Hippies promoted a laid-back, nonconformist lifestyle, which included frequent drug use; thus, the movement generated a massive uproar in the American community. Consequently, the hippie subculture has often been subjected to an in-accurate, stereotyped image. Over the years, there has been an unreasonable amount of prejudice against hippies and their culture. While I have always been particularly interested in the hippie subculture, I must admit that there are many things I was not aware of before I began working on this assignment, apart from the way they were portrayed in movies and magazines. For instance, I used to believe that the hippie movement was merely a “trend”.
Furthermore, youth sub-cultures invoked a plethora of conflicting opinions of post-war youth. They were deviant and dangerous, they were misunderstood, they were apostles of new consumerism, and were devotees of Americanism. The release, in 1955, of the film Blackboard Jungle, with the soundtrack by Bill Haley and the Comets, opened up a whole new music genre of Rock n’ Roll to the youth of the time. Thus the fear of Americanism invading traditional British culture was added to the mix of a perceived deviant youth sub-culture. This American influence stimulated a series of remarkable and markedly British youth subcultures from the mid nineteen fifties to the late nineteen seventies.
After World War II, the United States began to see a positive change in economic and political growth. The middle class Americans were moving to the suburbs, Elvis Presley was emerging as the king of rock and roll, and Marilyn Monroe was a reigning film star. In the late 1950s and early 1960s, a “cultural revolution” was arising and were being led by activists, thinkers, and artists who sought to rethink and overturn the stifling social order that was being ruled by conformity. With the Vietnam War creating mass protests, the Civil Rights Movement fighting for the equality of African Americans, and the women’s liberation movement gaining momentum, a new form of art called Pop Art was coming to light and making its way to society. The birth of Pop art started in England between the years of 1950 and 1960, but really came out of its shell in New York.
It was after the World War II when these authors began to emerge and came to prominence in 1950´s. They were a cultural phenomenon that they documented and also inspired. This new wave was so important and impacted in the society due to his beliefs and values, which were the reaction to the Political Repression, racial intolerance, and conservatism of the 40´s and 50´s. The founders of the movement met at New York, some of them at Columbia University. They were, among others; Allen Ginsberg, who wrote Howl (1956); William S. Burroughs, the author of Naked Lunch (1959) and Jack Kerouac, who wrote On the Road (1957), and the one who introduced the phrase "Beat Generation".
This LA based organization originated the term “homophile” because it was seen as less clinical and more focused on sexual activity rather than “homosexual”. The Mattachine Society’s mission was to fight for LGBT equal rights and to change the attitude towards same sex love. Homophiles avoided bars and clubs, hoping for a more middle class decent image rather than the stereotypical homosexual who drinks and clubs every night. Starting off small, the Mattachine Society expanded after founding member Dale Jennings was arrested for solicitation, but later was set free due to a deadlocked jury. In 1955, a lesbian rights group, Daughters of Bilitis, was founded in San Francisco by Del Martin, a lesbian rights activist; this rights group hosted private social functions, due to fear of police raids, threats of violence and discrimination in bars and clubs, and later published the
Lauren views the people of Robledo, as deflective and isolative thinkers. They refuse to adapt to the environment around them and instead wish to dream about the good old days. Lauren views this neglectful behavior, as a coping mechanism. Eventually, it leads to the community 's untimely demise. In her writings, of Earthseed, Lauren postulates “People tend to give in to fear and depression, to need and greed.
Americans had rarely accepted outsiders as equals, and that was the case with immigrants coming to the U.S in the 1840s to the 1920s. A time in America where immigrants were not considered inferior to native white Americans did not exist. The hatred of anything non-American, especially with the coming of World War I in 1914, would only cause more Americans to despise immigrants. Part of this was rooted simply in racism, which existed towards groups other than African Americans, but much of it was simply that Americans considered themselves the chosen people while everyone else was below them. Thus, despite immigrants being accepted into America, those immigrants were still treated far worse than white citizens between the 1840s and 1920s, for the prejudice against them was obvious even in the laws created.
For instance, Lack talks about how Blacks and Latinos were torn between supporting either the Mexicans of the Texans. Strangely enough, their choices were not as such inspired by patriotism to their nation but survival. This practice has extended even to modern society where many prejudices exists about black people due to their simple desire to survive. Perhaps the greatest contrast between the two books is that in The American Promise, the authors analyse how environmental issues such as conservation of sources of energy (coal, fossil fuel) and deforestation. In The Revolutionary Experience, however, the focus on environmental issues is not only shallow but also Lack does not proceed to show how it affected the politics of the time.
The NAACP has campaigned for the novel removed from schools on account of over 200 uses of the n-word, particularly in the passage about Jim and the witches. This only serves to humiliate and bring up painful memories that serve no purpose (Wallace). These critics also point out what appears is a degradation of Jim’s character. He falls under quite a few caricatures of the time all of which are used by the opposition to assert that Twain is abandoning any attempt to finalize the evolution observed between Huck and Jim, allowing him to fall back into the role of a “stupid quiet slave” (Caricature). While an argument can certainly be made for this theory, it is better explained by the context it is presented in.
Fitzgerald and his wife, Zelda, both carried on this lifestyle until Zelda went mad and was placed in a mental institution. After Fitzgerald wrote The Great Gatsby, he did not have anymore success. This caused more depression in Fitzgerald 's life, resulting in more drinking. This eventually led to Fitzgerald’s death at age 44, from a heart