The Constitution of the United States was written in 1787, but there was a grapple for its ratification that went on until about two decades after the ratification. Members of Congress believed that the first government of the United States or the Articles of Confederation, needed to be adjusted while others did not want anything to change. After the Revolutionary War, the people did not want a strong central government, because it reminded them too much of what they were trying to escape from. Under the Articles, each state had their own laws, and the need for a new Constitution was desired by many. The Constitution of 1787 created huge debates, arguments and splits in the nation that lasted for several year after its ratification between people who
The only way to change our country is by working with each other, not against each other. With some Americans refusing to stay open minded to the beliefs of the opposite political party, our country will get nowhere. As one of our country’s Founding Fathers, Washington would not approve of this, and demand the next president change this. If George Washington was still alive today, he would be able to give the next president advice to transform our country. Someone with the unbiased mindset toward the two main political parties would be a much needed perspective for the next president.
The Declaration of Independence states, “--That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed…”. In the article Why Government, it states, “But Locke also believed that governments should protect people’s natural rights.” Both of these quotes show that the purpose for creating government, is so that the protection of the natural rights of the people is ensured. Also, the idea that these fair powers are just what Men (human beings) are receiving and what they should receive from the creation of governments. Both of these quotes combine with each other, because of the pinpointed idea of how the government was created in order to benefit to the natural rights of the people, and to protect these
When the United States first gained their independence from Britain they needed to create a strong government for their colonies. The United States created their first government called the Articles of Confederation. The Articles came with many problems like no power to tax, no power to enforce the law, or regulate commerce. 10 years after having a weak government, they believed that a new type of government need to be created in order to become a strong government. They came up with the Constitution.
When Aristotle said “man is a political animal”, he meant that man is made to live in society because that is where he can develop his moral faculties. In The Leviathan, liberal philosopher Thomas Hobbes enunciates his political theory starting from the pessimistic conception that “man is a wolf to man”. He then concludes the necessity for a strong state, this Leviathan, in charge of the people’s security and maintaining the peace in exchange for their absolute obedience. This is what he calls the “social contract” or “convenant”. The covenant creates a real unity between men and their sovereign as both parties.
After the American Revolutionary War, many Americans were opposed to the idea of a strong central government. They saw the idea of a strong centralized government as a gateway back into the familiar tyrannical government and abuse of power that they had just fought so hard to free themselves of. The idea of creating a new Constitution was unnecessary to some because the Articles of Confederation were already in place. The non-supporters of the newly proposed Constitution called themselves “Anti- Federalist.” Naturally, many of the supporters of the new Constitution felt that it was very much needed and they felt as if the Articles of Confederation were not strong enough to functionally run the government. The “federalists,” or supporters of the proposed Constitution, wanted to
Another social contract from Locke is the Law of Nature. Locke’s view on this was that all decisions are based on morality. That it was God’s commands that they should
Throughout The Prince Machiavelli lays out his guidelines for effective leadership using human nature to justify his beliefs as to what an effective leader should look like. In the Prince Machiavelli lays out his belief for the general characteristics of humanity on page 46, where he writes, “For it is a good general rule about men, that they are ungrateful,
Freud mentions that civilization is described as “the whole sum of achievements, and the regulations which distinguish our lives from those of our animal ancestors and which serve two purposes-namely to protect men against nature and to adjust their mutual relationship” (pg.36). The protecting of men against nature can be referred back to the superior power and the feebleness of our own bodies as sources of suffering. The acknowledgement of adjusting the mutual relationship is referred to the inadequacy of regulating the adjustment to our families and society. The acts that we have imposed to nature, have not increased the pleasurable satisfaction which humanity expected from life. Freud goes to say, “we ought not to infer from it that technical progress is without value for the economics of our happiness”(pg.35).
The individuals eventually realise the futility of living in the state of nature and inevitably attempt to organise a society in which the sovereign, in order to secure peace and safe living, has absolute powers. Even if the sovereign, to maintain the welfare of people and their safety, sometimes requires various restrictions of their civil liberties, the individuals know that without being assured a safe and prosperous living they might not be able to experience those liberties at all. Here Hobbes idea of an absolute power emerges to be logical. Nonetheless, as Van Mill stated in his article frequently cited in this essay: “political power is necessary but because of this it is also necessarily dangerous”