paper is going to have a general introduction to the pituitary tumor, the diagnosis and symptoms, and some treatment options. Pituitary gland locates at the base of the brain and is right behind the eyes, it only weights about 0.5 gram. Although the pituitary gland is small, it is about 1cm3 big, which is similar to the size of a pea, it is known as the “master gland” because it is responsible for produce many different kinds of
The immune system, which fights off infections and other harmful material in the body, mistakenly destroys beta cells in the pancreas. These beta cells are known as islet tissue which assist in producing insulin in the body. The exact reason for why the immune system damages these
Cortisol is a steroid hormone, the main glucocorticoid hormone made in the cortex of adrenal glands. It is responsible for regulating the metabolism of proteins, fats, and carbohydrates. Cortisol is responsible for maintenance of homeostasis. Cortisol is a stress hormone that releases under severe stress.
To begin the word, “endocrine,” comes from two Greek words the first of which being, “Endo,” meaning within and, “crinis,” meaning to secrete. What a gland generally does is it will remove substances from its specific location, process them, then secretes a new chemical to be used somewhere else in the body. This secretion is what we call hormones and these hormones are typically constantly circulating through the body. Even though these hormones are constantly flowing around the body, though each hormone is used to target a certain organ or tissue. If the body is in need the endocrine system can receive extra hormones from organs that have a secondary endocrine function.
The liver produces hormones and proteins, in addition to cholesterol and affects the way the body grows and heals. It also converts existing amino acids into proteins and creates new amino acids. And it is these proteins that are the building blocks of the hormones,
The pituitary is a small gland found inside the skull just below the brain and above the nasal passages, which are above the fleshy back part of the roof of the mouth (known as the soft palate). The pituitary sits in a tiny bony space called the sella turcica. The nerves that connect the eyes to the brain, called the optic nerves, pass close by it. Is a small neuro-endocrine organ with a diameter of only 1 centimetre,
Exercise 4, Activity 2: Plasma Glucose, Insulin, and Diabetes Mellitus By: Kelsey Clark Anatomy & Physiology II–CL7 Dr. Bruner February 20, 2018 INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: The endocrine system helps regulate homeostasis by producing and secreting hormones. When talking about Plasma Glucose, Insulin, and Diabetes Mellitus, the endocrine organ that is involved is the pancreas. The pancreas produces Glucagon and Insulin.
The reproductive system is made up of the vagina, cervix, urethra, uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes. This paper will go in depth on these subjects. This paper will explain the function, details, and how to tell what is wrong. These reproductive systems are important to bring a healthy baby into the world. If any thing is wrong with any of these body parts something can go majorly wrong, which is why you need things such as pap smears.
Progesterone is a hormone which the female body produces to conceive. The Progesterone hormone is formed in the ovaries, hence women produce this hormone and have considerably higher levels of progesterone compared to men. A Progesterone Blood Test calculates the amount of progesterone levels in the bloodstream. While in case of men, the role of Progesterone hormone is to create or generate sperms also called as spermatogenesis.
Case Study 1 – The Endocrine System Christina D’Amico University of Saint Joseph Abstract A fifteen-year-old boy with many hormonal abnormalities starting at the age of eleven suffered from joint pain and swelling along with poor bone growth and development. He broke his left hip and had low levels of testosterone and high levels of growth hormone resulting in gigantism and later acromegaly.