The end of the 11th century was the beginning of the first campaign called Crusade, which was later followed by other crusades. It was a period of great fighting for the lands and religious ideologies between Christians and Muslims. In other words it was a period of big changes, when thousands of peasants and soldiers died and a lot of towns were devastated. The first crusade was the biggest movement of Christians to Holy land. In comparison with other campaigns it was the most successful. Different factors such as military strength, weakness of the opponent and religious motives played a key role in supporting Christians to establish global dominance. During the First Crusade, Christians had very strong military and strong leaders, which …show more content…
The speech of Urban II at Clermont in 1095 was the special moment, when he promised and guaranteed that any person who will join to the campaign would get Holy land and place in heaven. At that time believe in God and Holy land was very popular, so Urban II mostly affected on moral of the people. The effect was stunning; people from all parts of Western Europe started to think that moving to Jerusalem is their duty. Actually the main purpose of Urban II was to unite all Christians in Europe and to achieve his aim completely he reminded people that their lands are poor, while Muslims live in Holy lands under good conditions. Citizens were now strongly motivated and ready to invade irreligious opponents. They thought that Jerusalem was their spiritual home and they need to protect it. Their morale was so strong, so that they didn’t fear death. Different battles may prove their morale strength. For example battle of Dorel against the Turks and Seljuk on 1 July 1097, when a small amount of crusaders won a crushing victory over many thousands of Muslims. Obviously Urban II was important figure during the First Crusade. He knew how to persuade people, so that they believed that he was right. That is why morale was a strong weapon of Christians, which was very useful to achieve their goal. Interestingly some historians like John Ward said that the First Crusade and following campaigns is a “movement of violent white supremacist colonialism”. According to this view, Christians look as expansionist aggressors, while Muslims are victims. But there are also opposite views, which state that movement to Holy lands is a defensive action to protect Christians from irreligious
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Not only did knights and soldiers become Crusaders, but many other people did also. Whole families, servants, common people, and even Monks became Crusaders. The whole society, including women, picked up their lives and went on the Crusade. 3) Why was Pope Urban II the ideal figure to orchestrate the First Crusade in 1095? What traits did he possess, according to the video?
They destroyed empires. Document 4 states, “ ….the Byzantine Empire as a political unit never recovered”(unknown author 4). This relevant because this piece of evidence tells us that the Crusaders did much more damage to communities other than war. The damage of the political unit of the Byzantine’s was one of the reasons why the empire fell.
Although the Crusades failed the Holy Land, they had a lasting outcome on the way the Europeans lived. This is (important/interesting/relevant) because When the Crusaders returned they Europe they had brought back spices, sugar, and silk; many nobles and merchants enjoyed the new products and wanted more of them Document 2 states that Merchants in Venice and other northern Italian cities built large fleets to carry crusaders to the Holy Land. And later used those fleets to open new markets in the Crusaders’
The crusades were dark times they were very violent. There were two sides during the crusades. The crusaders are attacking and fighting for control over the Holy Land which contains Jerusalem. Then the Muslims were on the other side defending against the crusaders and fighting to stay in control of the Holy Land.the crusades had lost an appeal over time due to the fourth
The Crusades took place between the years 1095 and 1291 and included several different operations all over Europe. They are typically seen as one whole operation rather than the separate campaigns they were intended. History looks upon The Crusades as an overall failure since they strayed from the well intentioned beginnings. The First Crusade was initiated by Pope Urban II at the request of Byzantine Emperor Alexius I. Alexius was steadily losing extensive portions of his empire to the invading Muslim Turks (A&E Networks). A group of lay people and clergy took up the cross, as it was, and marched to free Jerusalem and the Holy land from the invading Turks.
They followed for three centuries, specifically in the years of 1146, 1189, 1199, 1217, 1228, 1249 and 1270. The crusades encountered various degrees of success, the last one being an absolute disaster, disease and severe weather having killed off most of the army. As became evident, it put an end to the attempts by European Christianity to take back to Holy Land. If the First Crusade was mainly motivated by religious faith, the other ones were mostly political and military campaigns. The principal goal was to keep control over the Latin territories, also called The Levant, and of course to conserve Jerusalem, the Holy
In 1198, Pope Innocent III preached the Fourth Crusade to reinstate Christian lands and recapture Jerusalem. Under Innocent III, for the first time in the history of the Crusades, the pope taxed the church in order to collect money for the war. In this Crusade, advocates followed Richard the Lionheart’s procedure and travel by sea rather than by land. As a result, crusaders leased vessels from Venice. Instead of going to the Holy Land, the Crusaders attacked Zara and Constantinople in order to acquire money to pay their debt and fulfill selfish reasons.
Fulcher's claim that European Christians should have been protected from Muslim occupation and fierce persecution. As the Roman Realm disintegrated and the papacy lost power and power, moves in governmental issues and religions started. The papacy, under the direction of Pope Urban II, started the battle for more power and power. Amid the time preceding the Main Campaign, the Christian confidence "overwhelmed and directed regular day to day existence to a degree that can appear to be practically unfathomable to a present day eyewitness receptive to the states of mind and biases progressively secularized contemporary society. This religious enthusiasm sustained the "mind-boggling uneasiness: the threat of wrongdoing".
The 4th crusades were a wasteful and destructive event that resulted only in further dividing the Christian World. Constantinople in 1204 was a savagely taken with many lives lost. Crusading lost much of its appeal for most Europeans, Jerusalem remained under Muslims' control. Document 1 states that.
The crusades happened because of many reasons. First the Turks took over the holy lands. Then the Byzantine Emperor wanted to regain the holy land, so he called for the church 's help. Pope Urban II didn 't want to look weak, so he arranged for the first crusade. That is the cause of the crusades.
The Christian View vs. The Muslim View of the Crusades The crusades were a set of different military actions that were sanctioned by the Catholic Church and the papacy. Their intention was to recapture Holy Lands they believed were rightfully theirs from the Muslim people that had invaded it. As any attack on a large group of people would do, every major group was affected. The Christians had their own reasons and beliefs for going on these Crusades.
The Crusades were expeditions done by the Roman Catholic Church in alliance with Middle-Age Kingdoms and Empires. There were a total of nine Crusades during the period of 1095 to 1291, led by Saladin, Richard I "the Lionheart" of England, Pope Urban II, Frederick I the Holy Roman Emperor, etc. At first, the Crusades were a way to fight back the Muslims for their conquest of Jerusalem. The idea of the Crusade was a very good marketing strategy by Pope Urban II. It was told that any Crusader would be rewarded a place in heaven, and forgiven their sins.
The Crusades were successful failures because they did not meet many of their goals, but left lasting effects. The Crusades was an attempt by the Roman Catholic Church to regain the Holy Lands from the Muslims. They believed they were fighting for god and all sins would be forgiven and defend the Byzantine Empire from the Turks. The first Crusade (1096 -1099) was successful for the Christians because they had a clear and organized religious based purpose. Crusaders the Christian armies were able to hold Jerusalem and in the process led to a massacre of Jews.
Pope Urban II’s speech at Clermont in 1095 was a call to crusade given outdoors to the nobles, commoners and church leaders of the Western European Christians (the Franks). The people were moved by this speech and it changed history, launching the first crusade to capture Jerusalem from the Muslim Turks. After hearing Pope Urban II’s speech, thousands of Western European Christians were moved to embark on the dangerous journey and fight in the crusade. I believe the main reasons they were moved and persuaded to fight was; 1) they felt it was their Christian duty, 2) Pope Urban promised them absolution for their sins and 3) they felt compelled to defend Christianity, their holy land and the Eastern Christians.