The Haitian Revolution was sparked from the French Revolution. The Ways of the World explained that “the French Revolution lit several fuses and set in motion a spiral of violence that engulfed the colony for more than a decade” (The Ways of the World, pg. 709). Saint Domingue, otherwise known as Haiti, was a very wealthy civilization. The civilization made its living off of the widely known plantations of sugar and coffee.
I also liked the fact that she used diaries, memoirs and congressional testimonies, to show how the occupation affected both the Haitian people and the American marines. As a reader, you are able to read and see clearly how both racism and imperialism in Haiti created this influence in art and literature in the United States. The author does a great job of showing both perspectives from the marines and the Haitian people towards each other. I would have preferred more personal stories from the Haitian people, especially from Haitian women. I would recommend this book to anyone who is interested in learning more about the occupation from those that were involved and affected by
After hundreds of years of proven service to Spain, the Creoles felt that the Bourbons were now treating them like a recently conquered nation. The Haitian Revolution is known to be the largest and most successful slave rebellion in the Western Hemisphere. Slaves initiated the rebellion in 1791 and by 1803 they had succeeded in ending not just slavery but French control over the colony. The Haitian Revolution, however, was much more complex, consisting of several revolutions going on simultaneously. These revolutions were influenced by the French Revolution of 1789, which would come to represent a new concept of human rights, universal citizenship, and participation in government.
This began the colonization of the Dominican Republic from the Spanish Empire. However, the western half remained property of France and was known as Haiti. When Columbus claimed this island Spain renamed it to Santo Domingo. Dominicans wanted their independence. They fought to gain their independence in 1821 but were unfortunately conquered and taken over by Haiti for the following twenty-two years.
Slavery affects every country and person differently but in the Dominican Republic, slavery took away the nation’s identity. The Dominican Republic was colonized by Christoper Columbus who was a Spaniard and named the island “La Hispaniola” or little Spain on his first voyage in 1492. The Dominican Republic subsequently became “The first of Spain’s New World colonies” (Levine 1) according to Edwin A. Levine in “The Seed of Slavery in the New World: An Examination of the Factors Leading to the Impressment of the Indian Labor in Hispaniola”. Slavery as most people know it is the being restricted of freedom because of race or skin color. The state of being an enslaved human being is something that the average person today could simply not grasp completely,
The French, Haitian, and American Revolutions were all sparked from the minds of the colonists, slaves, or lower classes who were treated with inequality by their own governments. In each location, there was a noticeable trend of mistreatment between government and people. In Haiti, slaves brought over by the French who captured the island, and forced them into brutal labor in what was the most valuable and wealthy are at the time. The government and leadership in France was corrupt as they were in much debt. King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette lived in Versailles far from the other forms of government, abusing the country wealth.
After the French gained their rights, people in Haiti started to fight because they wanted to have the same rights that French gained during the reform. Locke’s ideas have given Frenchmen the courage to fight against the strict government. During the reign of Louis XIV, nobles’ power was strictly limited. By making the nobles live in Versailles, Louis could easily watch over his nobles. Later, Louis XVI took over the throne.
This quote taken from the Haitian Declaration of Independence can be broken down into sections showing how Jean-Jacques Dessalines was able to rally his Country together to fight for their right to become a sovereign State. To begin, the declaration uses the phrase “Native Citizens” to bring a sense of nationalism to all citizens who are reading at the time. This sense of nationalism to start off the quote is attempting to rally the people of Haiti together, which is an idea that will continued to be brought up. The declaration follows this by telling all people to cast their gaze on their island. To understand what the next part of the quote one must know that the Haitian Declaration of Independence was proclaimed on January 1st,1804, an era in which gender equality didn’t exist and the man was thought of as the only liable worker and soldier.
Toussaint Louverture was the leader of the Haitian Revolution. He was born into slavery in 1743 in the French colony of Saint Domingue. The slaves were mistreated for many years, and decided to finally do something about it. A rebellion was started between the slaves and the French, called the Haitian Revolution. Toussaint Louverture was a great military commander because he was a significant part of putting an end to slavery, but he was a shoddy ruler of Haiti.