Women are not discouraged to enroll in higher paying fields. They choose to graduate in English literature, Social Sciences, Communications, and Arts. These fields are relatively low paid fields than the sciences or commercial fields. Married women that have children temporary opt out of employment or dramatically reduce their number of working hours for childcare responsibilities. According to Andrew Biggs’s article published in the National Review in 2010, “women are also four times more likely to leave the workforce temporarily to care for children.
According to the 2011 UN General Assembly, women encounter inconveniences in the political arena “often as a result of discriminatory laws, practices, attitudes and gender stereotypes, low levels of education, lack of access to health care and the disproportionate effect of poverty on women” (UN Women USNC, par. 1). The global statistics of women representation in the government clearly expresses the issue of gender inequality. As of the past two years, only 18.3% of government ministers and 22.8% of all national parliamentarians were women (IPU UN Women, pt. 1; IPU Women in Parliaments, pt.
According to government standards, the number of poor people in China accounted for over 82 million people by the end of 2013. But according to international standards, there are still over 200 million people suffer from poverty China. Poverty is one factor in china. Poverty encompasses various dimensions which includes lack of access to basic services, insecurity in daily life, disempowerment as human agency, and the inability to speak out with dignity. Furthermore, lack of education limits the women from getting better earning opportunities, making them even more vulnerable to exploitation.
Discrimination against women at work is still a reality and more in rich countries. Women must work almost 80 days more than a man so they can possibly earn the same, and still don’t have the same salary. It’s probably one of the worst problems that women are facing right now. Ironically, in XXI century the problem persists and it is even worse. While a lot of education is a useful tool for increasing earnings, it is not effective against the gender pay gap.
There is still clear discrimination going on in the workplace towards women today; two of these issues being the gender pay gap and sexual harassment. Women get paid less than men based on their personal life, gender, age, race, and level of education. According to statistics women earn only 80% of what men earn, a pay gap of 20% (Miller). For instance, hispanic/latina women get paid only 54% of what white men earn and african american women get paid 63% of what white men earn. Second, when women have kids their employers assume they will work less so they pay them less.
Poverty was almost like a curse given to Rosa Vargas by her husband, who “left without even leaving a dollar for bologna or a note explaining how come” (29). Many women today with young children are forced to take care of their families as single mothers without the support of the father. These women are often too busy taking care of the children to find a job. The fact that Rosa is a Hispanic affects her ability to find a job as well. Even if she did have the time, her ethnicity and gender would be cause for discrimination.
A gender gap means more males are economically employed than females. The South African gender wage gap is a estimated average of about 15%-17%. This implies that a South African woman would need to work two months more than a man to earn the equivalent salary that he would earn in a year. If the gap persists, a South African woman would never catch up with her male. End of the day she loses out on pension and other benefits that are coupled to her basic salary.
Women however, are less likely to work full-time, with only 61.1% and 57.6% of women’s jobs being full-time for ages 30 to 39 and 40 to 49 respectively. 2. Having children may also change what women want from a job.Women often care for young children or elderly relatives. women are more likely to want the ability to work flexible hours, or to work at home, or to complete a project outside a tight schedule which are often lower paid or have fewer opportunities for progression. 3.Discrimination is another cause of the gender pay gap.
Married women and single women wanted to work together but people did not let them. Women in the 1930s were expected to do housework and could not find jobs easily outside of the home, but women organized into volunteers groups devoted to improving the living and working conditions of other women. Women were having a hard time getting a job. Women worked long hours for low wages in the 1930s. The depression caused wages to drop lower so more women can join and not meet the basic expenses (Working Women in the 1930s).
These reporters often suffer harassment from fans and even the athletes they cover. Female sport journalists suffer an increased amount of critique because of a sexist society claiming women know less about sport than men. Another reporting field women struggle in is photojournalism. News photography positions at media organisations have been shrinking over the past decade no thanks to camera-happy smartphone wielders supplying the images anyone wants and needs. Though what’s more upsetting is the evident gender gap in this industry.